The Clash Between Pope Boniface Viii And King Philip Iv Of France

1813 Words Nov 18th, 2016 8 Pages
The clash between Pope Boniface VIII and King Philip IV of France began in the year 1296 over taxation of the French Clergy. Specifically, King Philip IV implemented taxes over the clergy and all other laymen of the French kingdom with a motive to fuel a war with King Edward I of England. Refuting this, Boniface asserted that no cleric was to pay taxes to a king without proper papal consent. If the clergy went against his commands, Boniface threatened excommunication to all who ignored him. Though on the surface it appeared as if the quarrel was over taxation, in reality it represented who had the ultimate control and power over the French Clergy. This conflict over influence between Philip and Boniface is commonly referred to as a “Crisis in the Late Medieval Church,” as it would later prove to have a huge impact on the future of the Papacy. To understand each side’s stance, it is useful to look at historical primary sources. Boniface’s position regarding the matter can be understood in Clericis laicos (source 7.18, RMA) and Unam sanctam (source 7.19, RMA). Philip’s stance is highlighted in Charges of Heresy against Boniface VIII (Source 7.20, RMA). Though certain aspects appeared to remain intact, a new relationship between the papacy and worldly rulers emerged as those of secular powers gained greater control. Being threatened by King Philip IV, the Papacy along with Pope Boniface VIII found themselves reiterating and reconfirming the values of the church to those…

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