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410 Cards in this Set

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deliberate
adj.深思熟虑的, 故意的, 预有准备的
v.商讨

He entered the room with deliberate steps.

他从容不迫地走进室内。

He told us a deliberate lie.

他存心说谎。
delicate
adj.精巧的, 精致的, 病弱的, 脆弱的, 微妙的, 棘手的, 灵敏的, 精密的

The international situation is very delicate at present.

目前的国际形势极其微妙。

The scientist needs some delicate instruments.

这位科学家需要一些精密的仪器。
delta
n.三角州, 德耳塔(希腊字母的第四个字)

There are fertile fields in the Nile Delta.

尼罗河三角洲土地肥沃。
demobilize
v.复员
demolish
vt.毁坏, 破坏, 推翻, 粉碎

They have demolished the slum district.

贫民区已被拆除。

Her article brilliantly demolishes his argument.

她的文章精辟地批驳了他的论点。
dense
adj.密集的, 浓厚的

I can't see anything in this dense mist.

这样的浓雾里,我什么也看不见。

One or two of the students in my class are a bit dense.

我班上有一两个学生有点迟钝。
density
n.密度

The density of water is 1.

水的密度是1 。

The density of population in this city is very high.

这个城市的人口密度非常高。
depict
vt.描述, 描写

It's a picture depicting him as a clown.

这是一幅把他画成小丑的画。

Her novel depicts life in modern London.

她的小说描写的是伦敦现代的生活。

This painting depicts the birth of Venus.

这幅画描绘的是维纳斯的诞生。

The book depicts him as a rather unpleasant character.

这本书把他刻画成一个相当令人讨厌的人物。
deplete
vt.耗尽, 使衰竭
deposit
n.堆积物, 沉淀物, 存款, 押金, 保证金, 存放物
vt.存放, 堆积
vi.沉淀

He deposited the case in the left luggage office.

他把箱子放在行李寄存处。

He deposits a sum of money in the bank each month.

他每月在银行存一笔钱。
depredation
n.掠夺, 破坏痕迹
depression
n.沮丧, 消沉, 低气压, 低压

He suffers from acute depression.

他患有严重的抑郁症。

A depression over the Atlantic usually brings bad weather in Britain.

大西洋上空的低气压通常给英国带来恶劣的天气。
derive
vt.得自
vi.起源
desalination
n.减少盐分, 脱盐作用
descend
vi.下来, 下降, 遗传(指财产,气质,权利), 突击, 出其不意的拜访
v.下去

The sun descended behind the hills.

太阳下山了。

I didn't expect him to descend to personal abuse.

我没料到他会堕落到对我进行人身攻击的地步。

Armed thieves descended on the helpless travelers.

一群武装盗贼袭击了无依无靠的旅客。
descendant
n.子孙, 后裔, 后代

He is a descendant of Queen Victoria.

他是维多利亚女王的后裔。
descent
n.降下, 降落, 世系, 血统, 侵袭

There was a descent of temperature after rain.

雨后气温下降了。

The descent down the mountain took nearly two hours.

下山差不多花了两个小时。
designate
vt.指明, 指出, 任命, 指派
v.指定, 指派

She was designated sportswoman of the year.

她被指定为本年度的体坛明星。

The town has been designated a development area.

该城市已被定为开发区。

The chairman has designated that boy as his successor.

主席已经指定那个男孩作他的继承人。
desirable
adj.值得要的, 合意的, 令人想要的, 悦人心意的

It isn't really desirable to have him working here.

让他在这里工作其实并不必要。
desperate
adj.不顾一切的, 拚死的, 令人绝望的
destruction
n.破坏, 毁灭

It will cause pollution and the destruction of our seas and oceans.

这会引起污染,破坏我们的海洋和江河。
detect
vt.察觉, 发觉, 侦查, 探测
v.发现

I seemed to detect some anger in his voice.

我似乎在他的声音中听出一些怒气。

Small quantities of poison were detected in the dead man's stomach.

在死者胃中找到了少量的毒药。
detectable
adj.可发觉的, 可看穿的
deter
v.阻止
deteriorate
v.(使)恶化
determinant
adj.决定性的
deterrent
n.威慑
devastate
vt.毁坏

Our Embassy was devastated by three bombs of NATO.

我们的使馆被北约的三枚炸弹炸毁了。

She was devastated by his death.

她因他去世而悲痛欲绝。

I was devastated by the news of the wreck.

我获悉失事的消息感到十分震惊。
devastation
n.毁坏
device
n.装置, 设计, 图案, 策略, 发明物, 设备
[计]安装设备驱动程序

They use television advertising as a device for stimulating demand.

他们利用电视广告作为刺激需求的方法。
devour
vt.(尤指动物)吞吃, 狼吞虎咽, 挥霍, (火灾等)毁灭, 破坏, 吞没, 贪看, 贪听

He sat by the fire, devouring beef and onions.

他坐在火炉旁,狼吞虎咽地吃着牛肉和洋葱。

The child devours fairy tales.

这孩子专注地听着童话故事。

The flames devoured the entire building.

火焰吞没了整栋大楼。
diagonal
adj.斜的, 斜纹的, 对角线的
n.对角线, 斜纹织物

The wood surface of the furniture is full of diagonal stripes.

这件家具的木头表面上布满了斜纹。
diagonally
adv.对角地
diameter
n.直径

The diameter of the tree-trunk is about 2 meters.

这树干的直径大约是2 米。

This lens can magnify 20 diameter.

这个透镜能放大20倍。
dictate
v.口述, 口授, 使听写, 指令, 指示, 命令, 规定
n.指示(指理智,变心)

He was dictating a letter to his secretary.

他在向秘书口授信稿。

The teacher dictated a passage to the class.

老师给全班同学听写一段文章。

I will not be dictated to.

我不愿受人摆布。
diction
n.措辞, 用语, 言语
differentiate
v.区别, 区分
diffuse
v.散播, 传播, 漫射, 扩散, (使)慢慢混合
adj.散开的, 弥漫的

Fashion trends diffuse themselves rapidly around the globe.

时装新潮很快就在全世界流行起来。

The light was diffused by the leaves.

树叶使光线漫射。
digest
n.分类, 摘要
vi.消化
vt.消化, 融会贯通

This rich food doesn't digest easily.

这种油腻的食物不易消化。

It took me some time to digest what I had heard.

我花了一些时间才把听到的东西弄明白。
digression
n.离题, 脱轨, 扯到枝节上
dilution
n.稀释, 稀释法,冲淡物
diminish
v.(使)减少, (使)变小

His illness diminished his health.

疾病侵蚀了他的健康。

He likes to diminish the skills of others.

他喜欢贬低别人的技能。

As he turned the knob, the sound diminished.

他一转旋钮,声音就变小了。
dinosaur
n.恐龙

His movie of the extinction of dinosaurs was a great success.

他的关于恐龙灭绝的电影取得了巨大的成功。
discard
vt.丢弃, 抛弃
v.放弃

He discarded his winter clothing.

他把冬天穿的衣服都脱掉了。

History discarded him.

他被历史所抛弃。

You've got to discard before you can pick up another card.

你得先打出一张牌,才能拿另一张牌。
discern
v.目睹, 认识, 洞悉, 辨别, 看清楚

He was just able to discern the road from the dark.

他在黑暗中只能勉强辨认出道路。

I soon discerned that the man was lying.

我马上察觉出那人在撒谎。
discharge
vt.卸下, 放出, 清偿(债务), 履行(义务), 解雇, 开(炮), 放(枪), 射(箭)
vi.卸货, 流注
n.卸货, 流出, 放电

The judge discharged the prisoner.

法官把囚犯释放了。

They discharged their arrows at the enemy.

他们把箭射向敌人。

How long will the discharge of the cargo take?

卸货需要多久?
discipline
n.纪律, 学科
v.训练

The teacher can't keep discipline in her class.

那位老师无法维持教室纪律。

A little discipline would do him a world of good.

稍微处分他一下会对他大有好处。

She never disciplines her children and they are uncontrollable.

她从不管教自己的孩子,弄得他们无法无天。

His army is a very disciplined force.

他的军队是一支训练有素的队伍。
discouraging
adj.令人气馁的
discourse
n.演讲, 论述, 论文, 讲道, 谈话, 谈论
vi.谈论, 演说

They listened to his discourse on human relations.

