Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/51

Click to flip

51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
attention-deficit disorder (ADD)
often diagnosed in childhood and characterized by attention, organization, and behavior-control issues, that can extend into adulthood
attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
typically diagnosed in childhood and adolescence characterized by hyperactivity as well as attention, organization, and behavior-control issues
clinical depression
characterized by depressed mood, lack of energy, abnormal eating patterns, and feelings of despair, guilt, and misery
major depression
characterized by at least five symptoms of clinical depression
mania
characterized by an expressive, impulsive, excitable, and over-reactive nature
manic depression
characterized by extreme and opposite feelings, such euphoria and depression or calmness and rage

AKA bipolar disorder
mood disorders
disorders involving a change in behavior such as clinical depression, emotional swings or manic-depression
mood enhancers
drugs that combat depression by enhancing mood
mood stabilizers
drugs that level mood to treat bipolar disorder and mania
monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAO inhibitors)
drugs inhibiting monoamine oxidase, an enzyme that terminates the actions of neurotransmitters such as dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine, and serotonin
narcolepsy
charcterized by uncontrolled attacks of sleep
negative symptoms
subtract from normal behavior

signs that are used to assist w/diagnosis of schizophrenia
neuroleptic malignant syndrome
potentially fatal condition caused by some anti-psychotic medications

symptoms include an extremely high body temperature, drowsiness, changing blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, and muscle rigidity
neuroleptics
drugs used to treat psychoses
positive symptoms
add on to normal behavior

signs that are used to assist w/diagnosis of schizophrenia
schizoaffective disorder
symptoms similar to schizophrenia & mood disorders
schizophrenia
type of psychosis characterized by abnormal thoughts and thought processes, withdrawal from other people and the outside environment, and apparent preoccupation with one's own mental state
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)
drugs that selectively inhibit the reuptake of serotonin into nerve terminals
serotnin syndrome
set of s/s associated with overmedication with antidepressants
tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)
drugs with a three-ring chemical structure that inhibit the reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin into nerve terminals
The most common type of psychosis is _____.
schizophrenia
Another name for mood disorders is _____ disorders.
affective
The two major types of mood disorders are 1_____ and 2_____ _____.
1) depression

2) bipolar disorder
The three major classes of antidepressants are 1_____ _____, 2_____, and 3_____.
1) MAO inhibitors

