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410 Cards in this Set

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inflation
n.胀大, 夸张, 通货膨胀, (物价)暴涨

The government is determined to bring down inflation.

政府决心把通货膨胀率降低。
inflict
v.造成

Don't inflict your belief on me.

不要把你的想法强加于我。
ingenious
adj.机灵的, 有独创性的, 精制的, 具有创造才能

This book shows that he is an ingenious author.

这本书表明他是一个有创造力的作家。
ingeniously
adv.有才能地, 贤明地
ingredient
n.成分, 因素

There is a list of ingredients on the side of the packet.

包装袋的边上印有所含配料表。
inhabit
vt.居住于, 存在于, 占据, 栖息

Fish inhabit the sea.

鱼栖息于海中。

Only a few people inhabited the island.

只有少数人在这个岛上居住。
inhabitant
n.居民, 居住者

He lives in a city with 100000 inhabitants.

他住在一个有十万居民的城市。
inherit
vt.继承, 遗传而得

The oldest son will inherit the title.

长子将继承爵位。

She inherited all her mother's beauty.

她秉承了她母亲的全部美貌。
inhibit
抑制, 约束, [化][医]抑制
innumerable
adj.无数的, 数不清的

The stars in the night sky are innumerable.

夜空中的星星数不清。
insanity
n.精神错乱, 疯狂, 愚顽
insight
n.洞察力, 见识

The book is filled with remarkable insights.

这本书很有真知卓见。

I've got an insight into the problem.

我对问题豁然开朗。
insistence
n.坚持, 坚决主张
inspection
n.检查, 视察

The soldiers lined up for their daily inspection by their officers.

士兵们列队接受长官的日常检阅。

I gave the radio a thorough inspection before buying it.

我把收音机彻底检查了一遍才买了下来。
inspiration
n.灵感

Many poets and artists have drawn their inspiration from nature.

许多诗人和艺术家从大自然中获得他们的灵感。

His wife was a constant inspiration to him.

他的妻子经常鼓励他。
inspire
vt.吸(气), 鼓舞, 感动, 激发, 启示, 使生灵感, 产生
vi.吸入, 赋予灵感

His best music was inspired by the memory of his mother.

他最好的乐曲创作灵感来自怀念他的母亲。

The sight inspired him with nostalgia.

这景象激起了他的怀旧之情。
institution
n.公共机构, 协会, 制度

Marriage is an institution in most societies.

婚姻是大多数社会早已确立的制度。
institutionalize
v.使制度化或习俗化, 使送进专门机构
instructive
adj.有益的, 教育性的

This is an instructive book.

这是本有教育意义的书。

The minister's visit to the prison was not instructive.

牧师这次探监没有意义。
instrumentalist
n.乐器演奏家, 乐器家, 工具主义者
insulation
n.绝缘
insulting
adj.侮辱的, 污蔑的, 无礼的, 损害人体的
insurmountable
adj.不能克服的, 不能超越的
intact
adj.完整无缺的, 尚未被人碰过的, (女子)保持童贞的, (家畜)未经阉割的
integral
adj.完整的, 整体的, [数学] 积分的, 构成整体所需要的
n.[数学] 积分, 完整, 部分
integrate
vt.使成整体, 使一体化, 求...的积分
v.结合
integrated
adj.综合的, 完整的
intelligible
adj.可理解的
intense
adj.强烈的, 剧烈的, 热切的, 热情的, 激烈的

I did not go to the cinema because of the intense cold.

我因为严寒没出去看电影。

My work is so intense that I even have no time to take a rest.

我的工作非常紧张,以致于我没有时间休息。
intensive
adj.强烈的, 精深的, 透彻的, [语法]加强语气的
n.加强器

Do you have an intensive reading of English this term?

这个学期你们有英语精读课程吗?

Intensive efforts are being made to resolve the dispute.

现正全力以赴来解决这场纠纷。
intent
n.意图, 目的, 意向, [律](犯罪或侵权行为的)故意
adj.专心的, 决心的, 热心的

She is intent on getting the job done quickly.

她决心尽快把这件事情做好。

Your intent gaze made her uncomfortable.

你的注目凝视使她感到不自在。

She behaved foolishly but with good intent.

她的行为很蠢,但却是好意的
interact with
与...相合
interaction
n.交互作用, 交感

There should be a lot more interaction between the social services and local doctors.

社会公益服务机构和当地医生应该加强协作。
interdependence
n.互相依赖
interdependent
adj.相互依赖的, 互助的
interference
n.冲突, 干涉

I resented his interference in my affairs.

我很不满他干预我的私事。

The television station apologized for the interference, which was due to bad weather

conditions.电视台为出现的干扰表示歉意,那是由于恶劣的天气状况。
interior
adj.内部的, 内的
n.内部

The interior of the building is magnificent and luxurious

大楼内部装饰得富丽堂皇。

Xi'an is a city in the interior of China.

西安是一个内陆城市。

They are engaged in interior trade.

他们从事国内贸易。
interlocking
adj.联锁的
internal
adj.内在的, 国内的

He worked in internal trade.

他的工作是做国内贸易。
interpersonal
adj.人与人之间的, 关于人与人之间关系的
interpretation
n.解释, 阐明, 口译, 通译

I found no evidence to back your interpretation.

我找不到证据来支持你的解释。

This passage may be given several interpretations.

这段文字可以有不同的解释。

I'm not satisfied with his interpretation of this sentence.

我不太满意他对这个句子的翻译。
interrupt
vt.打断(正在说话或动作的人), 中断, 妨碍, 插嘴
vi.打断(别人的讲话或行动)
n.(发给电脑的)中断信号

Don't interrupt me, children.

孩子们,别打断我的话。

Traffic was interrupted by a dense fog.

交通因浓雾而受阻。
interstellar
adj.星际的
interval
n.间隔, 距离, 幕间休息
n.时间间隔

The proper intervals should be maintained between vehicles.

车辆之间应保持适当的间距。

There is an hour's interval to the next train.

下一火班车还要过一小时才开。
intervention
n.干涉

The government's intervention in this dispute will not help.

政府对这场争论的干预不会起作用。
intimacy
n.亲密, 隐私, 亲昵行为(尤指不正当的性关系)

He exchanged intimacies with his bosom friend at the party.

在晚会上,他和他的密友亲密交谈。
intoxication
n.陶醉
intricate
adj.复杂的, 错综的, 难以理解的

This is a novel with an intricate plot.

这是一本情节错综复杂的小说。

I was unable to find out the intricate windings of the labyrinth.

我无法找出迷宫中扑朔迷离的路线。
intricately
adv.杂乱地
intriguing
adj.迷人的, 有迷惑力的, 引起兴趣(或好奇心)的
intrinsic
adj.(指价值、性质)固有的, 内在的, 本质的
intruder
n.入侵者

I hate intruders when I am studying.

在我学习时我讨厌有人打扰我。
intrusion
n.闯入, 侵扰

This newspaper article is a disgraceful intrusion into my private life.

报纸上的这篇文章是对我私生活的侵扰,这种做法很不光彩。

He was sentenced to be guilty of intrusion upon my privacy.

他因侵犯我的隐私权被判有罪。
invade
vt.侵略, 侵袭, 拥挤

I object to our privacy being invaded.

我反对我们的隐私权受到侵害。

The town was invaded by reporters.

这个城市涌进了大批记者。
inventory
n.详细目录, 存货, 财产清册, 总量
invertebrate
adj.无脊椎的, 无骨气的
n.无脊椎动物, 无骨气的人
ion
n.离子
irresistible
adj.不可抵抗的, 不能压制的

His arguments were irresistible.

他的论据是无法反驳的。

It is so hot, our desire to swim in the pool is irresistible.

