Middle East And Islamic Movements During Its Nascent Stages Of Development

1460 Words Nov 17th, 2016 6 Pages
Now, how did non-Sunni Kurds approach and feel about Kurdish nationalism during its nascent stages of development? For many non-Sunni Kurds, Kurdish nationalism was just another attempt at reinforcing religious dominance over other religious communities in the area, not much different from its ethnically diverse neighbors. These minorities mostly rejected Kurdish nationalism during this period. By the 1800s many sectarian differences had come to a head after subsequent battles between the great empires in the Middle East and Islamic movements in response to European colonial exposure. The Naqshbandi Order’s popularity in Kurdistan is a testament to these factors. For instance, Shaykh Khalid, the 19th century Kurdish Naqshbandi shaykh responsible for bringing the order to Kurdistan, was known for his very inflammatory views against other religious sects in the region. Butrus Abu-Manneh reports that the shaykh, while promoting a very enthusiastic revival of the Muslim umma and sharia and cleanse of impure practices, suggested replacing the ending prayer of the Sufi dhikr ritual with a prayer calling God to “annihilate the Jews, Christians, fire worshippers and the Persian Shiites” (15). With the growth of more conventional Islamic revivalist movements throughout the Muslim world and the spread of identity politics, the differences between religious groups were codified and enflamed. While the Naqshbandi Order was extremely decentralized unlike many other Sufi…

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