Chemical element

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  • Atsuete Beets Experiment

    Results and Discussion A. Diffusion of selected plant pigments In conducting the diffusion of 4 different kinds of treatments (distilled water, distilled water placed in boiling bath, vegetable oil, heated vegetable oil), the researchers made use of the atsuete and sugar beets. The different kinds of treatments determined how the temperature will affect the color intensity of the atsuete and sugar beets. There were 4 test tubes used in each atsuete and sugar beets with each having a…

    Words: 963 - Pages: 4
  • Tetrahydrocarbazole Synthesis Lab Report

    The heterocyclic compounds naming tetrahydrocarbazoles having the significant biological properties. The newly substituted tetrahydrocarbazole derivatives were prepared from substituted phenylhydrazine and cyclohexanone in glacial acetic acid under reflux. These intermediates on reaction with substituted aromatic acid chlorides in alkaline media finally converted to N-Substituted tetrahydrocarbazoles. Fifteen compounds are synthesized and charaterized by their melting point (MP), IR, NMR, MS…

    Words: 895 - Pages: 4
  • Electrolyte And Redox Reaction Lab

    Question: Does a higher voltage lead to more mass on graphite? INTRODUCTION Hypothesis: Higher voltage leads to more mass amassed on graphite electrode. Electrolysis- the process in which electric current passes through a solution to effect a chemical change. In this case there is copper, copper sulphate and graphite. In a electrolysis there is an electrolyte which is the copper sulphate, the anode which is the graphite. This is the positively charged electrode. Graphite is usually used in…

    Words: 1162 - Pages: 5
  • Oligoetherol Synthesis

    New method of synthesis of oligoetherols with carbazole ring Renata Lubczak Abstract: The new method of synthesis of multifuntional oligoetherols with carbazole ring suitable for obtaining the polyurethane foams of enhanced thermal resistance was presented. At the first step of the synthesis the carbazole was reacted with excess glycidol to obtain the product of (n +1) functionality, where n is number of equivalents of glycidol reacted with carbazole. Carbazole reacts with glycidol without…

    Words: 3560 - Pages: 15
  • Biodiesel Production Case Study

    Biodiesel production is usually expressed through the process of trans-esterification reaction. Recently, homogeneous catalysts are broadly preferred for biodiesel production in eminent scale operation. Still, they are toxic, highly flammable and corrosive in nature [1]. Boey et al. analysed the purpose of the waste cockle shell from palm olein oil in biodiesel production of Anadara granosa. At 900 °C the waste shell was calcined for 2 h that mainly compiled of 71% of Ca to develop an active…

    Words: 946 - Pages: 4
  • Computational Fluid Dynamics Case Study

    5. SUMMARY We have derived Laplace's equation for steady-state water flow in two dimensions and have explained how the equation is solved by three Relaxation Methods: Jacobi, Gauss Siedel and Successive Over-Relaxation on a discrete 20 10 grids. The numerical method was illustrated by a Matlab programming code. 6. References [1] John D. Anderson, JR (1995). Computational Fluid Dynamics: The Basics with Applications .McGraw Hill, Inc. [2] Anderson, J.D. (1995). Computational Fluid Dynamics.…

    Words: 800 - Pages: 4
  • Principle Components Of Rankine Cycle

    Principle components of Rankine cycle: The four basic components of Rankine cycle are shown in figure 1 each component in the cycle is regarded as control volume, operating at steady state. Pump: The liquid condensate leaving the condenser at the state 1 is pumped to the operating pressure of the boiler. The pump operation is considered isentropic. Boiler: The heat is supplied in the working fluid (feed water) in the boiler and thus vapour is generated. The vapour leaving the boiler is wther…

    Words: 766 - Pages: 4
  • Characteristics Of Intermolecular Forces

    They are responsible for physical properties of compounds such as crystal structures, melting points, boiling points, vaporization, viscosity and surface tension, but not the chemical behavior of the three states of matter; when a molecular substance changes states, the atoms within the molecule are unchanged. These properties can therefore be used in identifying an unknown sample by comparing for example its observed melting…

    Words: 1875 - Pages: 8
  • 1.4 Effect Of Microcrystalline Cellulose Case Study

    1.4 Effect of Microcrystalline Cellulose (MCC)Type Formula F12 was utilized to study the effect of changing the type of MCC(Avecil PH-101 ) as a carrier material instead of (Avecil PH-102) in F8 on the dissolution behavior of the prepared Zolmitriptan liquisolid ODTs. Although the DT of formula F12 (79 sec.) was greater than F8 (48 sec.) as in Table(18),the dissolution behavior of the formula F12 was faster than F8 as in Table (18) and Figure (48), this difference was non…

    Words: 898 - Pages: 4
  • Experiment Freezing Point Experiment

    The purpose of this experiment was to learn techniques to determine the freezing point of a pure benzophenone, a solvent. Furthermore, methods for determining the freezing point depression in relation to the solute, cyclohexanone, concentration were employed in addition to learning what molality is and how it related to the colligative properties being studied. These objectives were achieved by melting both pure benzophenone and benzophenone/cyclohexanone solutions (two solutions with…

    Words: 929 - Pages: 4
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