Essay on The Harlem Renaissance

976 Words Nov 23rd, 2016 4 Pages
During the early 1900s, many black Americans began to move up north due to the industrial boom, and the need for a larger work force. World War one also made it necessary to ensure all military needs were met. Because of the Great Migration, many northern cities were flooded with black migrants looking for a better way of life. However, once the war ended, and soldiers returned home, competition for jobs and housing became fierce as the economy took a turn. Discrimination and segregation was still a social priority. Harlem, one a white only city, fell prey to overdevelopment, and many tenement owners had to concede to the many blacks seeking housing, or lose their properties altogether. Because of these factors, Harlem became a primarily black community: a center where many blacks, and intellectuals, writers, artists, musicians, singers and other entertainers would converge, and ultimately create a movement. The Harlem Renaissance was a literary, intellectual and artistic movement spanning the 1920s to mid-1930s, which was born out of need for self-expression, and sought to change America’s perceptions of black American Culture, while making political statements towards the oppression and discrimination they experienced (Hine, Hine, & Harrold, 2013, p. 456). A major component of the movement was literature. Writers like W.E.B. Du Bois, and James Weldon Johnson (both leaders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (N.A.A.C.P.)), Langston Hughes,…

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