天这么热,我们不禁要下去游泳。
irrevocably
adv.不能取消地, 不能撤回地
irrigate
vt.灌溉, 修水利, 冲洗伤口, 使潮湿
vi.进行灌溉

We have irrigated the desert area to make it fertile.

我们已经灌溉了荒芜地区使它肥沃。

They are irrigating with water.

他们正用水灌溉土地。
irrigation
n.灌溉, 冲洗

Irrigation is needed to make crops grow in dry regions.

干旱地区需要灌溉才能使作物生长。
isolated
adj.隔离的,孤立的, 单独
isolation
n.隔绝, 孤立, 隔离, 绝缘, 离析

He examined each piece of evidence in isolation.

他分别审查每一证据。

Looked at in isolation, these facts are not encouraging.

孤立地看,这些事实并不乐观。
jealousy
n.嫉妒

His many little jealousies harmed their marriage.

他那许多妒嫉的言行妨害了他们的婚姻生活。
jellyfish
n.水母
jolting
震动, 震击
journalism
n.新闻业, 报章杂志
junction
n.连接, 接合, 交叉点, 汇合处

The accident happened at one of the country's busiest railway junctions.

事故发生在该国一个极繁忙的铁路交叉点处。

They decided to effect a junction of two armies.

他们决定两军会师。
jury
n.[律] 陪审团, 评判委员会, 陪审员
adj.[海]临时应急的

The jury found the prisoner not guilty.

陪审团认定该囚犯无罪。
juxtaposition
n.毗邻, 并置, 并列
keen
adj.锋利的, 敏锐的, 敏捷的, 热心的, 渴望的

That is a keen football match.

那是一场激烈的足球比赛。

The razor has a very keen edge.

这把剃刀有锋利的口。
kennel
n.狗窝, 狗屋, 阴沟
vt.置于狗窝, 宿于狗舍
vi.进狗窝

Their dog Rover lives in a kennel in the back garden.

他们的小狗罗佛的窝在后花园。

We put the dog into a kennel when we go on holiday.

我们去度假时把狗送到养狗场寄养。
kernel
n.(硬壳果)仁, (去壳的)麦粒, 谷粒, (事物、问题的)核心, 要点, 精髓, 内核

Are kernels of apricots edible?

杏仁能吃吗?

I think there is a kernel of truth in these otherwise frivolous comments.

我认为在这些本来是无关紧要的评论中含有一定的真实性。
kerosene
n.煤油, 火油

There was a kerosene lamp on the table.

桌子上有一盏煤油灯。
kinetic
adj.(运)动的, 动力(学)的
laborious
adj.(指工作)艰苦的, 费力的, (指人)勤劳的

Her work is a laborious task.

她的工作很艰苦。

He has a laborious style of writing.

他的文笔不流畅。
labyrinth
n.迷路, 迷宫, 难解的事物

The old building was a labyrinth with dark corridors.

那座古老建筑是一座长廊纵横光线昏暗的迷宫。
lament
n.悲伤, 哀悼, 恸哭, 挽诗, 悼词
vt.哀悼
vi.悔恨, 悲叹

He deeply lamented the death of his wife.

他对妻子的去世深感悲痛。
landmass
n.大陆
landscape
n.风景, 山水画, 地形, 前景
v.美化

That is an oil painting of a landscape in spring.

那是一幅描绘春天景色的油画。
landslide
n.[地]山崩, 崩塌的泥石
laser
n.激光

Lasers can be used to perform operations nowadays.

现在激光可以用来做手术。
latitude
n.纬度, 范围, (用复数)地区, 行动或言论的自由(范围)

The latitude of the island is 30 degrees north.

这个岛的纬度是北纬三十度。

At this altitude you often get strong winds.

在这一纬度地区,经常有大风。

The new law allows firms a lot less latitude than before in fixing the price of their goods.

新法律在允许各商行给产品定价的自由上比以前少得多了。
lava
n.熔岩, 火山岩

I've seen the stream of lava from a volcano.

我见过火山喷发出的熔岩流。
lave
vt.为沐浴, 洗
n.<苏格兰> 剩余物
layer
n.层, 阶层

There are several layers of meaning.

有几层不同的含意。

Her husband is a brick layer.

她丈夫是个砌砖匠。
layman
n.外行

This book is written for professionals and laymen alike.

这本书既可供专业人员阅读,又可供外行人看。

Layman is not a clergyman or a priest.

普通信徒有别于教士和牧师。
lease
n.租借, 租约, 租赁物, 租期, 延续的一段时间
vt.出租, 租出, 租得

We've taken a lease on an office building.

我们已租了一幢办公楼。

We will lease you the house for one year.

我们将把这房子租给你一年。

This company leases out property.

这个公司出租房地产。
ledge
n.壁架, 架状突出物, 暗礁, 矿层

He keeps some books on the window ledge.

他把一些书放在窗台上。
legacy
n.遗赠(物), 遗产(祖先传下来)

These are the cultural legacies of the Renaissance.

这些是文艺复兴时期的文化遗产。

His weak chest was a legacy of a childhood illness.

他那瘦弱的胸脯是儿时患病的后遗症。
legume
n.豆类, 豆荚
lengthen
v.延长, (使)变长

The days started to lengthen in March.

白昼在三月里开始变长。

He lengthened the rope by tying another piece to it.

他又接上一段绳子,把原来的加长了。
lettuce
n.[植]莴苣, 生菜, 苦菜类, <俚>纸币

I like to eat lettuce in summer, and so does my rabbit.

我喜欢夏天吃莴苣,我的兔子也喜欢。
light
n.光, 日光, 发光体, 灯
adj.轻的, 发光的, 明亮的, 浅的vt.点燃, 照亮
adv.轻地
vi.点着, 变亮

I can't read while you are standing in my light.

你挡住了我的光线,我没法看书。

It's beginning to get light.

天渐渐亮了。

The girl has a light hand for knitting.

这女孩手巧,精于编织。

We lit the candle and the candle lit the room.

我们点燃了蜡烛,蜡烛照亮了房间。

Her face lit up when she saw he was coming.

当她看到他走过来的时候,她的脸亮了起来。
limestone
n.石灰石

We may burn limestone to obtain lime.

我们可以通过烧石灰石来得到石灰。
linger
v.逗留, 闲荡, 拖延, 游移

He lingered outside the school after everybody else had gone home.

别人回家后,他仍在学校外面徘徊。

The beautiful melody is lingering in my mind.

美妙的音乐在我心中回荡。
livelihood
n.生计, 谋生
locomote
v.移动, 行动
locomotion
n.运动, 移动, 运动力, 移动力
locomotive
n.机车, 火车头
adj.运动的

He is a locomotive engineer.

他是一名火车司机。

The steam locomotives were superseded by diesel units.

蒸汽机车已被柴油内燃机车所取代。
logy
adj.迟缓的, 呆呆的
long-range
adj.(飞机、火箭等) 远程的, 远大的, 长期的
lumber
n.<美>木材, 无用的杂物(如破旧家俱), 废物, 隆隆声
vt.砍伐木材, 乱堆
vi.伐木, 喧闹地向前走, 笨重地行动

He has a lumber-mill.

他有一个锯木厂。

The old car lumbered up the hill.

那辆旧车摇摇晃晃地开上了小山。
luminosity
n.发光度
luminous
adj.发光的, 明亮的

There are many luminous road signs along the roads.

沿着路有许多夜光路标。
lure
v.引诱

He left home because of the lures of the life in the city.

由于受到城市生活的诱或,他离开了家。

The travel brochure lured me into taking a Caribbean vacation.

这本旅游小册子诱使我去加勒比地区度假。
maneuver
v.机动
n.机动
mania
n.[医]颠狂, 狂躁, 癖好, 狂热
manifestation
n.显示, 表现, 示威运动

This riot is only one manifestation of people's discontent.

这骚乱仅仅是人们不满的一种表露而已。

That manifestation showed our power.

