Workplace Bullying

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Workplace violence and aggression are quite prevalent in nursing care. However, bullying is identified as a serious concern within the nursing care for its multi-dimensional negative consequences (Rodwell & Demir, 2012, p. 15-16). The Workplace Health and Safety, Queensland defines the bullying as a repeated behaviour of a person towards a worker that the worker considers as unwelcoming and unsolicited and that any reasonable person would also perceive as offensive, intimidating, humiliating or threatening (excluding sexual harassment) (Workplace bullying, 2016).
Bullying impacts on the staff, the organization and the patient outcomes for varied reasons. The bullying at workplace arises from certain personal or organizational factors. The bullying
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The coercive micropolitical behaviour is the illegitimate use of formal authority at a workplace: personal attack (isolation, intimidation, humiliation); erosion of professional competence and reputation ( limiting career); and, attack through work roles and tasks (obstruction to work, denial of natural justice, economic sanctions) (Hutchinson, Vickers, Wilkes & Jackson, 2010,p. 15-16).
Implications of Bullying for Nursing Care
The bullying threatens the caring and supporting environment essential for the patient care subjecting them to a health risk (Chapovalov & Van Hulle, 2015). The several research studies link bullying to impacting adversely on patient outcomes, occupational stress levels and high nurse-turnover rate (Mosadeghrad, 2013, p. 169-176)
The negative consequences can be broadly categorized as hereunder: (Croft & Cash, 2012).
Psychological Impact: Hansen, Hogh and Persson (2011) demonstrated that bullied individuals had higher scores for somatic, cognitive, and depressive symptoms wit marked reduction in Salivary cortisol levels consistent with stress reactions (p. 19-27). Bullying affects health professionals negatively leading individuals to depression, low esteem, substance abuse or be a reason for post traumatic stress (Mosadeghrad, 2013, p.

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