他们听他作关于人际关系的演讲。

The judges had solemn discourse together.

法官们在一起严肃地交谈。

He discoursed impressively on Newton's theory of gravity.

他讲述了牛顿的引力定律,给人以深刻的印象。
discrete
adj.不连续的, 离散的
disintegrate
vt.(使)分解, (使)碎裂
dispense
vt.分发, 分配

The doctor dispensed a prescription to his patient.

医生开处方给病人配药。

She cannot dispense with a servant.

她不能没有佣人。
disperse
v.(使)分散, (使)散开, 疏散

The wind dispersed the cloud from the sky.

风吹散了天上的云。

The police dispersed the crowd.

警方驱散群众。
disposal
n.处理, 处置, 布置, 安排, 配置, 支配

He has a large number of reference books at his disposal.

他有大量的参考书可供使用。

We placed everything at his disposal.

我们把一切事情都交给他处理。
disproportionate
adj.不成比例
disrepute
n.坏名声, 无信誉, 不光彩
disseminate
v.散布
dissipate
v.驱散, (使)(云、雾、疑虑等)消散, 浪费(金钱或时间)

He soon dissipated his fortune.

他很快就把财产浪费光了。

The sun dissipated the mist.

太阳驱散了雾。
dissolve
v.溶解, 解散

The parliament was dissolved.

议会解散了。

Ice dissolved in the warm weather.

冰在温暖的天气中溶化了。
distend
v.(使)扩大, (使)扩张
distinct
adj.清楚的, 明显的, 截然不同的, 独特的

Those two ideas are quite distinct from each other.

这两种观点截然不同。

There is a distinct posibility that she'll be your teacher next term.

她下学期当你们的老师的可能性非常大。
distinction
n.区别, 差别, 级别, 特性, 声望, 显赫

We should make a distinction between right and wrong.

我们应该分清是非。

He passed the examination with distinction.

他以优异成绩通过考试。
distinctive
adj.与众不同的, 有特色的

Soldiers wear a distinctive uniform.

士兵们穿着特制的制服。

This is a distinctive room.

这是一间独具一格的房间。
distinctively
adv.区别地, 特殊地
distinctly
adv.清楚地, 显然
distort
vt.弄歪(嘴脸等), 扭曲, 歪曲(真理、事实等), 误报

You have distorted my motives.

你曲解了我的动机。

The reporter distorted the facts.

记者们歪曲了事实。

The government was accused of having systematically distorted the protester's case.

政府因为有计划地歪曲抗议者的观点而受到责难。
distract
v.转移
distribute
vt.分发, 分配, 散布, 分布, 分类, 分区
v.分发

Some types of plants are widely distributed.

有些植物分布得很广。

The books in the library were distributed according to subjects.

图书馆里的藏书按科目分类。

The mother distributed candy among children.

母亲给孩子们发糖果。
distribution
n.分配, 分发, 配给物, 销售, 法院对无遗嘱死亡者财产的分配, 分布状态, 区分, 分类
发送,发行

The distribution of the magazine is 2000.

该杂志的销售量为2000份。

They could not agree about the distribution of the profits.

他们对于利润的分配意见不一致。
diver
n.潜水者

The young diver is working under the water with a diving suit.

潜水员穿着潜水衣正在水下工作。
divergence
n.分歧
diverse
adj.不同的, 变化多的

The program deals with subjects as diverse as pop music and Beijing Opera.

节目涉及从流行音乐到京剧这样形形色色的题材。

They are the people from diverse cultures.

他们是些有着不同文化背景的人。

Her interests are very diverse.

她的兴趣非常广泛。
diversification
n.变化, 多样化
diversified
adj.多变化的, 各种的
diversion
n.转移, 转换, 牵制, 解闷, 娱乐

Chess is his favorite diversion.

象棋是他最喜欢的娱乐活动.

I think your last argument was a diversion to make us forget the main point.

我认为你最后的那个论点是在转移目标,以便我们忘掉要点。
diversity
n.差异, 多样性

We should get a thorough understanding about the cultural diversity of the United States.

我们应该对美国文化的多样性有一个全面的了解。
documentation
n.文件
dogma
n.教条
dolphin
n.海豚

We like to see the performance of dolphins.

我们喜欢看海豚的表演。
Domains
[计] 域,为便于管理,Internet用户按域划分
domestic
adj.家庭的, 国内的, 与人共处的, 驯服的

The newspaper provides more foreign news than domestic news.

这家报纸刊登的国外消息多于国内消息。

He has had many domestic troubles.

他有许多家庭纠纷。
dominant
adj.有统治权的, 占优势的, 支配的
adj.[生物] 显性的

Peace was the dominant theme of the conference.

和平是大会的首要议题。

The right hand is dominant in most people.

大多数人的右手是优势手。

Brown eyes are dominant and blue eyes are recessive.

棕色眼睛是显性的,蓝色眼睛是隐性的。
dormant
adj.睡眠状态的, 静止的, 隐匿的
dorsal
adj.背的, 脊的

The shark's dorsal fin was cut off by the fisherman.

鲨鱼的背鳍被渔夫割了下来。
drain
n.排水沟, 消耗, 排水
vt.排出沟外, 喝干, 耗尽
vi.排水, 流干

Boil the vegetables for 20 minutes and then drain off the water.

把蔬菜煮上20分钟,然后把水沥掉。

This country is being drained of its best talents.

这个国家最优秀的人才在不断外流。

The drains overflowed after the heavy rain.

大雨过后,下水道溢出水来。
dramatically
adv.戏剧地, 引人注目地
drawback
n.缺点, 障碍, 退还的关税, 退税(指进口货物再出口时退还其进口时的关税)

The great drawback to living near a main road is noise.

住在大街旁最大的缺点是噪音。

Everything has its drawbacks.

凡事都有不足之处。
drill
n.钻孔机, 钻子, 播种机, 军事训练, 操练, (反复)练习, 条播机
v.训练, 钻孔, 条播

The dentist's drill made a lot of noise.

牙钻发出很大的噪音。

You should finish your English grammar drills in the class.

你应该在课堂上完成语法练习。

The workman is drilling in the wall.

工人正在墙上打孔。
drought
n.干旱, 缺乏

We have not enough food to eat because of the drought.

因为旱灾,我们没有足够的食物可吃。

The crops failed because of the drought.

干旱造成农作物歉收。
ductile
adj.易延展的, 易教导的, 柔软的
dump
vt.倾倒(垃圾), 倾卸
n.堆存处

Some people just dump their rubbish in the river.

有些人径直往河里倒垃圾。

Sealed containers of nuclear waste have been dumped in the sea.

盛有核废料的密封容器被丢在海里。

Just dump everything over there.

先把东西堆在那边。
durable
adj.持久的, 耐用的

This pair of shoes is durable.

这双鞋很耐磨。
dwarf
n.矮子, 侏儒
v.(使)变矮小

The kind dwarf asked the little princess to have dinner with him.

善良的小矮人邀请小公主和他一起吃晚饭。

There is a dwarf apple tree in our garden.

在我们的花园里有一棵矮苹果树。
eccentricity
n.偏心, 古怪, [数]离心率
eclipse
n.食, 日蚀, 月蚀, 蒙蔽, 衰落
vt.引起日蚀, 引起月蚀, 超越, 使黯然失色

It was reported that there would be an annular eclipse tomorrow.

据报道说,明天有日环食。

The moon is partly eclipsed.

月偏食了。

Our happiness was soon eclipsed by the terrible news.

我们的快乐没多久就被可怕的消息蒙上了一层阴影。
ecological
adj.生态学的, 社会生态学的

The destruction of these big forests could have serious ecological consequences.

这些大森林的毁坏会带来生态上的严重后果。
economize
v.节约, 节省, 有效地利用
ecosystem
n.生态系统
edentate
adj.[动]无齿的, 贫齿类的
n.贫齿类动物
edible
adj.可食用的

This food is scarcely edible.

这种食物真是难以下咽。

These are edible wild berries.

这些野莓可以食用。
edifice
n.大厦, 大建筑物

The whole edifice of his hopes was destroyed.

他心中的希望整个都毁了。
educable
adj.可教育的, 可培养的
eject
vt.逐出, 撵出, 驱逐, 喷射
n.推断的事物

The noisy youths were ejected from the cinema.