那次示威运动显示了我们的力量。
manipulate
vt.(熟练地)操作, 使用(机器等), 操纵(人或市价、市场), 利用, 应付, 假造
vt.(熟练地)操作,巧妙地处理
mansion
n.大厦, 官邸, 公寓(用复数,用于专有名词中)

He lives in Victoria Mansions.

他住在维多利亚公寓
mantle
n.斗蓬, 覆盖物, 壁炉架
v.披风, 覆盖

The mountain was covered with a mantle of snow.

山上覆盖着一层雪。

Snow mantled the hills.

雪覆盖着丘陵。
manual
n.手册, 指南
adj.手的, 手动的, 手工的, 体力的, 手册(性质)的, [律]实际占有的

Making small models requires manual skill.

制作小模型要手巧。

A maintenance manual gives diagrams and instructions for repairing your car.

维修手册向您提供修理汽车所需的图表和说明。
margin
n.页边的空白, (湖、池等的)边缘, 极限, 利润, 差数, (时间、金额等的)富余
vt.加边于, 加旁注于

The little boy likes to make notes in the margin of books.

小男孩喜欢在书页空白边上做笔记。

He beat the other runners by a margin of ten seconds.

他比其他运动员早10秒钟到达终点。
marine
n.舰队, 水兵, 海运业
adj.海的, 海产的, 航海的, 船舶的, 海运的

The rocks are covered by marine plants.

岩石被海生植物所覆盖。
maritime
adj.海上的, 海事的, 海运的, 海员的

England was a great maritime power.

英国曾是海上的强国。

The country's maritime provinces are rich.

这个国家沿海的省份非常富有。
markedly
adv.显著地, 明显地
marrow
n.髓, 骨髓, 精华, 活力, <苏格兰>配偶

It was so cold that he felt frozen to the marrow.

天气太冷了,他感到寒冷刺骨。
mask
n.面具, 掩饰, 石膏面像
vt.戴面具, 掩饰, 使模糊
vi.化装, 戴面具, 掩饰, 参加化装舞会

They did so under the mask of charity.

他们是打着慈善的幌子这么做的。

Her smile masked true feelings.

她的微笑掩饰了她的感情。
masonry
n.石工术, 石匠职业

The masonry is crumbling.

石屋日渐崩溃。

I was hurt by a piece of falling masonry.

我被掉下来的一块建筑用石块砸伤。
massive
adj.厚重的, 大块的, 魁伟的, 结实的

The soldier suffered a massive haemorrhage and died soon after.

那个战士经受了大量出血的痛苦,不久便去世了。
masterpiece
n.杰作, 名著

This book is his masterpiece.

这本书是他的杰作。
mate
n.配偶, 对手, 助手
vt.使配对, 使一致, 结伴
vi.成配偶, 紧密配合

The male hunts for food while his mate guards the nest.

雌性动物守巢时,雄性动物猎食。
meager
n.兆

He had to support his family with his meager income.

他只能靠微薄的收入来养家。
mechanical
adj.机械的, 机械制的, 机械似的, 呆板的

He was asked the same question so many times that the answer became mechanical.

同样的问题人们向他问得太多了,所以他的答案也是千篇一律。

We need a mechanical digger to level the ground.

我们需要一台挖掘机来平整土地。
mechanism
n.机械装置, 机构, 机制

The soldier told us where the firing mechanism of a rifle is.

那个士兵告诉我们哪儿是步枪的击发装置。

The watch has delicate mechanism.

这块表有精细的机械装置。
media
n.媒体

The media have a lot of power today.

现在大众传播媒介有很大的力量。
medium
n.媒体, 方法, 媒介
adj.中间的, 中等的, 半生熟的

Sound travels through the medium of air.

声音通过空气这一媒介传播。

He prefers a happy medium in life.

他在生活中甘居中游。

This cloth is of medium quality.

这种布质量平平。

My gloves are size medium.

我的手套尺寸是中号。
melodrama
n.情节剧
memorial
n.纪念物, 纪念馆, 纪念议事, 请愿书
adj.记念的, 记忆的

He was often seen at funerals and memorials.

人们经常在葬礼和追悼会上见到他。
mercantile
adj.商人的, 商业的, 经商的, 重商主义的, 以金钱为目的的
merchandise
n.商品, 货物

Their merchandise is of high quality.

他们的货物质量很好。
metabolic
adj.代谢作用的, 新陈代谢的
meteorite
n.陨星
meteorologist
n.气象学者

The Meteorologist drew a picture of weather.

气象学者画了一张天气图。
meticulous
adj.小心翼翼的
minimize
vt.将...减到最少
v.最小化
minuscule
n.草写小字
adj.用草写小字写的, 极小的
minute
n.分, 分钟, 片刻, 一瞬间, 备忘录, 笔记
vt.记录, 摘录, 测定时间
adj.微小的, 详细的, 仔细而准确的

The park is only five minutes from downtown.

这个花园离市中心只有五分钟的路程。

You must learn how to take minutes.

你必须学会做会议纪要。

I had remembered in minute detail everything that had happened.

我对发生的每件事的细枝末节都记得清清楚楚。
miraculous
adj.奇迹的, 不可思议的

He made a miraculous recovery.

他奇迹般地康复了。

It's miraculous how much weight you've lost!

你体重减轻了这么多,真了不起!
mobility
n.活动性, 灵活性, 迁移率, 机动性
mock
v.嘲笑, 骗, 挫败, 嘲弄
adj.假的
n.嘲弄, 模仿, 仿制品

The army training exercises ended with a mock battle.

军事训练演习以一场模拟战结束。

She opened her eyes wide in mock disbelief.

她睁大眼睛假装不相信。

We should not mock at other people's religious beliefs.

我们不应该嘲笑别人的宗教信仰。
moderate
adj.中等的, 适度的, 适中的
v.缓和

He usually drives at a moderate speed.

他通常中速驾驶。

The wind was strong all day, but it moderated after sunset.

风猛烈地刮了一整天后,日落后变小了。

He moderated on a weekly panel show.

他主持每周的讨论节目。

The moderates have plenty to be anxious about.

温和派有许多问题要担忧。
modify
vt.更改, 修改
v.修改

The union has been forced to slightly modify its position.

工会被迫稍稍改变立场。

The policy was agreed by the committee, but only in a modified form.

那项政策经修改后才获得委员会同意。
moisture
n.潮湿, 湿气

The kitchen's stone floor was shining with moisture.

厨房的石板地受了潮闪闪发亮。
molecular
adj.[化]分子的, 由分子组成的
molecule
n.[化]分子, 些微

We can see many molecules flying in the air when a sunbeam penetrated the dark room.

当一束光线穿进暗淡的房间时,我们可以看到空气中有许多小颗粒在飞舞。
molten
v.熔化
adj.熔铸的
monochromatic
adj.[物]单色的, 单频的
monopolize
vt.独占, 垄断
monument
n.纪念碑

They dedicated a monument in memory of those who died in the great earthquake.

他们为悼念死于大地震的人们建造纪念碑。
morale
n.士气, 民心
morphology
n.[生物]形态学、形态论, [语法]词法、词态学
motif
n.主题, 主旨, 动机, 图形
motivation
n.动机
multiple
adj.多样的, 多重的
n.倍数, 若干
v.成倍增加

A multiple crash can often be seen on that motorway.

那条公路上的联环撞车事故很多。

He is the person with multiple injuries.

他就是那个多处受伤的人。
multiply
v.繁殖, 乘, 增加

Four multiplied by seven is twenty-eight. 7 乘4 等于28。Rabbits multiply quickly.

兔子繁殖很快。

We must multiply our efforts to clear up the mystery.

我们必须加倍努力来澄清这一神秘的事件。
multitude
n.多数, 群众

A multitude of people gathered at the gate of the exhibition hall.

