the growing importance of groups in organizations (Van Dyne, Kossek, & Lobel, 2007), and the potential for bullying
behaviors to impact negatively on them, theoretical and empirical work at the group
level of analysis is limited in the bullying domain (Einarsen, Hoel, Zapf, & Cooper, 2003;
Heames & Harvey, 2006; Sparks, Faragher, & Cooper, 2001).
Work-place bullying has largely been conceptualized and investigated as an individual
(Olweus, 1991) or interpersonal phenomenon (Einarsen