Solanaceae

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    Symbiotic Relationships

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    “It’s a tough world out there when you’re an herbivore, particularly for us insects.” I’m a Green Stinkbug (Nezara viridula). I’ll guide you through some of current battles between us and plants. These battles are constant, and have been on-going since the rise of the first plants and insects. This co-evolution process has developed symbiotic relationships- both good (commensalism) and bad (predation/parasitism) depending on whose side you’re on. The relationships we’ll see are between insects, plants, parasitoids (nasty things!) and occasionally humans. I will also clarify any misconceptions that have developed in the human world, you’ll know the real story. To begin, there are some details to know. Plants have deterrents and toxins in their structures, they developed structure that allow them to store these chemicals without damaging themselves. Some are constitutive (always there), and others are induced. Some constitutive chemicals are what make herbs and spices for humans, these are metabolic products their primary function is for defense. We will be focusing on both reactions. Over here, you’ll see the tragedy of the interaction between the fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) and bugleweed (Ajuga remota). These plants are capable of producing phytoecdysone. This is similar to ecdysteroids (or ecdysone) in insects. This hormone regulates our growth and molting development. Armyworms that ate this plant molted “from larvae to pupae, [and] each insect grew not one but…

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    Lilith Vita's Short Story

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    said. “Which will be, you of course.” “Shut up Solanaceae.” “I think not.” The other girl who sat beside Lilith, almost as irritatedly, was Persephone Solanaceae. Lilith and her were as opposite as you could get – as long as you don't count the equally as hot tempers. And the fact that they were both oddly violent. . . …... …....... Persephone Solanaceae was known throughtout Ravenwood as the scariest Witch to walk the halls. She was composed, cold and poised to fight at all times. She…

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    Pratinidhi Case Study

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    ‘Abhavapratinidhi dravyas’ mentioned in Bhavaprakasha are represented in Table 1. Table. 1. List of some important herbal drugs and their substitutes according to Bhavaprakasha (adopted and modified from Sastry, 2002; Chunekar, 2004; Giri et al., 2013) No. Original drug Family Parts used Substitue drug Family Parts used 1 Plumbago zeylanica Plumbaginaceae Root bark/Root Balliospermum montanum Euphorbiaceae Roots 2 Alhagi camerlorum Fabaceae Whole plant Fagonia arabica Zygophyllaceae…

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    evolving. The genome of wheat and rye are different by 13 chromosomal rearrangements after only 6 million years of divergence (Devos). This rate is reshuffling is twice the average rate for nine taxa. Only Brassica-Arabidopsis lineage possesses a faster rate of reshuffling (Paterson). The Solanaceae The Solanaceae family includes a few economically important plant species such as tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), pepper (Capsicum annum), potato (S.tuberosum), eggplant (S.melongena) and tobacco…

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    Contact Therapy Case Study

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    name- ‘Neem’ MBP- 10 Person suffering from small pox and rheumatic pain is made to sit under the plant to take rest for 3 days and nights. 6. Calotropis procera (Ait.) R.Br. (Asclepiadaceae) Local name- ‘Mandar’ MBP- 61 A patient takes rest on mattresses stuffed with floss of fruits of the plant to relieve rheumatic pain. 7. Capsicum annum L. (Solanaceae ) Local name- ‘Mirachi’ MBP- 220 Dried chilies are kept below the pillow over night to stop bad dreams. 8.…

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    This can be explained by concerted evolution as a result of unequal crossover and gene conversions among gene copies. I examined gene conversion events among Angiosperms, and identified different patterns in different subfamilies. I detected simple duplication events followed by speciation in Solanaceae, loss of gene copies in Grass, and old gene duplication followed by independent gene conversions in different two clades of Brassicaceae. However, these observed gene conversion events differs…

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    Zoroastria Research Paper

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    nearly chemically identical. This furthers the claim that entheogens such as psilocybin had an effect on the development of human consciousness, as serotonin is a neurotransmitter essential for perception. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries during the European Witchcraft trials, many records indicate witches using magical ointments to invoke powers. German toxicologist Gustav Schenk (1955: 33), noting one of the most common ingredients for these ointments to belonged to the nightshade…

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    dehydrogenase activity of the soil and its activity is an indicator for microbial activity of the soil. Thus, soil fungi concentrate in the subsoil and play a major role in organic matter build up by decomposition and degradation of resistant organic component such as cellulose, lignin and chitin. They also participate in the stabilization of soil aggregates due to their filamentous nature and thus may prevent soil erosion (Banda et al., 2011). Therefore, soil amendments with organic materials…

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    Tomatoes Research Papers

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    as a non-edible plant. After this stigma was overcome in the early 1700’s, tomatoes began to gain in popularity, with many new tomato recipes coming out around the 1880’s. It is thought that the first tomatoes must have been yellow, as Pomodoro (Italian for tomato) literally translates as golden apple. However, most varieties grown today are red. Tomatoes are red because they contain lycopene, an antioxidant compound which has been shown to be a powerful anti-carcinogen. They also contain a lot…

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    popular? It can be very harmful to people and yet people still act like it does not affect them. Even though it is not easy for people to stop using tobacco products. There are many programs that can help people quit using tobacco (Moody-Thomas 646-652). The outlaw of tobacco products would lead to tobacco no longer being the number one cause of death in the world (Moody-Thomas 646-652). Tobacco products were first discovered about eight thousand years ago. Two plants called Nicotiana rustica…

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