大群人聚集在展览大厅的门口。

The multitude may laugh at his music, but we know better.

一般人也许会嘲笑他的音乐,但我们更了解它。
mundane
adj.世界的, 世俗的, 平凡的
municipal
adj.市政的, 市立的, 地方性的, 地方自治的

I study in a municipal college.

我在一所市立大学上学。

She works in a municipal library.

她在一所市立的图书馆工作。
muscular
adj.肌肉的, 强健的

He's big and muscular.

他身材高大,肌肉发达。
myriad
n.无数, 无数的人或物, <诗>一万
adj.无数的, 一万的, 种种的

A myriad of thoughts passed through her mind.

无数想法划过她的心头。
mysterious
adj.神秘的

We must pay special attention to the mysterious stranger.

我们必须对那个神秘的陌生人严加注意。
narcotic
n.麻醉药, 致幻毒品, 镇静剂
adj.麻醉的, 催眠的

Narcotics are a major threat to health.

毒品是危害健康的大敌。

I felt comfortable on narcotic effect.

在麻醉剂的作用下我感到舒服些。
narrator
n. 讲述者,叙述者
neat
adj.整洁的, 灵巧的, 优雅的, (酒)纯的, 未搀水的

He keeps his office neat and tidy.

他保持办公室清洁整齐。

The naughty boy played a neat trick.

这个淘气的小男孩玩了一个巧妙的花招。
needy
adj.贫困的, 非常贫穷的, 缺乏生活必需品的

There are many needy families in our village.

我们村子有很多贫困家庭。

The rich man gave much food to needy people.

那位富翁给了穷人很多食物。
neoclassical
adj.新古典主义的
neon
n.[化]氖
nerve cord
神经索
neuron
n.[解]神经细胞, 神经元
niche
n.小生境
nickel
n.[化]镍, 镍币, (美国和加拿大的)五分镍币
vt.镀镍于

Can you give me a dime for two nickels?

你能不能用两个五分镍币给我换一个一毛的镍币?
nonconformist
n.非国教徒, 不遵奉英国国教的基督新教徒
nontraditional
adj.非传统的,不符合传统的
nostalgia
n.思家病, 乡愁, 向往过去, 怀旧之情
not so much as
连...都不肯
甚至不, 甚至于没有
notch
n.槽口, 凹口
vt.刻凹痕, 用刻痕计算, 开槽, 切口, 得分
n.<美语>山间小路, 刻痕, 峡谷

I cut a notch in a stick.

我在一根棍子上刻了一个V 字形。

With this performance, she has notched up her third championship title.

她因这一成绩而获得第三个冠军称号。
note
n.笔记, 短信, (外交)照会, 注解, 注释, 票据, 纸币, 音符
vt.注意, 记录, 笔记

Are there any explanatory notes at the back of the book?

书后面有注解吗?

Let me note down your address and telephone number.

让我记下你的地址和电话号码。

I failed to note that he had left.

我没有注意到他已经走了。
noxious
adj.有害的
nuclei
n.nucleus 的复数形
nucleus
[nuclear的复数, 见nuclear]
n.核子

These 1000 books will form the nucleus of the new school library.

这一千本书将构成学校新图书馆藏书的基础。
object to
反对
obscure
adj.暗的, 朦胧的, 模糊的, 晦涩的
vt.使暗, 使不明显

The path grew more obscure in the fading light.

小径在渐渐消失的光线下变得更暗了。

The poem is obscure to those unlearned in the classics.

这首诗在不懂古典诗作的人看来是费解的。
obstacle
n.障碍, 妨害物

Lack of education is an obstacle of success.

缺乏教育是成功的障碍。
occurrence
n.发生, 出现, 事件, 发生的事情
offshore
adj.向海面吹的, 离岸的, 海面上的
offspring
n.(单复数同形)儿女, 子孙, 后代, 产物

How do parents pass genes on to their offspring?

父母是怎样把基因遗传给自己的子女的?

The atom bomb is the offspring of the 20th century physics.

原子弹是20世纪物理学的产物。
olfactory
adj.嗅觉的
onset
n.攻击, 进攻, 有力的开始, 肇端
n.[医]发作

He met many difficulties at the first onset.

在一开始时,他遇到了许多困难。
onslaught
n.冲击
opaque
n.不透明物
adj.不透明的, 不传热的, 迟钝的

This is an opaque cup.

这是一个不透明的杯子。

I felt his report was deliberately opaque.

我觉得他的报告故意含糊其词。
optical
adj.眼的, 视力的, 光学的

Microscopes and telescopes are optical instruments.

望远镜和显微镜是光学仪器。
optimal
adj.最佳的, 最理想的
optimum
n.最适宜
adj.最适宜的
orchid
n.[植] 兰, 兰花, 淡紫色
adj.淡紫色的

The wallpaper in our bedroom has a pattern of orchids.

我们卧室的壁纸是兰花图案的。
ore
n.矿石, 含有金属的岩石

This is an area rich in ore.

这里是个矿产丰富的地区。
organically
adv.器官上地, 有机地
organism
n.生物体, 有机体

Germs may invade the organism.

细菌会侵入有机体。

The army is an extremely complex organism.

军队是极其复杂的组织。
orientation
n.方向, 方位, 定位, 倾向性, 向东方
originality
n.创意, 新奇

Her designs have great originality.

她的设计十分新颖。

The work lacks originality.

那作品缺乏创造性。
originate
vt.引起, 发明, 发起, 创办
vi.起源, 发生

The quarrel originated in rivalry between the two families.

这次争吵是两家不和引起的。

Who originated the concept of stereo sound?

立体声是谁发明的?

The style of architecture originated from the ancient Greeks.

这种建筑风格起源于古希腊。
ornamental
n.装饰物, 观赏植物
adj.装饰性的, 装饰的, 装饰用的

Ornamental copper pans hung on the wall.

墙上挂着装饰性的铜盘。

I've just dropped one of your china ornamental.

我刚才把你的一个瓷器装饰品弄掉了。
ornamentation
n.装饰, 装饰品
ounce
n.盎司, 少量, [动]雪豹

He tried to open the door by using every ounce of his strength.

他用尽全部力气想把门打开。
outbreak
n.(战争的)爆发, (疾病的)发作

There has been an outbreak of typhoid.

那儿正爆发伤寒。

The outbreak of riot caused many people to die.

暴乱的发生使很多人丧生。
outlet
n.出口, 出路

They found some new outlets for their products.

他们为自己的产品找到了一些新的市场。
output
n.产量, 输出, 输出量

The average output of the factory is 20 cars a day.

该工厂的平均产量是每天20辆汽车。

We must increase our output to meet demand.

我们必须提高产量满足需求。
oval
adj.卵形的, 椭圆的
n.卵形, 椭圆形

The playing field is a large oval.

球场很大,呈椭圆形。

The mirror is oval.

镜子是椭圆的。
overlap
v.(与...)交迭
overlapping
重叠, 搭接
overload
vt.使超载, 超过负荷
n.超载, 负荷过多
oversee
v.俯瞰, 监视, 检查, 视察
overwhelm
vt.淹没, 覆没, 受打击, 制服, 压倒

The village was overwhelmed when the floods came.

这个村庄在洪水泛滥时被淹没了。

Your kindness quite overwhelmed me.

你的好意使我感激难言。
overwhelmingly
adv.压倒性地, 不可抵抗地
oxen
n. ox 的复数
pack
n.包裹, <贬>一群, 一副, 背包, 包装
vt.包装, 捆扎, 塞满, 压紧, 挑选
vi.包装货物, 挤, 群集, 被包装
背包

We leave tomorrow but I haven't begun to pack yet!

我们明天动身,但我现在还没开始收拾行李呢!

The bus was packed with noisy schoolchildren.