吵闹的年青人都已从影院被逐出去了。

Cartridges are ejected from the gun after firing.

开枪后子弹从枪膛里弹出去。
elaborate
adj.精心制作的, 详细阐述的, 精细
vt.精心制作, 详细阐述
v.详细描述

The curtains had an elaborate pattern of flowers.

窗帘上绘有精美的花卉图案。

What you've told me of your plan sounds most interesting; would you care to elaborate?

你给我讲的这个计划很有意思,你能详细地谈一谈吗?
elaborately
adv.苦心经营地, 精巧地
electron
n.电子

An electric current in metal is caused by the movement of electrons.

金属内电流是由电子运动引起的。
elegance
n.高雅, 典雅, 优雅, 雅致
elevation
n.上升, 高地, 正面图, 海拔, 提高, 仰角, 崇高, 壮严

We climbed to the top of the small elevation, from which we could look at the town.

我们爬上小丘的顶端,由此可以俯瞰城市。

The house is at an elevation of 1000 meters.

这所房子在海拔1000米处。

This drawing shows what the front elevation of the house will look like when it is built.

这张图显示这幢房子建成后正面的外观。
elicit
vt.得出, 引出, 抽出, 引起

At last we have elicited the truth from him.

我们终于从他那里探得真相。

He succeeded in eliciting the information he needed from her.

他从她那里问出了他所需要的信息。
eligible
adj.符合条件的, 合格的
eliminate
vt.排除, 消除
v.除去

Their team was eliminated in the first round.

他们队在第一轮就被淘汰了。

This new process has eliminated the need for checking the products by hand.

采用这种新方法无须再用手工检验产品。
elite
n.<法>[集合名词]精华, 精锐, 中坚分子
elixir
n.炼金药, 不老长寿药, 万能药, [药]西也剂
elliptical
adj.椭圆的, 省略的
elusive
adj.难懂的, 难捉摸的, 易忘的
embedded
adj.植入的, 深入的, 内含的
embellish
v.修饰

My daughter wears a dress embellished with lace and ribbons today.

今天我女儿穿了一件有花边和饰带的连衣裙。

He often embellishes the tales of his travels.

他常给他的旅游趣闻添枝加叶。
emboss
vt.饰以浮饰, 使浮雕出来

Can you read the addresses embossed on the notepaper?

你能看出凸印在信纸上的地址吗?

He carried a leather briefcase embossed with his initials.

他带着一个饰有浮凸的姓名首字母的皮公事包。
emerge
vi.显现, 浮现, 暴露, 形成, (由某种状态)脱出, (事实)显现出来

The sun emerged from behind the clouds.

太阳从云层后面露出来了。

It has emerged that he stole the money.

现在终于发现,是他偷了那笔钱。

Large scale industry emerged only gradually as technology evolved.

大工业只是随着技术发展而逐渐开始存在的。
emigrant
n.移居外国者, 移民

Most emigrants among them are patriots.

他们中大多数侨民是爱国主义者。

A ship full of emigrants will soon leave for Canada.

一条载满移居外国者的船很快就要开往加拿大了。
emission
n.(光、热等的)散发, 发射, 喷射
emit
vt.发出, 放射, 吐露, 散发, 发表, 发行

A volcano emits smoke and ashes.

火山散发着烟和灰。

The cheese was emitting a strong smell.

干酪散发出强烈的气味。
employ
vt.雇用, 用, 使用
v.使用
n.雇用

Our company employed about one hundred people.

我们公司雇佣了大约一百人。

The police had to employ force to break up the crowd.

警察不得不使用武力驱散人群。

The children were employed in weeding the garden.

孩子们忙着给花园除草。

He has fifteen workers in his employ.

他雇佣的工人有十五名。
enactment
n.设定, 制定
encounter
v.遭遇, 遇到, 相遇
n.遭遇, 遭遇战

I encountered an old friend at Rome.

我在罗马邂逅了一个老朋友。

One rainy night the policeman had a chance encounter with a gang of smugglers.

在一个雨夜,那个警察正巧碰上了一伙走私犯。
engrave
v.雕刻, (线条, 文字, 图案)于一硬面上, 深印于(心上), 使铭记, 铭刻

His memorial was engraved on the stone.

纪念他的碑文刻在石碑上。

The terrible scene was engraved on his memory.

那可怕的情景铭记在他的记忆里。
engraving
n.雕刻术, 雕版, 雕版图
enormous
adj.巨大的, 庞大的, <古>极恶的, 凶暴的

Long ago enormous animals lived on the earth.

很久以前,地球上生活着巨大的动物。
entanglement
n.纠缠
enterprise
n.企业, 事业, 计划, 事业心, 进取心, 干事业

We need a spirit of enterprise if we are to overcome our difficulties.

如果我们要克服困难,我们就要有进取精神。

He is a man of great enterprise.

他是个事业心很强的人。

He works in a private enterprise.

他在一家私人企业工作。
enterprising
adj.有事业心的, 有进取心的, 有魄力的, 有胆量的, 富有进取心
entity
n.实体
entrepreneur
n.<法>企业家, 主办人
enzyme
n.[生化]酶
epidermis
n.[生]表皮, 上皮

That part of the epidermis on his hand is damaged.

他手上那块表皮受到损伤。
epoch
n.新纪元, 时代, 时期, 时间上的一点, [地质]世

The teaching method marked a now epoch in education.

这种教学方法标志着教育的新时代。

Einstein's theory marked a new epoch in physics.

爱因斯坦理论开创了物理学的新纪元。
equilibrium
n.平衡, 平静, 均衡, 保持平衡的能力, 沉着, 安静
equivalent
adj.相等的, 相当的, 同意义的
n.等价物, 相等物

He changed his pounds for the equivalent amount in dollars.

他把英镑兑换成等值的美元。

Changing his job like that is equivalent to giving him the sack.

那样调换他的工作等于是解雇了他。
erect
adj.直立的, 竖立的, 笔直的
vt.盖, 使竖立, 使直立, 树立, 建立
vi.[生理]勃起

They erected their tent at the foot of the mountain.

他们在山脚下支起了帐篷。

She held her head erect and her back straight.

她昂着头,把背挺得笔直。
erode
vt.侵蚀, 腐蚀, 使变化
vi.受腐蚀, 逐渐消蚀掉
erosion
n.腐蚀, 侵蚀

The erosion of the coastline by the sea was ignored by people.

海水对海岸的冲刷被人们忽视了。

They had to face the steady erosion of the president's credibility.

他们不得不面对总统的威信日渐丧失的局面。
eruption
n.爆发, 火山灰, [医]出疹

The eruption of volcano makes many people lose their lives.

火山的爆发使许多人丧失了生命。

The hostilities will be on eruption.

战事即将爆发。
eternal
adj.永恒的, 永远的, 不灭的, 没完没了的

The idea that the world is eternal is now seldom advanced.

地球是永恒的这种看法现在很少提出了。
ethically
adv.伦理(学)上
ethnic
adj.人种的, 种族的, 异教徒的
evaporate
v.(使)蒸发, 消失

The water soon evaporated in the sunshine.

水在阳光下不久就蒸发了。

Heat evaporates water into steam.

水受热变成水蒸汽。
eventful
adj.变故多的, 重要的, 多事的

He has had an eventful life.

他一生有很多大事。

It is an eventful year.

这是一个有很多大事的一年。
evergreen
adj.常绿的
n.常绿树, 常绿植物

Pines are evergreens.

松树是常青树。

I love these evergreen tunes.

我喜欢这些经久不衰的老曲子。
evident
adj.明显的, 显然的

It was evident that the policy was a failure.

显然这项政策是失败的。
eviscerate
vt.取出内脏, 除去精华, 除去主要部分
vi.凸出
evoke
vt.唤起, 引起, 博得
evolution
n.进展, 发展, 演变, 进化

Do you know about the evolution of a seed into a plant?

你知道从种子发展成为植物的过程吗?

In politics Britain has preferred evolution to revolution.

在政治上,英国喜欢渐进而不喜欢革命。
evolve
v.(使)发展, (使)进展, (使)进化
exalted
adj.尊贵的, 高位的, 兴奋的, 高尚的
excavation
n.挖掘, 发掘, 挖掘成的洞, 出土文物

Excavation of the site will begin tomorrow.

明天开始挖掘工作。

Those foreigners are visiting the excavations.

