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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the stem vowel for a 3rd conjugation verb?
-e- (without a macron)
What are the 3rd-4th conjugation future active endings?
am emus
es etis
et ent
What are the 3rd-4th conjugation future passive endings?
ar emur
eris emini
etur entur
What does it mean for a 3rd conjugation verb to be i-stem or an -io verb?
The first principle part of a 3rd conjugation verb ends in -io.
What guideline must be followed when forming the present tense of a 3rd conjugation verb?
Go to the 2nd principle part, take off the -re and change the -e- to an -i-.
What guideline must be followed when forming the imperfect tense of a 3rd conjugation verb?
Go to the 2nd principle part, take off the -re. (add a macron over the -e-) DO NOT CHANGE THE -e- TO AN -i-.
What guideline must be followed when forming the future tense of a 3rd conjugation verb?
Go to the 2nd principle part, take off the -ere.
What is an appositive?
A noun (or noun phrase) placed next to another noun to futher clarify or modify it.
How must an appositive agree with its antecedent?
Number and Case (You cannot change the gender of a noun, so it cannot always agree in gender.)
What is the imperative singular for facio, facere (3), feci, factum
fac
What is a cardinal number?
A counting number, one used to tell "how many" of something, e.g. one, two, three...
What is an ordinal number?
A number used to describe the place of something in a sequence, e.g. first, second, third...
What part of speech are numbers?
Adjectives
Which Latin cardinal numbers are declinable?
unus, duo, tres
How is tres, tria declined?
Like a regular 3rd declension adjective:
tres tria
trium trium
tribus tribus
tres tria
tribus tribus
When aut is used twice in a sentence (aut..aut), what does it mean?
either...or
When et is used twice in a sentence (et...et), what does it mean?
both...and
What is the abbreviation for atque?
ac.
What is the present active imperative plural of rego?
regite (because it is in the present tense, you must change the -e- to -i- before adding the ending.)
How is the perfect system (both active and passive) formed in the 3rd-4th conjugations?
regularly
What are three ways an appositive can be used?
1. to explain or clarify a noun
2. with an understood subject
3. to indicate time
What is the objective genitive?
The genitive case used as if it were the object of a noun containing the idea of action. (e.g. leader, care, flight)
When is the ablative of separation formed using a preposition?
With persons or concerete nouns
When is the ablative of separation formed without a preposition?
With abstract nouns
When is the ablative of separation used?
When no motion is implied
What is the Apostle's Creed in Latin? (you should be able to write this out in full, with correct spelling.)
Credo in Deum patrem omnipotentem, Creatorem caeli et terrae.
Et in Iesum Christum, filium eium unicum, Dominum nostrum, qui conceptus est de Spiritu Sancto, natus ex Maria vigine, passus sub Pontio Pilato, crucifixus, mortuus, et sepultus. Descendit ad inferna, tertia die resurrexit a mortuis, ascendit ad caelos, sedet ad dexteram Dei Patris omnipotentis, inde venturus iudicare vivos et mortuos.
Credo in Spiritum Sanctum, sanctam ecclesiam catholicam, sanctorum communionem, remissionem peccatorem, carnis resurrectionem, vitam aeternam. Amen.
Who was Alexander the Great's horse?
Bucephalus
Where was Alexander the Great from?
Macedonia
Who did Alexander the Great fight on the banks of the Hydaspes River?
Porus, king of the Indians
What are the (lost) primary sources for information on Alexander the Great's battles?
His letters
What does "viri antiqui" mean?
men of old; old-fashioned men (It does not mean old men)
Give the case use for the words in quotes:

He was freed "from all care."
ablative of separation
Give the case use for the words in quotes:

He defended his daughter "from the danger."
ablative of specification
Give the case use for the words in quotes:

I gave the book to my son "Marcus."
appositive
Give the case use for the words in quotes:

Caesar was the leader "of the forces."
objective genitive
Give the case use for the words in quotes:

The people made Juilius Caesar "consul."
predicate accusative
Give the case use for the words in quotes:

The boy was called "Alexander" by his father.
predicate nominative
Give the case use for the words in quotes:

The men won the victory "with courage and weapons."
ablative of means
What does "iter facere" mean?
to make a march; to march
What does "bellum gerere" mean?
to wage war