这辆公共汽车里挤满了吵吵嚷嚷的小学生。

The wind packed the snow against the wall.

风把雪吹得堆积在墙边。

The traveler took out a bottle of water from the pack on his back.

那位旅行者从他的背包中拿出了一瓶水。
packed
[常用来构成复合词]充满...的, 塞满了...的
painstaking
n.苦干, 辛苦
adj.辛苦的, 辛勤的, 艰苦的
paleontologist
n.古生物学者
pane
n.长方块, 尤指窗格, 窗格玻璃, 边, 面

The pane of glass was broken by a football.

一块玻璃被足球打碎了。
panel
n.面板, 嵌板, 仪表板, 座谈小组, 全体陪审员
vt.嵌镶板

This ceiling has a carved panel.

这块天花板带有刻花镶板。

The panel was chosen to take part in discussion.

那个专门小组被选中参加讨论。
pants
n.裤子, 短裤

She wears the pants in her family.

她是家里掌权的人。

This sport jacket will match those pants nicely.

这件运动衫和那条短裤很相配。
paralysis
n.瘫痪, 麻痹
paramount
adj.极为重要的

This matter is of paramount importance.

此事至关重要。

The reduction of unemployment should be paramount.

降低失业率应是头等大事。
paraphrase
v.解释
n.解释
parasite
n.寄生虫, 食客

The mistletoe plant is a parasite on trees.

槲寄生是寄生在树上的植物。

Don't give money to him; he is a parasite.

别给他钱,他是个好吃懒做的人。
particle
n.粒子, 点, 极小量, 微粒, 质点, 小品词, 语气

We can see the dust particles floating in the sunlight clearly.

我们可以很清楚地看到阳光下的灰尘颗粒。

There wasn't a particle of truth in what he said.

他说的没有一点真话。
pasture
n.牧地, 草原, 牧场
v.放牧, 牧(牛、羊)等, 吃草

We have put our cattle out to pasture.

我们已经把牛放到牧场上吃草去了。

He's pasturing his cattle on the top meadow.

他正在高处的草地上放牛。
patent
n.专利权, 执照, 专利品
adj.特许的, 专利的, 显著的, 明白的, 新奇的
vt.取得...的专利权, 请准专利

It was patent to everyone that he disliked the idea.

每个人都看得出来他不喜欢这个主意。

The patent runs out in three years time.

这项专利期限为3 年。

He got a patent for this invention.

他获得了这项发明的专利权。
pathogen
n.[微生物]病菌, 病原体
patrol
v.出巡, 巡逻
n.巡逻
patron
n.(对某人, 某种目标, 艺术等)赞助人, 资助人

This store has many patrons.

这家商店有许多老顾客。

Modern artists have difficulty in finding patrons.

现代艺术家们很难找到赞助人。
patronage
n.保护人的身份, 保护, 赞助, 光顾

The theatre is under the patronage of the Arts Council.

那家剧院得到了艺术委员会的赞助。

We thank you for your patronage.

我们谢谢您的惠顾。
pebble
n.小圆石, 小鹅卵石

There are many pebbles on the riverbed.

河床上有很多卵石。
peculiarity
n.特性, 怪癖

These small spiced cakes are a peculiarity of the region.

这些别有风味的小蛋糕是该地的特产。

She has peculiarities on diet.

她有饮食方面的怪癖。
pendant
n.垂饰, 下垂物

My necklace has a heart pendant, but I don't wear it everyday.

我的项链有一个心形的垂饰,但我并非每天都戴他。
penetrate
vt.穿透, 渗透, 看穿, 洞察
vi.刺入, 看穿, 渗透, 弥漫
penetrating
adj.敏锐的, 明察秋毫的, (指声音、喊叫等)尖锐的
peninsula
n.半岛

Italy is a peninsula.

意大利是一个半岛。
perceive
vt.察觉
v.感知, 感到, 认识到

We perceived that we were unwelcome and left.

我们发觉自己不受欢迎,因此便离开了。
perception
n.理解
感知,感觉
DPS公司出的数字影像压缩卡

His analysis of the problem showed great perception.

他对该问题的分析显示出敏锐的洞察力。

My perception was the conditions had not changed.

我认为情况无变化。
perch
n.栖木, 人所居的高位, 有利的地位, 杆, 河鲈
v.(使)栖息, 就位, 位于

From our perch up there on top of the cliff we can see the whole town.

我们从悬崖顶上的高处能看到城市的全景。

The small village perched on a hill.

这个小村庄位于山上。

The bird perched on the electric wires.

鸟栖息在电线上。
percolate
n.滤过之液体, 滤液
v.过滤
percussion
打击乐器
peripheral
adj.外围的
n.外围设备
perishable
adj.容易腐烂的
permeate
vt.弥漫, 渗透, 透过, 充满
vi.透入
perpetuate
vt.使永存, 使不朽

These measures will perpetuate the hostility between the two groups.

采取这些措施势必使那两集团永远对立。

They decided to perpetuate the memory of their leader by erecting a statue.

他们为永远纪念那位领袖决定建一座雕像。
perplexing
adj.复杂的, 令人困惑的
persist
vi.坚持, 持续

If you persist in breaking the law you will go to prison.

如果你再继续违法的话,你会坐牢的。

The cold weather will persist for the rest of the week.

这种寒冷的天气将持续到本周末。
perspective
n.透视画法, 透视图, 远景, 前途, 观点, 看法, 观点, 观察

You must get the story in its right perspectives.

你必须正确地了解这件事。

Artists didn't understand perspective in those days.

在那个年代艺术家们不懂透视法。
pertinent
adj.有关的, 相干的, 中肯的
pest
n.有害物

Stores of grain are frequently attacked by pests.

储存的谷物经常受到害虫的破坏。

That child is an absolute pest!

那孩子讨厌极了
petal
n.花瓣

There are numerous petals under the tree.

树下有数不清的花瓣。
pigment
n.[生]色素, 颜料

They used only natural pigments to dye the wool.

他们只用天然颜料染毛织品。

I have mixed pigment with oil.

我已经把颜料和油混合起来了。
pillow
n.枕头, 枕垫

I want to consult with my pillow before I take a decision.

在我做出决定前,我要好好考虑一下。

Her arm pillowed the sleeping child.

熟睡的孩子枕着她的手臂。
pine
n.松树, 树木
v.消瘦, 憔悴, 渴望, 渴慕

There is a pine forest near our house.

我们家附近有片松树林。

He pined away after his daughter died.

他的女儿死后,他逐渐变得憔悴了。

They were pining for their homeland in Asia.

他们思念着在亚洲的故乡。
pit
n.深坑, 深渊, 陷阱, (物体或人体表面上的)凹陷, (英国剧场的)正厅后排、正厅后排的观众
vt.窖藏, 使凹下, 去...之核, 使留疤痕, 使竞争
vi.起凹点, 凹陷

The children were playing in the sand pit.

孩子们在沙坑中玩耍。

The ground was pitted by the heavy rain.

大雨使场地变得坑坑洼洼。
pivotal
adj.枢轴的, 关键的
plank
n.厚木板, 支架, (政党的)政纲条款
vt.铺板, 立刻付款
vi.睡在板上

The deck of the sailing ship was made of thick planks.

这艘帆船的甲板是用厚木板制作的。
plaster
n.石膏, 灰泥, 膏药, 橡皮膏
vt.涂以灰泥, 敷以膏药, 减轻, 粘贴, 重创

The doctor had to hold his broken arm with a plaster cast.

医生不得不用石膏绷带来固定他断了的胳膊。
plate
n.盘子, 金属板, 图版, 金银餐具
vt.镀(金, 银等), 电镀, 给...装钢板

His plate was piled high with rice.

他的盘子里盛满了米饭。

The doctor inserted a steel plate into his damaged leg.

