Preventing Falls Within Acute Rehab Unit : Safe Patient Discharge
Introduction of Concept
Preventing falls of all patients is the first priority of acute rehab unit. Stroke and traumatic brain injury patients are at higher risk due to cognitive impairment and weakness on the affected side after the stroke and fall. Patients forget their limitation of mobility and try to move independently without realizing their weakness after the stroke and ends up in falling and suffer more injury. Patients’ safety is the highest priority. Joint Commission’s National Patient Safety Goal 2009, ‘Fall Reduction Program’ (2014) stated every health care organization’s fall prevention program is expected to include all patient care settings and populations. According to CDC report, “Over 700,000 patients a year are hospitalized because of a fall injury, most often because of a broken hip or head injury” (CDC, 2013). CDC’s Injury Center has created a tool kit, called STEADI (Stopping Elderly Accidents Deaths and Injuries). It is an algorithm for fall risk assessment and interventions, designed for the health care providers to assess the risk of fall among people aged 65 years and older.
Falls in the hospital is the major problem that put patient- safety into a risk. According to Joint Commission’s Sentinel Event Alert, “Every year in the United States, hundreds of thousands of patients fall in hospitals, with 30-50 percent resulting injury” (2015). Majority of these falls are…