Essay on Social Stratification And Social Inequality

1919 Words Nov 22nd, 2016 8 Pages
Wherever a social inequality appears, there is a social stratification. It reveals not only individual difference but also characteristics of entire society. It is normally distinguished as three social classes: the upper class, the middle class and the lower class, which ranks people typically based on factors like wealth, income, race, education, and power. In most societies, social stratification is primarily based on wealth and occupation, which have a direct correlation with education. In terms of functionalist theory, education contributes manifest and latent functions. Nowadays, colleges and graduate schools are regarded as guarantees for students to bring them the freedom in finance and the sense of security they seek(Pearce, 2015, P213) Indeed, investing in oneself in education is related to social class in the future. However, social inequalities also exist in the stratification where gender and ethnicity could be involved, and conflict theorists believe that education can exaggerate the social inequalities on gender, ethnicity (Pearce, 2015, P215). Gender, ethnicity, and the level of education all contribute to the social stratification, nevertheless, which plays the most significant role in social stratification? Therefore, this essay is going to investigate importance of each factor, and which one is the most vital in Britain. At the first place, the essay will discuss the reason why education is the most crucial factor in social stratification and how education…

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