医生在他受伤的腿中植入了一块钢板。

This basin is only plate so it's not very valuable.

这个盆子是镀金金属的,所以不太值钱。
platitude
n.陈词滥调
platitudinous
adj.平凡的, 陈腐的
pliable
adj.易曲折的, 柔软的, 圆滑的, 柔韧的
plight
n.情况, 状态, 困境, 盟誓(婚姻)
vt.保证, 约定

The poor girl was in a terrible plight.

这个可怜的女孩处境极其恶劣。

She plighted herself to him.

她和他订婚了。
plumbing
n.铅工业, 铅管品制造
poisonous
adj.有毒的

Some plants have poisonous berries.

有些植物的浆果有毒。

She gave him a poisonous look.

她恶狠狠地瞪了他一眼。
polarize
v.(使)偏振, (使)极化, (使)两极分化
pollen
n.花粉
vt.传授花粉给

There is a high pollen count in the air.

空气中有很高的花粉计数。
pollination
n.授粉
pollutant
n.污染物质
portable
adj.轻便的, 手提(式)的, 便携式的

Portable telephones are very popular nowadays.

现今,移动电话非常普及。

The documents have been typed into a portable computer.

文件已经被输入到一台便携式电脑里了。
portend
v.预示

His silence portends trouble.

他沉默不语不是好兆头。

It portends we are in danger.

这预示我们陷入危险。
portion
n.一部分, 一分

The driver must bear a portion of the blame for the accident.

司机应该对这场车祸负部分责任。

You may find the information you need in the first portion of the book.

你可以在这本书的第一部分找到你要的资料。

Sorrow has always been her portion.

她的命运一直与悲哀相连。
positive
adj.肯定的, 实际的, 积极的, 绝对的, 确实的
adj.[数]正的
adj.[电]阳的
adj.[语法] 原级的

There is positive proof that he did it.

有确切的证据证明他做了此事。

He was positive that he had seen it in the newspaper.

他肯定他已在报纸上看见过。

This charge is a positive charge.

这个电荷是正电荷。
possess
vt.占有, 拥有, 持有, 摆布, 支配

The police asked me if I possessed a gun.

警察问我是否有枪。

I don't know what possessed him to drive so fast down that busy street.

我不知道他着了什么魔,在那条热闹的街上把车子开得这么快。
possession
n.拥有, 占有, 所有, 着迷, 领土, 领地, 财产(常用复数), 自制

He was found in possession of dangerous drugs.

她被发现藏有危险物品。

According to facts in my possession he can not possibly be guilty.

根据我所掌握的事实,他是不可能有罪的。

The people had to gather up their few possessions and escaped abroad.

人们不得不收拾起仅有的一点财物逃到国外去。
postal service
邮电业
postdate
vt.填迟...的日期
n.事后日期
posthumous
adj.死后的, 身后的, 作者死后出版的, 遗腹的
potential
adj.潜在的, 可能的, 势的, 位的
n.潜能, 潜力, 电压

Education develops potential abilities.

教育能开发人的潜能。

He hasn't realized his full potential yet.

他还没有意识到他的全部潜能。
pottery
n.陶器, 陶器场

Modern pottery is usually ornamental.

现代陶器通常用作装饰品。
poverty
n.贫穷, 贫困, 贫乏, 缺少

The man lived in poverty after his unemployment.

这人失业后就生活在贫困之中。
prairie
n.大草原, 牧场, <美方>林间小空地

Have you been to the prairies in North America?

你去过北美洲的大草原吗?
precarious
adj.不稳定的

She makes a rather precarious living as a novelist.

作为小说家,她过着不太稳定的生活.

He was unable to get down from his precarious position on the rocks.

他无法从岩石危险的位置上下来。

Our financial situation is still precarious if we postpone the release of the new product.

如果我们推迟发布新产品的话,我们的财政状况仍然岌岌可危。
precede
v.领先(于), 在...之前, 先于

He came in, preceded by his wife.

他和他的妻子一前一后地走了进来。

He preceded his speech with a few words of welcome the special guests.

他在演讲之前先说了几句对特邀来宾表示欢迎的话。
precipitate
n.沉淀物
vt.猛抛, 使陷入, 促成, 使沉淀
vi.猛地落下
adj.突如其来的, 陡然下降(或下落)的, 贸然轻率的

Fears about the solvency of the banks precipitated the great economic crash.

对银行偿付能力出现恐慌更加速了经济的崩溃。

The cart overturned and precipitated us to the ditch.

车子翻了,我们被摔进了沟里。

They acted with precipitate haste.

他们鲁莽仓促地采取了行动。
precipitation
n.仓促

There will be precipitation on northern hills tonight.

今夜北部山区有降雪。
precursor
n.先驱
predator
n.掠夺者, 食肉动物
predatory
adj.掠夺的, 食肉的
predecessor
n.前辈, 前任, (被取代的)原有事物

Our new doctor is much younger than his predecessor.

我们新来的医生比他的前任年轻许多。
predominate
vt.掌握, 控制, 支配
vi.统治, 成为主流, 支配, 占优势
preeminent
adj.卓越的
prehistoric
adj.史前的, 陈旧的
preponderance
n.优势, 占优势
prerequisite
n.先决条件
adj.首要必备的
presence
n.出席, 到场, 存在

She was so quiet that her presence was hardly noticed.

她那么安静,几乎没有人注意到她在这里。

He advocated the withdrawal of the American presence in Lebanon.

他主张美国人应该从黎巴嫩撤走。

Since she joined the team last season she has made her presence felt.

自从上个赛季加入这个队以来,她就使人感到她是个举足轻重的队员。
preservation
n.保存

The aim of the policy is the preservation of peace.

这一政策旨在维护和平。

The paintings were in an excellent state of preservation.

这些画保存的非常好。
preservative
n.防腐剂
preside over
v.负责, 主持
prestige
n.声望, 威望, 威信
pretension
n.借口, 要求, 主张, 自负, 骄傲

His social pretensions make him appear ridiculous.

他冒充上流社会人士而出尽洋相。

He has no pretensions to being an expert on the subject.

他并不以这方面专家自居。
prevail
vi.流行, 盛行, 获胜, 成功

Sadness prevailed in our mind.

我们的心中充满悲痛,

Misty weather prevails in this part of the country.

该国的这一地区天气多雾。
prevailing
adj.占优势的, 主要的, 流行的
prey
n.被掠食者, 牺牲者, 掠食
vi.捕食, 掠夺, 折磨

Strong animals prey upon weaker ones.

弱肉强食。

Cares preyed upon her health.

忧虑损害了她的健康。

The lion seized its prey and ate it.

狮子抓住猎物,把它吃了。
primal
adj.最初的
primarily
adv.首先, 起初, 主要地, 根本上

This building was primarily intended to be a dinning hall.

这座建筑原来是打算用作餐厅的。

Most linguists would say they were concerned primarily with the structure of languages.

大多数语言学家都会说,他们主要研究各种语言的结构。
primate
n.首领, 大主教, 灵长类的动物
prime
n.最初, 青春, 精华
adj.主要的, 最初的, 有青春活力的, 最好的, 第一流的, 根本的, [数]素数的
v.预先准备好, <口>让人吃(喝)足, 灌注, 填装

What was said was of prime importance.

说过的那件事是很重要的。

He makes it his prime care.

他极为重视这件事。
primitive
adj.原始的, 远古的, 粗糙的, 简单的

Primitive man made himself primitive tools from sharp stones and animal bones.

原始人用尖石块和兽骨为自己制作原始的工具。

Small seashells were often used as a primitive kind of money.

小贝壳常被用作简单的货币。
priority
n.先, 前, 优先, 优先权
privilege
n.特权, 特别待遇, 基本公民权力, 特免
vt.给与...特权, 特免

It was a privilege to work with him.

