Chemical element

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  • Microscopyrrole Synthesis Essay

    Abstract: We describe the successful synthesis of Polypyrrole-Gold nanocomposites (PPy-Au NCs) by the chemical oxidative polymerization of pyrrole with ferric chloride as an oxidizing agent, in the presence of a colloidal suspension of gold nanoparticles. Gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) were synthesized by standard citrate reduction method. Au NPs and PPy-Au NCs were characterized by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Atomic Forced Microscopy (AFM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Fourier…

    Words: 1011 - Pages: 5
  • Platelet Poor Clasma Case Study

    Case study one 1. Principle of APTT: Platelet poor plasma (PPP) is incubated at 37 degrees Celsius then phospholipid (cephalin) and a contact activator (e.g.: Kaolin, ellagic acid) are added followed by calcium (all pre-warmed to 37 degrees Celsius). Addition of calcium initiates clotting and timing begins. The APTT measures the time required to regenerate thrombin and fibrin polymers via the intrinsic and common pathways. Reagents:  Platelet poor plasma (PPP)  Surface activator: example;…

    Words: 1142 - Pages: 5
  • Polyvinyl Chloride Plastisols

    In this study, the changes in the rheological curves of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastisols with increasing storage time and the factors affecting the changes were studied,. The results show that with increasing storage time, all the "viscosity–temperature" and "viscosity–time" rheological curves of PVC plastisols exhibit non-normal distribution change trends, i.e., the viscosity first decreases, and then changes from slow increasing to rapid increasing, forming a shoulder peak, reaches to the…

    Words: 1015 - Pages: 5
  • P-Nitrophenol Lab Report

    Chapter 4 - Discussion A standard curve of p-nitrophenol was drawn at the start of the project, before any enzyme assay of the fractions. The standard curve is set up so the equation of the line can be used to measure the enzyme activity in each sample fraction. P-nitrophenol shows a linear relationship with acid phosphatase. An Enzyme assay gives the activity levels of acid phosphatase in each fraction. The results from each fraction were placed into the equation of the line from the standard…

    Words: 1312 - Pages: 6
  • Carbon Dioxide In Recirculating Aquaculture Systems

    (2000) and Hu (2011) looked into controlling the levels of CO2 through the use of chemical additives. Hu (2011) concluded that this method could have negative side effects on recirculating aquaculture systems. The use of paddlewheel and submerged aerators for CO¬2 control was investigated by Eschar et al. (2003). He found that paddlewheel…

    Words: 770 - Pages: 4
  • Synthesis Of The Macro PEG-RAFT Agent (CTA)

    Synthesis of PEG-RAFT agent The synthesis of the macro PEG -RAFT agent, Chain Transfer Agent (CTA), was performed by esterification method. Briefly, RAFT agent (0.4 g, 1.5 mmol) and dihydroxyl PEG (2g, 0.5 mmol) were dissolved in 35 mL of DCM in a 250 mL round bottom flask equipped with a magnetic stirrer. Then, it was placed in an ice bath (0 ºC); Next, DCC (0.25 g, 1.2 mmol) and DMAP (0.015 g, 0.12 mmol) were added. After 30 min of stirring at 0 °C, the reaction temperature is elevated to room…

    Words: 1063 - Pages: 5
  • Trypsin Lab Report

    important for the digestion of proteins. Enzymes are biological catalysts for metabolic process in cells. A catalyst is a substance that changes the rate of a reaction. Enzymes act as catalysts for chemical reactions in the body. Enzymes are large proteins that are not consumed or changed in a chemical reaction. They are highly specific to the substrate - the substance an enzyme acts on - they act upon. When an enzyme is available with an empty active site, the substrate binds to the enzyme. The…

    Words: 928 - Pages: 4
  • Calorimetric Determination Of Enthalpy Of Sodium Sulfate

    The Calorimetric Determination of Enthalpy and Entropy Changes of the Thermal Decomposition of Sodium Sulphate Decahydrate Abstract Sodium sulphate decahydrate thermally decomposes to anhydrous sodium sulphate at 50⁰ C and cools to form anhydrous sodium sulphate. Using Hess's Law the enthalpy and entropy changes of this process can be determined in order to deduce the spontaneity of the reaction. The transition temperature was determined by melting the hydrated crystals at 50⁰ C and allowing…

    Words: 1185 - Pages: 5
  • Ammonium Perchlorate Lab Report

    Figure 3. Possible reaction mechanism for the decomposition of ammonium perchlorate. Based on the findings from all of the used techniques, the species formed in the beginning are ammonium ion, oxygen and chlorine species. The decomposition products of ammonium ion were hydroxylamine, ammonia and nitrogen dioxide. The perchlorate ion loses one of the oxygen atoms and forms chlorate ion. The ammonia is lost in reaction through formation of hydroxylamine, which is formed in reaction between…

    Words: 1761 - Pages: 8
  • Synthesis Of P-Nitrophenol And Hexacyanoferrate

    Catalytic Reduction of p-Nitrophenol and Hexacyanoferrate (III) by Borohydride Using Green Synthesized Gold Nanoparticles, G. Bhagavanth Reddy.; D. Ramakrishna,; A. Madhusudhan,; D. Ayodhya,; M. Venkatesham and G. Veerabhadram*.Journal of Chinese Chemical Society. 17, 2015; 420-428. 2. G.Bhagavanth Reddy,; A. Madhusudhan,; D. Ramakrishna,;D.Ayodhya,;M. Venkatesham.; G. Veerabhadram,; Green chemistry approach for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles with gum kondagogu: characterization,…

    Words: 899 - Pages: 4
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