那些外国人正在参观出土文物。
exceed
vt.超越, 胜过
vi.超过其他

His knowledge of history exceeds mine.

他的历史知识超过我。

Demand began to exceed supply.

开始供不应求。
excel
v.优秀, 胜过他人

He excels all other composers of his period.

他超过了同时期的所有其他作曲家。
exceptional
adj.例外的, 异常的

This weather is exceptional for June.

六月里这样的天气是反常的。
excess
n.过度, 剩于, 无节制, 超过, 超额
adj.过度的, 额外的

Usury is interest in excess of a legal rate.

高利贷是指超过法定利率取息。

The fat boy went on a diet to get rid of his excess weight.

这个胖男孩节制饮食以减轻过量的体重。
excessive
adj.过多的, 过分的, 额外

Excessive rainfall had made the harvest impossible.

雨量过多,丰收已经不可能了。
exclusion
n.排除, 除外, 被排除在外的事物

The exclusion of women from the temple made them feel sad.

妇女被排斥于寺院之外使得她们很难过。

He spends his spare time gardening, to the exclusion of all other interests.

他把空余时间都用在园艺上了,没有任何其他爱好
exclusive
adj.排外的, 孤高的, 唯我独尊的, 独占的, 唯一的, 高级的

He moves in exclusive social circles and belongs to the most exclusive clubs.

他活动于社交甚严的社交圈内,而且属于那些最不愿吸收外人的俱乐部。

Dictionary-making has not been his exclusive employment.

编字典一直都不是他唯一的工作。

The matter will be given our exclusive attention.

此事将引起我们的全部关注。

This company has exclusive rights for the sale of Ford cars in the city.

这家公司享有福特汽车在本市的独家经销权。
execution
n.实行, 完成, 执行, 死刑, 制作, (武器等的)破坏效果, 杀伤力

His intention was good, but his execution of the plan was unsatisfactory.

他的用意很好,但他做起来却不令人满意。

The artillery did great execution.

这种大炮的威力很大。

There used to be public executions.

处决囚犯过去都是公开执行的。
exempt
v.免除
adj.被免除的

These houses are exempt from paying rates.

这些房子是免付捐税的。

Poor eyesight will exempt you from military service.

视力不佳将使你免服兵役。
exert
vt.尽(力), 施加(压力等), 努力
v.发挥, 竭尽全力, 尽

He exerted all his influence to make them accept his plan.

他用尽一切影响力使他们接受他的计划。

Her husband exerted a lot of pressure on her to succeed.

她丈夫殷切地希望她能成功,给了她很大的压力。
exhale
v.呼气, 发出, 发散, <古>使蒸发

She exhaled slowly to show her annoyance.

她长叹以示厌烦。

He lit his cigar and exhaled smoke.

他点燃雪茄,然后吐出烟雾。
exhibition
n.表现, 展览会, 展览品, 显示

Did you see the art exhibition downtown?

你看了闹市区的美术展览吗?
exorbitant
adj.过度的, 过高的, 昂贵的
expand
vt.使膨胀, 详述, 扩张
vi.张开, 发展

Metals expand when they are heated.

金属遇热则膨胀。

Our foreign trade has expanded during recent years.

近年来我们的对外贸易有所扩大。

The petals of many flowers expand in the sunshine.

许多花的花瓣在阳光中绽放。
expansion
n.扩充, 开展, 膨胀, 扩张物, 辽阔, 浩瀚

Metals undergo expansion when heated.

金属加热时会膨胀。

This book is an expansion of the play he wrote before.

这本书是他以前写的剧本的扩充。
expenditure
n.支出, 花费

The expenditure of money on weapons is very large.

购置武器的开支很大。

Limit your expenditure to what is essential.

你要把开销限制在必要的范围内。
expertise
n.专家的意见, 专门技术
explicit
adj.外在的, 清楚的, 直率的, (租金等)直接付款的
exploit
vt.开拓, 开发, 开采, 剥削, 用以自肥
v.使用

People should read the related regulations before they exploit natural resources.

在开发自然资源前,人们应该先了解相关的规定。
exponential
n.指数, 倡导者, 演奏者, 例子, [数]指数
adj.指数的, 幂数的
express train
特别快车
expressive
adj.表现的, 表达...的, 有表现力的, 富于表情的

She gave us an expressive smile.

她意味深长地笑了笑。

It's an expressive piece of music.

这是一首抒情乐曲。
extend
v.扩充, 延伸, 伸展, 扩大[军]使疏开, 给予, 提供, 演化出的全文, <英>[律]对(地产等)估价

The hot weather extended into October.

炎热天气一直持续到十月。
extended
adj.伸出的, 延长的, 广大的, 扩大范围的, 长期的
extensive
adj.广大的, 广阔的, 广泛的

The device had undergone extensive testing.

这种装置经受过广泛的试验。

He selected an extensive reading course this term.

这个学期他选修了泛读课程。
external
adj.外部的, 客观的, [医]外用的, 外国的, 表面的
n.外部, 外面

All his injuries are external.

他受的伤都是外伤。

This news program only covers external events.

这一新闻节目只报道国外消息。
extinct
adj.熄灭的, 灭绝的, 耗尽的
vt.<古>使熄灭

Dinosaurs have been extinct for millions of years.

恐龙已绝种几百万年了。
extinction
n.消失, 消灭, 废止, [物]消光

Is the human race threatened with complete extinction?

人类是否会受到完全灭绝的威胁呢?
extract
n.精, 汁, 榨出物, 摘录, 选粹
vt.拔出, 榨取, 开方, 求根, 摘录, 析取, 吸取

She extracted a small notebook from her handbag.

她从手提包里取出了一个小笔记本。

I had extracted a detailed account from him.

我从他那里打听出了详情。

I would like to quote two extracts from the book.

我很想引用这本书的两段文字。
fabric
n.织品, 织物, 布, 结构, 建筑物, 构造

The whole fabric of the society was changed by the war.

战争改变了整个社会结构。

The cost of repairing the fabric of the church was very high.

修理教堂结构的花费非常大。
facilitate
vt.(不以人作主语的)使容易, 使便利, 推动, 帮助, 使容易, 促进
facilitation
n.简易化, 助长
facility
n.容易, 简易, 灵巧, 熟练, 便利, 敏捷, 设备, 工具

The facility of this piece of music makes it a pleasure to play.

这首曲子容易弹奏,所以人们都乐于弹奏它。

The computerized phone has a callback facility.

计算机化的电话有回叫装置。

A free bus to the airport is a facility offered only by this hotel.

只有这家旅店提供免费乘车去机场的服务。
faction
n.派别, 小集团, 派系斗争, 小派系, 内讧

The party split into petty factions.

该党分裂成若干小派系。
factor
n.因素, 要素, 因数, 代理人

The committee's support is an important factor in the success of the project.

委员会的支持是该项目取得成功的一个重要因素。

2, 3, 4, 6 are all factors of 12. 2 ,3 ,4 和6 都是12的因子。
faculty
n.才能, 本领, 能力, 全体教员, (大学的)系, 科, (授予的)权力

This boy has a faculty of making friends easily.

这个男孩有交友的能力。

There will be a meeting for the English faculty this afternoon.

今天下午英语系的教职员工要开个会。
fade
vi.(声音等)减弱下去, 褪色, 消失, 枯萎, 凋谢
vt.使褪色
n.淡入, 淡出
adj.乏味的, 平淡的

Flowers soon faded when they have been cut.

花剪下后很快就会枯萎。

The closing music fades out when the hero rides off into the sunset.

当男主角策马向夕阳驰去时,尾声音乐逐渐消失。

Hopes of a peaceful settlement are now fading.

和平解决的希望正在消失。
famine
n.饥荒, <古>饥饿, 严重的缺乏

Thousands of people died of famine.

千千万万的人死于饥荒。
fanatical
adj.狂热的, 盲信的
fascination
n.魔力, 入迷, 魅力, 迷恋, 强烈爱好
fashionable
adj.流行的, 时髦的

It's fashionable to go to Singapore for your holidays.

到新加坡去度假是时下的时尚。

This dress is such a good style; it will be fashionable for many years.

这件衣服的式样真高雅,它一定会流行好几年。
fatal
adj.致命的, 重大的, 命运注定的, 不幸的, 致命的, 毁灭性的

This was his fatal defect; he was of feeble will.