和他在一起工作是一项殊荣。
probe
n.探针, 探测器
vt.(以探针等)探查, 查明

Information about Venus obtained by Russian probes has been published on some magazines.

许多杂志发表了由俄国航天探测器获得的有关金星的信息。

The journalist was probing into several financial scandals.

那记者正在调查几起财务丑闻。

He probed the mud with a stick, looking for the ring he had dropped.

他用树枝在泥里探寻,想找回丢失的戒指。
proceed
vi.进行, 继续下去, 发生

The work is proceeding according to plan.

工作正按计划进行。

He paused to consult his notes, and then proceeded with his questions.

他停下来看了看笔记,然后继续提问。
process
n.过程, 作用, 方法, 程序, 步骤, 进行, 推移
vt.加工, 处理

Producing a dictionary is a slow process.

编成一本字典是一个缓慢的过程。
proclaim
vt.宣布, 声明, 显示, 显露

The president proclaimed that a new currency would be issued.

总统宣布将发行新货币。

His accent proclaimed that he was an American.

他的口音表明他是一个美国人。
proclivity
n.倾向
prodigious
adj.巨大的

We are all overwhelmed by his prodigious memory.

我们都被他那惊人的记忆力折服了。
prodigy
n.惊人的事物, 天才(特指神童), 奇观, 奇事
produce
n.产物, 农产品
vt.提出, 出示, 生产, 制造, 结(果实), 引起, 招致, 创作

This tree produces rubber.

这些树生产橡胶。

She can produce delicious meal from very simple ingredients.

她能用简单配料烹调出美味的饭菜。

Female sheep produce one or two lambs at a time.

母羊一次生一到两只羊羔。
proficiency
n.熟练, 精通, 熟练程度
profile
n.剖面, 侧面, 外形, 轮廓

I photographed him in profile.

我从侧面给他拍照。

The government is trying to keep a low profile on this issue.

政府力图在这个问题上保持低姿态。

My boss asked me to write a profile for the new tennis champion.

我上司让我给这位新网球冠军写篇小传。
proliferation
n.增殖, 分芽繁殖
prolific
adj.多产的, 丰富的, 大量繁殖的

Last year was a prolific period in the composer's life.

去年是作曲家一生中创作丰收的时期。

Apple trees are prolific.

苹果树是多产植物。
prominence
n.突出, 显著, 突出物
prominent
adj.卓越的, 显著的, 突出的

The house is in a prominent position on the village green.

这间屋子在村子的中心草地上,处于引人注目的位置。

Einstein was a prominent scientist.

爱因斯坦是一位卓越的科学家。
promising
adj.有希望的, 有前途的

The newspapers described her as a promising young singer.

报纸上将她称为大有前途的青年歌手。
promote
vt.促进, 发扬, 提升, 提拔, 晋升为

The young army officer was promoted to the rank of captain.

这个年轻军官被提升为上尉。

After this win, Manchester United was promoted to the First Division.

这次踢赢之后,曼彻斯特联队升入了甲级。

Exercise promotes health.

锻炼可增进健康。
pronounced
adj.讲出来的, 显著的, 断然的, 明确的
proper
adj.适当的, 正确的, 固有的, 特有的, 有礼貌的, 正当的, 严格意义上的, 彻底的

The pages aren't in proper order.

这些页数次序不对。

His mother has trained him to be a very proper young man.

他的母亲已经把他训练成循规蹈矩的人。
property
n.财产, 所有物, 所有权, 性质, 特性, (小)道具

The police found some stolen property in the thief's house.

警察在小偷的家里发现了一些被盗的财物。

The city is developing rapidly and property in the center is becoming more expensive.

这个城市在飞速发展,市中心的房地产价格越来越贵。

Many plants have medicinal properties.

许多植物具有医药性能。
proponent
n.建议者, 支持者, [律]提出认证遗嘱者
proportion
n.比例, 均衡, 面积, 部分
vt.使成比例, 使均衡, 分摊

This painting lacks proportion.

这幅画比例失调。

We are trying to reduce the problem to manageable proportions.

我们正努力把问题缩小到可以控制的范围内。
proprietorship
n.所有权
propulsion
n.推进, 推进力

This aircraft works by jet propulsion.

这架飞机是喷气推进的。
prospect
n.景色, 前景, 前途, 期望
vi.寻找, 勘探

This experience opened a new prospect in his mind.

这一经验为他的思想开阔了新的视野。

A rich harvest is in prospect.

丰收在望。
prosper
v.成功, 兴隆, 昌盛, (指上帝)使成功, 使昌隆, 繁荣

The farm prospered through good management.

由于管理有方,农场兴旺发达。

Is your son prospering?

你儿子凡事顺遂吗?
prosperous
adj.繁荣的

His business is prosperous.

他的事业兴旺发达。
protectionist
n.保护贸易论者
adj.保护贸易论的
protein
n.[生化]蛋白质
adj.蛋白质的

You should eat more high-protein diet.

你应该多吃些高蛋白食物。
prototype
n.原型
provincialism
n.地方风尚
provocative
adj.煽动的
n.刺激物
prudent
adj.谨慎的

We should be modest and prudent.

我们应该谦虚谨慎。

He is a prudent businessman.

他是个精明的商人。
publicize
v.宣扬
pueblo
n.印第安人村庄
punch
n.冲压机, 冲床, 打孔机
vt.冲孔, 打孔

He punched the policeman on the nose and was arrested.

他猛击那个警察的鼻子, 结果被逮捕了。

The conductor punched his bus ticket.

售票员用剪票夹在他的汽车票上打孔。

They cut holes on the sheet of metal with a punch press.

他们用冲床在金属板上打孔。
puncture
n.小孔
v.刺破
purification
n.净化

Purification of water may be achieved by distillation.

水的净化可由蒸馏获得。

Reading a good book may bring purification to souls.

读一本好书可以带来心灵的净化。
pyramid
n.角锥、棱椎, 金字塔, 叠罗汉
v.(使)成金字塔状, (使)渐增, (使)上涨

Egypt is famous for its grand pyramids.

埃及以巨大的金字塔闻名。

A pyramid of stones marked the spot.

那地点用一堆堆成金字塔形状的石头作了标记。
quaint
adj.离奇有趣的, 奇怪的, 做得很精巧的

What a quaint little building!

多么古雅的一座小房子啊!
qualification
n.资格, 条件, 限制, 限定, 赋予资格

He's got all the right qualifications but is temperamentally unsuitable.

他具备一切合格的条件,惟独性情不适合。

What sort of qualifications do you need for the job?

做这项工作需要什么资格?

I can recommend him without qualification.

我可以毫无保留地推荐他。
quarry
n.采石场, (知识、消息等的)来源
vt.挖出, 苦心找出
vi.费力地找

Detectives kept the quarry under surveillance for weeks.

侦探们监测那个目标已有好几个星期了。

They are quarrying in old manuscripts.

他们正在旧手稿中寻找资料。
quench
vt.结束, 熄灭,淬火
vi.熄灭, 平息

Water will quench a fire.

水可以灭火。

Hot steel is quenched to harden it.

烧热的钢淬火使它坚硬。
quest
n.寻求

The quest for gold was difficult.

寻找金矿是很困难的。

The lawyer was on a quest for further evidence.

律师正在到处找寻更多的证据。
quiescent
adj.静止的
quilt
n.棉被
vt.制成棉被, 摘录,编辑
vi.缝被子

He bought a heavy quilt for the winter.

他买了一床厚被子过冬
radar
n.雷达, 电波探测器

The watchtower followed the aircraft by radar.

了望塔通过雷达追踪这架飞机的飞行。
radiation
n.发散, 发光, 发热, 辐射, 放射, 放射线, 放射物
radius
n.半径, 范围, 辐射光线, 有效航程, 范围, 界限

The police searched all the woods within a six-mile radius.