2) TCA's

3) SSRI's
Which class of drugs tends to produce severe side effects such as muscle twitching, compulsive motor activity, and a Parkinson-like syndrome?
a. barbiturates
b. phenothiazines
c. benzodiazepines
d. serotonin reuptake inhibitors
b. phenothiazines
The most common age range for the diagnosis of attention-deficit disorder (ADD) is:
a. 0 to 3 yrs
b. 3 to 7 yrs
c. 10 to 13 yrs
d. 15 to 18 yrs
b. 3 to 7 yrs
ADD in children is primarily treated with which class of drugs?
a. CNS depressants
b. Tricyclic antidepressants
c. CNS stimulants
d. SSRIs
c. CNS stimulants
The most widely prescribed medication for ADD is:
a. methylphenidate (Ritalin)
b. dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine)
c. methamphetamine (Dexoxyn)
d. pemoline (Cylert)
a. methylphenidate (Ritalin)
Methylphenidate (Ritalin) produces its effects by activating what portion of the brain?
a. cerebellum
b. hypothalamus
c. pituitary
d. reticular activating system
d. reticular activating system
Methylphnidate (Ritalin) is closely related to which drug class?
a. amphetamines
b. MAO inhibitors
c. tricyclic antidepressants
d. phenothiazines
a. amphetamines
Which of the following is not a common symptom of clinical depression?
a. lack of energy
b. sleep disturbances
c. hallucinations
d. feelings of despair or guilt
c. hallucinations
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a type of _____ that may be treated with drug therapy.
a. ADD
b. psychosis
c. bipolar disorder
d. clinical depression
d. clinical depression
A client with bipolar disorder will exhibit signs of both clinical depression and:
a. psychosis
b. schizophrenia
c. mania
d. ADD
c. mania
Rapid shifts in emotions from profound depression to euphoria and hyperactivity are characteristic of:
a. psychosis
b. bipolar disorder
c. schizophrenia
d. ADD
b. bipolar disorder
Which of the following would least likely be used to treat clinical depression?
a. MAO inhibitors
b. tricyclic antidepressants
c. SSRIs
d. phenothiazines
d. phenothiazines
Monoamine oxidase is a/an:
a. enzyme that breaks down norepinephrine
b. hormone
c. drug used to treat depression
d. enzyme used to synthesize norepinephrine
a. enzyme that breaks down norephinephrine
Eating foods containing tyramine can cause a hypertensive crisis in clients being treated with:
a. MAO inhibitors
b. tricyclic antidepressants
c. SSRIs
d. phenothiazines
a. MAO inhibitors
Phenelzine (Nardil) produces its therapeutic effects by:
a. inhibiting the reuptake of norephinephrine into pre-synaptic nerve terminals.
b. irreversibly inhibiting MAO and intensifying the effects of norephinephrine in the synapse
c. selectively inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin into pre-synaptic nerve terminals
d. interfering with the binding of dopamine to receptors located in the limbic system
b. irreversibly inhibiting MAO and intensifying the effects of norephinephrine in the synapse
Tricyclic antidepressants produce their therapeutic effects by:
a. inhibiting the reuptake of both serotonin and norephinephrine into pre-synaptic nerve terminals
b. irreversibly inhibiting MAO and intensifying the effects of norephinephrine in the synapse
c. selectively inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin into pre-synaptic nerve terminals
d. interfering with the binding of dopamine to receptors located in the limbic system
a. inhibiting the reuptake of both serotonin and norephinephrine into pre-synaptic nerve terminals
Which of the following is not an anticholinergic side effect of therapy with tricyclic anti-depressants?
a. dry mouth
b. orthostatic hypotension
c. fever, shivering, sweating, and muscle spasms
d. heart palpitations and increased heart rate
c. fever, shivering, sweating, and muscle spasms
Fluoxetine (Prozac) produces its therapeutic effects by:
a. inhibiting the reuptake of both serotonin and norepinephrine into pre-synaptic nerve terminals
b. irreversibly inhibiting MAO and intensifying the effects of norepinephrine in the synapse
c. selectivly inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin into pre-synaptic nerve terminals
d. interfering with the binding of dopamine to receptors located in the limbic system
c. selectivly inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin into pre-synaptic nerve terminals
The SSRIs are generally preferred over other classes of antidepressants because they:
a. are more efficacious
b. produce fewer sympathomimetic and anticholinergic side effects
c. do not produce sexual dysfunction
d. cause more extrapyramidal effects
b. produce fewer sympathomimetic and anticholinergic side effects
When taking fluoxetine, foods high in the amino acid _____ should be avoided since it is a chemical precursor for serotonin synthesis.
a. histidine
b. tyramine
c. lysine
d. tryptophan
d. tryptophan
The main drug therapy for the treatment of bipolar disorder is:
a. lithium (Eskalith)
b. chlorpromazine (Thorazine)
c. fluoxetine (Prozac)
d. imipramine (Tofranil)
a. lithium (Eskalith)
Delusions, hallucinations, disordered communication, and difficulty relating to others are symptoms closely associated with:
a. clinical depression
b. bipolar disorder
c. schizophrenia
d. ADD
c. schizophrenia
Which of the following is considered a positive symptom of mental disorder?
a. disorganized thought or speech pattern
b. lack of interest in daily activities
c. low motivation to achieve life goals
d. inability to find pleasure in daily life
a. disorganized thought or speech pattern
Neuroleptics are drugs used to treat:
a. clinical depression
b. psychosis
c. bipolar depression
d. ADD
b. psychosis
Extrapyramidal side effects are best described as:
a. paranoid delusions
b. profound depression
c. seizures
d. distorted body movements and muscle spasms
d. distorted body movements and muscle spasms
Like many anti-psychotics, chlorpromazine (Thorazine) usually takes ____ before its therapeutic effect is achieved.
a. 2 to 3 days
b. 2 to 3 weeks
c. 7 to 8 weeks
d. more than 6 months
c. 7 to 8 weeks
Many of the major effects of chlorpromazine (Thorazine) can be attributed to:
a. inhibiting the reuptake of both serotonin and norepinephrine into pre-synaptic nerve terminals
b. irreversibly inhibiting MAO and intensifying the effects of norepinephrine in the synapse
c. selectively inhibiting the reuptake of serotonin into pre-synaptic nerve terminals
d. interfering with the binding of dopamine to receptors located throughout the brain
d. interfering with the binding of dopamine to receptors located throughout the brain
Atypical anti-psychotics are sometimes preferred over phenothiazines because they:
a. produce no major adverse effects
b. can treat both positive and negative symptoms of psychosis
c. are much more efficacious
d. can improve symptoms within a few days of initial administration
b. can treat both positive and negative symptoms of psychosis