这是他致命的弱点,他意志薄弱。

His illness was fatal to our plan.

他的患病给我们的计划带来灾难。
fatigue
n.疲乏, 疲劳, 累活, [军]杂役
vt.使疲劳, 使心智衰弱
vi.疲劳

Finally, her mind gave in to fatigue and she fell asleep.

最后她的心力疲惫不堪,就睡着了。

I am utterly fatigued.

我完全累坏了。

The patient fatigues easily.

病人容易疲劳。
faucet
n.龙头, 旋塞, (连接管子的)插口

Water was falling from the faucet.

水正从水龙头流出。
fauna
n.动物群, 动物区系, 动物志
feasible
adj.可行的, 切实可行的
feat
n.技艺, 功绩, 武艺, 壮举, 技艺表演
adj.漂亮的, 合适的

Apparently impossible feats are now accomplished by science.

许多看起来不可能的伟大业绩现在已经由科学实现了。
feed on
v.以...为食, 以...为能源
fencing
n.栅栏, 篱笆, 围墙, 剑术, 辩论, 买卖

They are playing fencing.

他们正在练剑。

Her fencing is very consummating.

她的剑术非常精湛。
fend
vt.保护, 谋生, 供养, 挡开
vi.<英>努力, 力争, 供养, 照料
fertile
adj.肥沃的, 富饶的, 能繁殖的

Fertile soil yields good crops.

肥沃的土地能种出好庄稼。
fertilize
vt.施肥, 使丰饶, 使受精, 使肥沃, 使多产

The bees may fertilize flowers when they collect nectar.

蜜蜂采集花粉时会使花授粉。

The peasants fertilize the field by using manure.

农民们施肥来使土地肥沃。
festival
n.节日, 喜庆日, 音乐节, 戏剧节, 喜庆, 欢宴, 欢乐
adj.节日的, 快乐的

Christmas is a festival of the Chistian Church.

圣诞节是基督教的节日。

This city has a music festival every summer.

本市每年举行一次夏季音乐节。
feverishly
adv.兴奋地
fiber
n.=fibre
光纤

Scientists are recommending that people eat more fiber.

科学家建议人们多吃些纤维素。

He is a man of real fiber.

他是一个有骨气的男子。

I love my country with every fiber of my being.

我深爱我的祖国。
fiction
n.虚构, 编造, 小说

I like to read science fiction.

我喜欢阅读科幻小说。

His account of the crime was a complete fiction.

他所讲述的那种罪刑完全是虚构的。
fidelity
n.忠实, 诚实, 忠诚, 保真度, (收音机, 录音设备等的)逼真度, 保真度, 重现精度

Fidelity to engagement is a virtue.

信守诺言是一种美德。

His fidelity and industry brought him speedy promotion.

他的忠于职守和勤于工作使他得到迅速晋级。
field research
实际教学, 现场调查研究
figurehead
n.装饰船头的雕像, 破浪神, 有名无实的领袖
file
n.文件, 档案, 文件夹, 卷宗, 锉刀
vt.把...归档, 提出(申请等), 锉, 琢磨
vi.列队行进, 用锉刀锉

Put this letter in the main file.

把这封信放在主要文件夹中。

Please file those letters.

请把这些信件存档。

The pupils filed out of the room during the fire drill.

在消防演习中,学生们排成纵队走出房间。
fir
n.[植]冷杉, 枞树, 杉木
abbr.[军] Far-Infra-Red, 远红外

The road was covered with fir needles.

这条路上铺满了冷杉针叶。
flair
n.才能, 本领
flake
n.薄片
v.使成薄片, 剥落, 雪片般落下

Flakes of rust are falling from the old iron pan.

一片片的锈从旧铁锅上落下。
flea
n.跳蚤, 低廉的旅馆,生蚤的动物

I must have been bitten by a flea, my arms are itchy.

我一定是让跳蚤咬了,胳膊很痒。

The cat's got fleas.

这猫长跳蚤了。
fleeting
adj.飞逝的;短暂的
flexibility
n.弹性, 适应性, 机动性, 挠性
flexible
adj.柔韧性, 易曲的, 灵活的, 柔软的, 能变形的, 可通融的

This tube is flexible but tough.

这管子柔软但很坚固。

We need a foreign policy that is more flexible.

我们需要一个更为灵活的外交政策。
float
n.漂流物, 浮舟, 漂浮, 浮萍, 彩车
vi.浮动, 飘浮, 散播, 摇摆, 漂浮, 动摇(计划等)付诸实行
vt.使漂浮, 容纳, 淹没, 发行, 实行, 用水注满

The logs floated down the river.

木头在河上放流。

Pay attention to your float!

注意你的浮子!
flock
n.羊群, (禽、畜等的)群, 大量, 众多
v.聚结

There are many flocks of tourists in the palace.

宫殿里有好几群游客。

People are flocking to the cinema to see the new film.

人们正蜂拥到电影院去看这部新电影。
fluctuation
n.波动, 起伏

There are fluctuations in the state of his health.

他的健康状况时好时坏。

The decision was affected by his fluctuation of mood.

这个决定受他情绪的影响。
flux
n.涨潮, 变迁, [物]流量, 通量
vi.熔化, 流出
vt.使熔融, 用焊剂处理
folklore
n.民间传说

The singer devoted his whole life in study of the folklore in the northwest part of China.

这位歌手终生致力于研究中国西北部的民间传说。
follow suit
v.跟着做, 跟着出同花色的牌
folly
n.愚蠢, 荒唐事, 轻松歌舞剧, 讽刺剧, 傻念头, 傻话, 耗费巨大而又无益的事, <古>放荡

It is a great folly to try to persuade him.

试图说服他未免太愚蠢了。

The old man smiled sadly when he remembered the follies of his youth.

这老人想起年轻时的荒唐事,不禁苦笑。
forage
n.草料

There is much forage for the cattle.

那儿有很多喂牛的饲料。

One group left the camp to forage for firewood.

一些人离开营地去寻找木柴。

She foraged about in her handbag, but couldn't find her keys.

她翻遍了手提包,就是找不到钥匙。
forbidding
adj.可怕的, 令人难亲近的
foremost
adj.(位置或时间)最先的, 最初的, 最重要的
adv.首要地, 首先

Do you know who is the foremost writer in the English language?

你知道谁是最重要的英语作家吗?
foresee
vt.预见, 预知

Do you foresee any problems with the new system?

对于这种新体制,你看会有什么问题吗?

He foresaw that his journey would be delayed by bad weather.

他预知自己的旅程会被恶劣天气耽搁。
foreshadow
v.预示
forge
v.稳步前进, 铸造, 伪造

They forged their manager's signature on the cheque.

他们在支票上伪造了经理的签名。

The ship forged ahead under a favorable wind.

船乘风快速前进。
format
n.开本, 版式, 形式, 格式
vt.安排...的格局(或规格), [计]格式化(磁盘)
formation
n.形成, 构成, 编队

Her front teeth were irregular in formation.

她的门牙排列不整齐。

School life has a great influence on the formation of a child's character.

学校生活对小孩个性的形成有很大影响。

There are several kinds of cloud formations.

云层的构成方式有好几种。
formidable
adj.强大的, 令人敬畏的, 可怕的, 艰难的

His mother is a most formidable lady.

他的母亲是个最令人生畏的妇人。

They climbed up the last part of the mountain in formidable weather conditions.

他们在恶劣的天气条件下登上了山的顶峰。
formulate
vt.用公式表示, 明确地表达, 作简洁陈述
v.阐明

He formulated his thought clearly.

他清楚确切地表达了自己的思想。

The contract was formulated in difficult legal language.

该合同是用深奥的法律术语订立的。
fort
n.堡垒, 边界上的贸易站

There are eight forts in this section of the Great Wall.

这一段长城有八个垛口。
fortify
vt.设防于, 增强(体力,结构等)使坚强, 增加, (酒)的酒精含量
vi.筑防御工事

Good eating habits help to fortify the body against disease.

好的饮食习惯有助于强身防病。

After praying quietly he faced his difficulties with a fortified spirit.

默默地祈祷后,他面对困难的勇气倍增。
foster
vt.养育, 抚育, 培养, 鼓励, 抱(希望)
n.养育者, 鼓励者

The mother tried to foster her son's interest in music.