警察搜索了在周围六英里以内的树林各处。

We can compute the circular area with radius.

我们能用半径计算出圆的面积。
raft
n.筏, 救生艇, 橡皮船, 大量
vi.乘筏
vt.筏运, 制成筏

We found the shipwrecked sailors on a raft.

我们在一个木筏子上找到了失事船只的船员。
ragtime
n.拉格泰姆音乐(1890-1915期间在美国流行的一种音乐)
adj.使人发笑的, 滑稽的
rally
v.重整旗鼓, 给予新力量, (使)恢复健康, 力量, 决心, 集结
n.集会

They rallied to their leader's cause.

他们团结一致支持领袖的事业。

Her spirits rallied on hearing the good news.

她听到这个好消息精神又振作起来。

They will hold a peace rally.

他们要举行一个拥护和平的大会。
rampant
adj.猖獗的, 蔓生的, 猛烈的, 狂暴的, 跛拱的
rancher
n.<美>牧场(或农场)主, 农场工人, 牧童, 牛仔
range
n.山脉, 行列, 范围, 射程
vt.排列, 归类于, 使并列, 放牧
vi.平行, 延伸, 漫游

The children's ages range from 8 to 15.

这些孩子们的年龄在8 岁到15岁之间。

Our conversation ranged over many topics.

我们的谈话涉及很多话题。

Several cars are available within this price range.

在这个价格范围内,有好几种汽车可供选购。
rarefy
v.稀薄
ration
n.定量, 配给量, 定量配给
v.配给, 分发, 实行定量配给

The soldiers were given their rations of food.

士兵们分得了他们的给养口粮。

They had to ration petrol during the war.

战时他们不得不限量供给汽油。

We were rationed to two eggs a week.

每周配给我们两个鸡蛋。
rattlesnake
n.<美>[动]响尾蛇
raven
n.大乌鸦, 掠夺
adj.乌黑的
v.掠夺, 狼吞虎咽

The lion was ravening the prey.

那只狮子在贪婪地吞食着捕获的猎物。
readjust
vt.重新调整, 再调整
realm
n.领域

The spy was expelled from the realm.

这名间谍被驱逐出境。
rear
n.后面, 背后, 后方, 屁股
adj.后面的, 背面的, 后方的
vt.培养, 饲养, 举起, 树立, 栽种
vi.高耸, 暴跳, 用后腿站起

The engine of this bus is in the rear.

这辆公共汽车的发动机在后面。

I got a flat tire of the rear wheel of my bicycle.

我自行车的后轮车胎没气了。
rebellion
n.谋反, 叛乱, 反抗, 不服从

He faces a growing rebellion from the left wing of his party.

他面对着党内左翼日益增强的反对势力。
receptacle
n.容器, [植]花托, [电工]插座

Please find me a receptacle for sugar.

请给我找一个放糖的容器。
receptor
n.接受器, 感受器, 受体
recipe
n.处方

He knows the recipe for this dish.

他知道这道菜的烹饪方法。

What's your recipe for success?

你取得成功有什么窍门?
recipient
adj.容易接受的, 感受性强的
n.容纳者, 容器
recognize
vt.认可, 承认, 公认, 赏识
vi.具结

Can you recognize her from this picture?

你能从这张照片中认出她吗?

His thorough knowledge and competence were recognized.

他的渊博的学识和工作能力得到了承认。
reconstruct
v.重建, 改造, 推想
reconstruction
n.重建, 改造

Reconstruction of that building is impossible.

再重建这座建筑物是不可能的。

I have a plan for the reconstruction of the city centre.

我有一个重建城市中心的计划。
recreation
n.消遣, 娱乐

His only recreations are drinking beer and working in the garden.

他仅有的消遣是喝啤酒和在花园里种花草。
rectangle
n.长方形, 矩形

This room is a rectangle.

这间屋子是长方形的。
rectangular
adj.矩形的, 成直角的

I put a rectangular box on the table.

我把一个长方形的盒子放在桌子上。
recycle
v.使再循环, 反复应用
n.再循环, 再生, 重复利用
redirect
vt.(信件)重寄, 使改道, 使改变方向
reed
n.芦苇, 芦笛, 簧片, 管乐器

There are some reeds in the pond.

池塘里有些芦苇。
refine
vt.精炼, 精制, 使文雅高尚

The oil will be refined.

这些石油将被精炼。
refinement
n.精致, (言谈, 举止等的)文雅, 精巧

Her mother is a woman with great refinement.

她母亲是一个非常文雅的女人。

The new car has many added refinements such as air-conditioning and anti- blocking brakes.

这辆新车有许多精巧的附加装置,如空调和防抱死装置。
reflection
n.反射, 映象, 倒影, 反省, 沉思, 反映

The cat felt curious when she saw her own reflection in the mirror.

小猫看到自己在镜子中的倒影,感到很好奇。

On further reflection she saw her mistake.

进一步细想后,她明白了自己的错误。

This is a reflection upon your honor.

这对你的名誉是一个损害。
refraction
n.折光, 折射
refreshing
adj.提神的, 凉爽的, 使人喜欢的
refreshment
n.点心, 饮料, 精力恢复, 爽快

They came into the room for some refreshment.

他们进屋吃点东西。
refrigerate
vt.使冷却, 使变冷, 使清凉, 冷藏
regenerate
vt.使新生, 重建, 改革, 革新
vi.新生, 再生, 起革新作用
adj.新生的, 更新的
regime
n.政体, 政权, 政权制度

Things will change under the new regime.

在新政权下,事情将会发生变化。
regimentation
n.管辖
regulate
vt.管制, 控制, 调节, 校准

Accidents sometimes happen even in the best regulated families.

即便是在管理最好的家庭,事故有时也会发生的。

Your watch is always slow; it needs to be regulated.

你的手表总是慢,需要校准一下。
regulatory
adj.调整的
rehabilitate
v.使(身体)康复, 使复职, 使恢复名誉, 使复原
reigning
adj.统治的,在位的, 本届的, 起支配作用的
reject
n.被拒之人, 被弃之物, 不合格品, 落选者, 不及格者
vt.拒绝, 抵制, 否决, 呕出, 驳回, 丢弃

He rejected their offer of a job.

他拒绝了他们给他的工作。

The supermarket rejected all spotted apples.

超级市场丢弃了所有的烂苹果。

The factory sells some of its better rejects cheaply, but it throws most of the rejects away.

这家公司廉价出售略好一些的次品,但将大多数次品丢弃。
release
n.释放, 让渡, 豁免, 发行的书, 释放证书
vt.释放, 解放, 放弃, 让与, 免除, 发表
n.版本, 发布

He was released from prison after serving his sentence.

他刑满获释。

The new film will be released next month.

这部新的电影下个月发行。
remainder
n.残余, 剩余物, 其他的人, [数]余数
v.廉价出售
adj.剩余的, 出售剩书的

He spent the remainder of his life in the country.

他在乡村度过余生。

Nine people came in and the reminder stayed outside.

9 个人进来,余下的人留在外面。
render
vt.呈递, 归还, 着色, 汇报, 致使, 放弃, 表演, 实施
vi.给予补偿
n.交纳, 粉刷, 打底

His fatness renders him unable to bend down.

他太胖了,以致于弯不下腰。

You've rendered me a service.

你帮了我的忙。

She rendered the song beautifully.

这首歌她演唱得很美。
renounce
v.断绝关系

He renounced his claim to the property.

他放弃了对财产的要求。

He renounced his religion and became a Muslim.

他宣布脱离他原来的宗教而成为了一名穆斯林教徒。
rent
v.租, 租借, 出租
n.租金

They let the house to me at a rent of 100 dollars a month.

他们把房子租给我,每月租金一百美元。

I rent a room from her.

我向她租了一个房间。

She rents out rooms to students.

她出租房间给学生住。