母亲设法培养儿子对音乐的兴趣。
fracture
n.破裂, 骨折
v.(使)破碎, (使)破裂

He had several injuries, including three fractures.

他多处受伤,其中三处骨折。

Her leg fractured in two places.

她的腿有两处骨折。

His son suffered from a fractured pelvis.

他儿子出现骨盆骨折。
fragile
adj.易碎的, 脆的

Human happiness is so fragile.

人生幸福易逝。

He's feeling a bit fragile after last night's party.

他参加了昨晚的聚会之后,现在觉得有些虚弱。

This glass plate is very fragile.

这个玻璃盘子很容易碎。
fragility
n.脆弱, 虚弱
fragment
n.碎片, 断片, 片段

She dropped the vase on the floor and it broke into fragments.

她把花瓶掉在地上,摔成了碎片。

The chair fragmented under his weight.

在他重压下,椅子断了。

The interruption fragmented his argument.

他的辩论因被打断而显得不完整。
fray
n.冲突, 打架, 争论, (织物等)磨损处
vt.使磨损
vi.被磨损

He rushed into the fray.

他冲入战场中。

The electric wire is fraying and could be dangerous to handle.

电线快磨破了,使用起来可能有危险。

Her nerves were frayed by the noises in the street.

街上的噪音使她神经紧张。
freight
n.货物, 船货, 运费, 货运
vt.装货, 使充满, 运送

The aircraft company deals with freight only.

这家航空公司只经营货运业务。

This freight must be carefully handled.

这些货物必须小心搬运。

They freighted the boat with bananas.

他们把香蕉装上船。
frenetic
adj.发狂的, 狂热的
n.发狂者
frenzy
n.狂暴, 狂怒

In a frenzy of hate he killed his enemy.

在一阵痛恨的狂乱中,他杀死了敌人。

She worked herself up into a frenzy because she thought she'd miss her train.

她焦躁已极,因为她以为她会错过火车。
frigid
adj.寒冷的, 冷淡的, (妇女)缺乏性感的

Huhhot is a frigid city in winter.

冬天的呼和浩特是一个寒冷的城市。

His frigid glance made me afraid.

他那冷淡的目光让我害怕。
fringe
n.边缘, 须边, 刘海
adj.边缘的, 额外的
v.在...上加以缘饰, 成为...的边缘

A fringe of trees stood round the pool.

池塘四周耸立着一圈树木。
from afar
自远方, 远道, 从远处
frustrate
v.挫败, 阻挠, 使感到灰心, 阻止

The terrible weather frustrated our hopes of going out.

恶劣的天气使我们外出的愿望无法实现。

I'm feeling rather frustrated in my present job; I need a change.

我感到现在干得很不顺心,需要换一换工作。
frustration
n.挫败, 挫折, 受挫
fumigate
vt.熏制, 使发香
functioning
机能
fungi
真菌类(包括霉菌,食用伞菌,酵母菌等),似真菌的,由真菌引起的
furnish
vt.供应, 提供, 装备, 布置
v.供给

The shop furnishes everything that is needed for camping.

这家商店供应各种野营用品。

They are renting a furnished flat.

他们租用了一套带有家具的公寓房子。
fused
adj.装有保险丝的
fusion
n.熔化, 熔解, 熔合, 熔接

Americans are the fusion of many different races.

美国人是各种种族人的熔合体。

Brass is formed by the fusion of copper and zinc.

黄铜是由铜和锌熔合制成的。
galaxy
n.星系, 银河, 一群显赫的人, 一系列光彩夺目的东西

A galaxy of film stars attended the premiere.

一群影星参加了首次公演。
gallery
n.走廊、戏院、教堂等中最高的楼座, 美术陈列室, 画廊, 图库

His pictures were showed in the gallery.

他的画在画廊展出。
galvanize
v.通电流于, 电镀
gap
n.缺口, 裂口, 间隙, 缝隙, 差距, 隔阂

The road goes through a gap in the hills.

这条路穿过两条山脉之间的峡谷。

There is a generation gap between my parents and I.

我父母和我之间有代沟。
gaseous
adj.气体的, 气态的

The ball is filled with gaseous mixture.

那个球被充满了气体混合物。

The lamp is full of gaseous nitrogen.

灯里充满了气体氮。
generate
vt.产生, 发生

This hatred was generated by racial prejudice.

这种仇恨是由种族偏见引起的。
generous
adj.慷慨的, 大方的, 有雅量的

It was generous of her to contribute such a large sum.

她很大方,捐助了这么大笔钱。

Wages here are generous.

这里报酬优厚。
genetic
adj.遗传的, 起源的

He chose genetic engineering to be his lifelong career.

他选择了遗传工程学作为终生的事业。
genial
adj.亲切的

Her genial smile made every guest feel at home.

她亲切的笑容使每个人都感觉宾至如归。
genre
n.类型, 流派
genuinely
adv.真诚地, 诚实地
giant
n.巨人, 大力士, 巨大的动物或植物, 伟人, 天才
adj.庞大的, 巨大的

Shakespeare is a giant among writers.

莎士比亚是作家中的大文豪。
girder
n.梁, 钢桁的支架
give way to
让路,让步
glacial
adj.冰的, 冰状的, 冰河的, 冰河时代的, 冰冷的
glacier
n.冰河

He showed me a drawing of the glacier.

他给我看一张冰川图。
glamorous
adj.富有魅力的, 迷人的
gland
n.[解剖]腺, [机械]密封管

This is a snake's poison gland.

这就是蛇的毒腺。

She is suffering from swollen glands.

她正患腺体肿胀病。
glandular
adj.腺(状)的,起腺体功能的,有腺的
glassware
n.玻璃器具类
glimpse
n.一瞥, 一看
v.瞥见

I glimpsed at her among the crowd before she disappeared from sight.

就在她即将消失在人群里之前,我瞥见了她。

I only caught a glimpse of him sitting in the car, so I can't tell exactly what he looked like.

我只瞥见他坐在车里,所以我无法确切说出他长得什么样。

A glimpse of her face will tell you that she is innocent.

你只要一看见她的脸就会明白,她是无辜的。
global
adj.球形的, 全球的, 全世界的
go broke
v.破产
gorgeous
adj.华丽的, 灿烂的

The night sky is now gorgeous with billions of stars.

星斗万千,夜空璀璨。
gourmet
n.能精选品评美食、美洒的人
granite
n.花岗岩

He has a heart of granite.

他有一副铁石心肠。
graphic
adj.绘画似的, 图解的

The newspaper article gave a graphic description of the earthquake.

报纸文章生动地描述了地震的情况。

The graphic arts include calligraphy and lithography.

平面造型艺术包括书法和平版印刷术。
grasshopper
n.蚱蜢, 蝗虫, 小型侦察机

I hadn't seen a grasshopper for years since I moved into the city.

从我搬进城里以后,我有好几年没见过蚂蚱了。
gravitational
adj.重力的
gravity
n.地心引力, 重力

Anything that is dropped falls towards the ground because of the force of gravity.

落下的东西因为地心引力的缘故,都会掉到地上。

He doesn't seem to understand the gravity of the situation.

他似乎没有意识到形势的严重性。
graze
v.放牧, 吃草, 擦伤, 擦过
n.放牧, 牧草, 轻擦, 擦破处

We are grazing the sheep in the next field.

我们在旁边的地里放羊。

She fell down and grazed her knee.

她摔倒在地,碰破了膝盖。
grumble
adj.抱怨地表示, 嘟囔地说
n.怨言, 满腹牢骚
vi.抱怨, 发牢骚, 咕哝, 嘟囔, 隆隆响
vt.喃喃地说出

They will grumble about having to do the work.

他们将为不得不干那项工作而抱怨。

He has everything he needs, but he is still full of grumbles.

他需要的一切都得到了,却还牢骚满腹。
gulf
n.海湾, 深渊, 漩涡, 隔阂
vt.吞没, 使深深卷入

He indicated the location of the Persian Gulf with a pen on the map.

他用一支笔在地图上标出了波斯湾的位置。

I think there is no gulf between my daughter and I.

我认为我和我女儿之间没有隔阂。
gush
v.涌出

Oil gashed out from the broken pipe.

油从断裂的管道中喷出来。

His words gashed out.

他的话滔滔不绝。

There was a gash of blood from the wound reopening.

伤口再次裂开时血流如注。
gymnastic
adj.体操的, 体育的
n.训练课程
gyration
n.旋回, 回转, 旋转, [动]螺层
habitat
n.(动植物的)生活环境, 产地、栖息地, 居留地, 自生地, 聚集处

The polar bear's habitat is the icy waters of the Arctic.

北极熊的栖息地是冰冷的北极海域。

I prefer to see animals in their natural habitat, rather than in zoos.

我宁愿观赏居住在自然栖息地里的动物,而不愿看关在动物园里的动物。
hail
n.冰雹, 致敬, 招呼, 一阵
vt.向...欢呼, 致敬, 招呼, 使象下雹样落下, 猛发
vi.招呼, 下雹
int.万岁, 欢迎

An old friend hailed me from the other side of the street.

一个老朋友从街的对面喊我。

It's hailing outside.

外面在下冰雹。

The boy's breaking of window glasses caused a hail of abuse.

这个男孩打碎了窗户玻璃,招致了一阵恶骂。
hallmark
n.特点
halt
n.停止, 暂停, 中断
vt.使停止, 使立定
vi.立定, 停止, 踌躇, 有缺点

The soldiers halted for a rest.

士兵们停下来休息。

He tried to bring that debate to a halt.

他试图使这场辩论停止。

The car came to a halt just in time to prevent an accident.

汽车及时停下,避免了一场车祸。
hamper
v.妨碍, 牵制
handicraft
n.手工艺, 手工艺品, 手艺
harden
vt.使变硬, 使坚强, 使冷酷
vi.变硬, 变冷酷, 涨价

Life in the camp had hardened him considerably.

军营生活使他变得坚强多了。

His face hardened at the word.

他听到这话,脸沉了下来。
hardware
n.五金器具, (电脑的)硬件, (电子仪器的)部件

I know nothing about computer hardware.

我对计算机硬件一窍不通。
harness
n.(全套)马具, 系在身上的绳子, 甲胄
vt.上马具, 披上甲胄, 利用(河流、瀑布等)产生动力(尤指电力)

The farmer harnessed the horse.

农夫给马套上挽具。

The cashier died in harness.

出纳员以身殉职。
hatch
n.孵化, 舱口, 舱口盖, (门、墙壁、地板上的)开口
vt.孵, 孵出, 策划, 图谋
vi.孵化

Chicks are hatching from the eggs.

小鸡正从蛋壳里孵出来。

Three of the chickens hatched today.

今天有三只小鸡出壳。
haul
n.用力拖拉, 拖, 拉, 捕获物, 努力得到的结果, (尤指)一网捕获的鱼量, 拖运距离
vi.拖, 拉, 改变方向, 改变主意
vt.拖拉, 拖运

They hauled the boat up the beach.

他们把船拖上岸。
haunted
adj.闹鬼的,鬼魂出没的,受到折磨的
haven
n.港口, 避难所

They have made their home a haven for the homeless orphans.

他们把自己的家变成了无家可归的孤儿们的避难所。
hazard
n.冒险, 危险, 冒险的事
vt.冒...的危险, 赌运气, 使遭危险

There are many serious health hazards associated with smoking.

许多危害健康的情况都与吸烟有关。

The car had its hazard warning lights on.

这辆汽车亮起了危险信号灯。

He hazarded all his money in the attempt to save the business.

他为挽救这家企业,不惜冒险投入他的全部金钱。
heed
n.注意, 留意
v.注意, 留意

Now heed what I say.

现在注意听我要说的话。
heel
n.脚后跟, 踵, 跟部

I'm just kicking my heels until the beginning of the new term.

新学期开学前,我一直无所事事。

The police were on our heels.

警察紧追着我们。

I only wear high heels on special occasions.

我只在特殊场合穿高跟鞋。
helium
n.氦(化学元素, 符号为He)
hem
n.边, 缘, 摺边
v.给...缝边, 包围

Can you help me to hem the skirt?

你能帮我给裙子缝边吗
hemisphere
n.半球

The Western Hemisphere refers to North and South America.

西半球是指南北美洲。
herald
n.使者, 传令官, 通报者, 先驱, 预兆
vt.预报, 宣布, 传达, 欢呼

The cuckoo is the herald of the spring.

杜鹃报春。
Herculean
adj.力大无比的, 巨大的
herd
n.兽群, 牧群
v.把...赶在一起放牧, 成群

The photographer took a photo of a herd of elephants.

这位摄影师拍了一张象群的照片。
heritage
n.遗产, 继承权, 传统

These beautiful old palaces are part of our national heritage.

这些美丽的古老宫殿是我们民族遗产的一部分。
heterogeneous
adj.不同种类的
异类的

There is a heterogeneous mass of papers in the teacher's office.

老师的办公室里堆满了大批不同的论文。
hibernation
n.过冬, 冬眠, 避寒
hierarchy
n.层次
层级
highlight
n.加亮区, 精彩场面, 最显著(重要)部分
vt.加亮, 使显著, 以强光照射, 突出
hinge
n.(门、盖等的)铰链, 枢纽, 关键
vt.装铰链
v.装以绞链, 依...而转移

The door opens easily because the hinges were oiled.

这门开起来很容易,因为合页上了油。
hinterland
n.内地, 穷乡僻壤, 内地贸易区, 腹地
hollow
n.洞, 窟窿, 山谷
adj.空的, 虚伪的, 空腹的, 凹的
adv.<口>彻底vi.形成空洞
vt.挖空, 弄凹

This tree looks high and strong but actually its trunk is hollow.

这棵树看起来又高又壮,实际上树干是空的。
homogeneous
adj.同类的, 相似的, 均一的, 均匀的
horizon
n.地平线
n.地平(线),(知识,思想等的)范围,视野

The sun appeared above the horizon.

太阳出现在地平线上。
horizontal
adj.地平线的, 水平的

First, draw a horizontal line.

首先,画一条水平线。
hostile
adj.敌对的, 敌方的
n.敌对

The new government was hostile to them.

新政府对他们怀有敌意。
house
n.房子, 住宅, 库房, 机构, 家庭, 家族, 议院, 剧场
vt.给...房子住, 收藏, 覆盖
vi.住, 躲藏(up)

They are going to move to a new house next week.

下星期他们将迁入新居。
huddle
v.拥挤, 卷缩, 草率从事, 挤作一团
n.杂乱的一堆, 拥挤

The boys huddled together in the cave to keep warm.

男孩子们在山洞里挤成一团取暖。

He huddled the children into the automobile.

他急急忙忙地把孩子们推进汽车。

This novel appeared to have been huddled together.

这部小说看来是草草写成的。
hummingbird
n.蜂雀
hurl
n.<俚>[棒球]用力或猛烈的投掷
vt.用力投掷, 愤慨地说出, 丢下, 推翻
vi.猛投, 猛掷

The hunter hurled his spear at the tiger.

猎人用力把他的长矛向虎投去。
hydrogen
n.氢

Water contains hydrogen and oxygen.

水含有氢和氧。
hypersensitive
adj.非常敏感的, 敏感的
hypothesis
n.假设
ice sheet
n.[地]大冰原,冰盾
iceberg
n.冰山, 冷冰冰的人
icicle
n.垂冰, 冰柱
icon
n.图标, 肖像, 偶像
identical
adj.同一的, 同样的

This is the identical hotel we stayed at last year.

这就是我们去年住过的旅馆。

Your appearance is identical to hers.

你的相貌和她的一模一样。
identifiable
adj.可以确认的
identify
vt.识别, 鉴别, 把...和...看成一样
v.确定

Can you identify your umbrella among this lot?

你能在这些伞中认出你自己的伞吗?

She identified that the man was her attacker.

她认出那个男人就是袭击过她的人。

One can not identify happiness with wealth.

幸福和财富不能混为一谈。
identity
n.同一性, 身份, 一致, 特性, 恒等式

The identity of the murdered man has not yet been established.

那名被害人的身份尚未确定。

She experienced a loss of identity after giving up her career to get married.

她放弃职业结婚以后有一种失落感。

The police asked him to show his identity card.

警察让他出示身份证。
ideology
n.意识形态
idiom
n.成语, 方言, 土语, 习惯用语
igneous
adj.火的, 似火的, [地]火成的
illuminate
vt.照明, 照亮, 阐明, 说明, 使灿烂, 以灯火装饰(街道等)
vi.照亮

A sudden smile illuminated her face.

突然的微笑使她容光焕发。
illumination
n.照明, 阐明, 启发, 灯彩(通常用复数)

The illumination in this room is very bad.

这个屋子的照明很不好。

The illumination of the manuscript is delicate.

这个手稿的装饰很精致。
illusion
n.幻想

He cherished the illusion that she loved him, but he was wrong.

他抱有她爱他的幻觉,但他错了
illustrate
vt.举例说明, 图解, 加插图于, 阐明
vi.举例

Our textbook is very well illustrated.

我们的课本插图丰富。
imaginary
adj.假想的, 想象的, 虚构的

All the characters in this book are imaginary.

这本书中的人物都是虚构的。
imaginative
adj.想象的, 虚构的

The story is imaginative.

这个故事是虚构的。

He is an imaginative writer.

他是个富有想象力的作家。
imbibe
v.吸收

Are you imbibing?

你正在喝酒吗?

I always imbibe fresh air in the woods.

我经常在树林里呼吸新鲜空气。
imitation
n.模仿, 效法, 冒充, 赝品, 仿造物

That's not an original Rembrandt, it's an imitation.

这不是伦勃朗的真品,是赝品。

The house was built in imitation of a Roman villa.

这所房子是仿造古罗马别墅式的建筑。
immense
adj.极广大的, 无边的, <口>非常好的

The performance was immense.

演出极为成功。

It's almost impossible to find him in the immense ocean.

在无边无际的海洋中要找到他几乎是不可能的。
immobilize
v.固定不动
immune
adj.免疫的

He seems to be immune to criticism.

他似乎不受批评的影响。

The criminal was told he would be immune if he helped the police.

这个罪犯被告知,如果他协助警方就可以免于被起诉。
immunity
n.免疫性

This vaccine will give you immunity for two years.

接种这种疫苗可有两年免疫力。

He has diplomatic immunity.

他有外交豁免权。
impact
n.碰撞, 冲击, 冲突, 影响, 效果
vt.挤入, 撞击, 压紧, 对...发生影响
impair
v.削弱

His illness has impaired his efficiency.

生病降低了他的效率。
impart
vt.给予(尤指抽象事物), 传授, 告知, 透露

A teacher's aim is to impart knowledge.

教师的作用是传授知识。
impediment
n.妨碍, 阻碍, 障碍物, (言语)障碍, 口吃, 障碍物

The main impediment to development is the country's large population.

发展的主要障碍是这个国家人口太多。
imperative
n.命令, 诫命, 需要, 规则, 祈使语气
adj.命令的, 强制的, 紧急的, 必要的, 势在必行的, [语法]祈使的

Prompt action is imperative.

果断的行动是必要的。

It's imperative that you apologize to him immediately.

你必须立即向他道歉。

Job creation has become an imperative for the government.

创造就业机会是政府必须做的事
impermeable
adj.不能渗透的, 不渗透性的
impersonal
adj.非个人的
impersonate
vt.模仿, 扮演, 人格化, 拟人
impersonation
n.扮演
impetus
n.推动力, 促进
implement
n.工具, 器具
vt.贯彻, 实现
v.执行

What implements are needed for gardening?

园艺需要些什么工具?

The government is implementing a new policy to help the unemployed.

政府正在实施一项新的帮助失业者的政策。
implication
n.牵连, 含意, 暗示
implicit
adj.暗示的, 盲从的, 含蓄的, 固有的, 不怀疑的, 绝对的
import
n.进口货(常用复数), 进口, 输入, 意思, 重要性
vt.输入, 进口, 含...的意思, 重要, 引入
vi.有关系, 有重要性

The government has an interest in importing scientific equipment.

政府对引进科学设备非常感兴趣。

The import of cotton goods went up sharply in 1986.

在1986年,棉织品的进口猛增。
impose
vt.征税, 强加, 以...欺骗
vi.利用, 欺骗, 施影响

The judge imposed a fine of ten dollars on him.

法官判他罚款10美元。

Don't try to impose your wishes on us.

不要试图把你的愿望强加给我们。

Don't impose yourself on people who don't want you.

不要缠着不愿和你在一起的人。
imposing
adj.使人难忘的, 壮丽的
impressive
adj.给人深刻印象的, 感人的

It's an impressive ceremony.

那是个难忘的仪式。

His collection of paintings is the most impressive.

他的绘画收藏令人叹为观止。
imprint
v.留下烙印
imprisonment
n.关押

The criminal was sentenced to one year's imprisonment.

这名罪犯被判处一年监禁。
improvisation
n.即席创作
improvise
v.临时准备
in accord with
adv.与...一致
in common
adv.共有
in terms of
adv.根据, 按照, 用...的话, 在...方面
inaccessible
adj.达不到的, 难以接近

His busy schedule made him completely inaccessible to his students.

他的时间排得很满,学生根本无法和他接触。

The scientist discovered the plant in the most inaccessible reaches of the jungle.

这位科学家在丛林深处最难进入的区域发现了这种植物。
inactivate
v.使不活泼, 阻止活动
inadequate
adj.不充分的, 不适当的

His income is inadequate to meet the expense.

他入不敷出。

His explanation is inadequate.

他的解释不充分。
inappropriate
adj.不适当的, 不相称的
incapacitate
vt.使无能力, 使不能胜任
incessant
adj.不断的, 不停的

We are tired of his incessant complaining.

我们对他没完没了的埋怨感到厌烦。
incident
n.事件, 事变
adj.附带的, 易于发生的

The serious incident along the border increased our fears of the war.

边境上的紧张局势加重了我们对战争的忧虑。
inclination
n.倾斜, 弯曲, 倾度, 倾向, 爱好

You always follow your own inclination instead of thinking of our feelings.

你总是随心所欲而不考虑我们的情感。
incongruity
n.不调和的, 不适宜的
incongruous
adj.不调和的, 不适宜的
incorporate
adj.合并的, 结社的, 一体化的
vt.合并, 使组成公司, 具体表现
vi.合并, 混合, 组成公司
vt.[律]结社, 使成为法人组织

Many of your suggestions have been incorporated in the new plan.

你的很多建议已经被纳入新计划中。

We had to incorporate for a company for tax reasons.

鉴于税务原因,我们得组成公司。

The new car design incorporates all the latest safety features.

新的汽车设计具备最新安全措施的一切特点。
incredible
adj.<口>难以置信的

That's the most incredible coincidence I've ever heard of!

那是我听说过的最难以置信的巧合!

He has an incredible house!

他有一所极美的房子!
indent
n.缩进, 契约, 订货单, 凹痕
vi.切割成锯齿状
vt.(印刷, 书写)缩排, 定货, 印凹痕

Please indent the first line of each paragraph.

请于每段第一行缩格书写。

There are long indented coastlines in the South Sea.

在南海有犬牙交错的海岸线。
indicate
vt.指出, 显示, 象征, 预示, 需要, 简要地说明

He indicated his willingness with a nod of his head.

他点头表示愿意。

Research indicates that men find it easier to give up smoking than women.

研究表明,男人比女人更容易戒烟。

Don't forget to indicate before turning.

拐弯之前别忘记指示车行方向。
indication
n.指出, 指示, 迹象, 暗示

Did he give you any indication of his feelings?

他向你表示过他的感情吗?

There are some indications that the prices will rise.

有迹象表明物价将上涨。
indispensable
n.不可缺少之物
adj.不可缺少的, 绝对必要的

Air, food and water are indispensable to life.

空气,食物,水皆为生命不可缺者。

A good dictionary is indispensable for learning a foreign language.

学习外语离不开好的词典。
individualism
n.个人主义, 利己主义
inducible
adj.可诱导的, 可导致的
industrialization
n.工业化, 产业化
industrialized
adj.工业化的
inevitably
adv.不可避免
inextricably
adv.逃不掉地,解决不了地,解不开地
infection
n.[医] 传染, 传染病, 影响, 感染

We should pay more attention to the infection of young people with dangerous ideologies.

我们应该多注意危险的思想意识对年轻人的影响。

People catch all kinds of infections in the winter.

冬天人们易患多种传染病。
inferiority
n.自卑, 次等
infest
v.大批滋生

There is a warehouse infested by rats.

那有一个大批老鼠出没的仓库。

It's a garden infested with weeds.

这是杂草丛生的花园。