Saladin

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    Salah al-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub aka Saladin, (1138–1193) was born in Tikrit, Iraq. Saladin (meaning "Righteousness of Religion"), was the founder of the Ayyūbid dynast. With the justification of Jihad, which united the Muslims, and his authority gained through conquest and diplomacy, Saladin gained victory at the decisive Battle of Hattin, which ended the dominance of the Franks in the holy land. In addition, the Franks were fighting amongst themselves which diminished their strength and led to their defeat in 1187. Furthermore, Saladin was born into power and enjoyed a high profile with Nur ad-Din whom he would later replace as Sultan of a unified Egypt, Palestine, Upper Mesopotamia and Syria. Jihad, coupled with Frankish discord, and Saladin’s…

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    Adaptive Leader Analysis: Saladin – Presentation Outline 1.) Saladin was a hero of Islam, due to his impeccable abilities to unite the Muslim people and his prowess in the military environment. He earns this title as recognition for his devotion to his faith and to his people. He had also earned a reputation as a fair and just opponent to his enemies, such is because of his generosity and his civility. Saladin also campaigned from the North African coast, in Egypt, Arabia, Syria, and…

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    In the real history of Crusades the king Philip II who is the Christian believer and the leader of the Christians but in the movie kingdom of Heaven he doubt in the Christian. In the Crusades there he controlled the Jerusalem, as the place where Christ lived and died and held a central role. In the middle ages the Christians were attacked by the Muslims and conquered the Holy land and later there was a war against the Palestine by the king Philip and Knights Templar. After the battle against…

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    Why did the Franks lose the Battle of Hattin? The Battle of Hattin occurred on July 4, 1187. The Battle was between the Ayyubid Dynasty led by Sultan Saladin that was determined to retake the Holy lands in the name of Sunni Islam and Frankish Crusaders led by recently crowned King Guy of Lusignan that were attempting to defend the Principality of Galilee. The battle occurred after Saladin’s army crossed into Galilee and besieged the city of Tiberias on July 2 1187, the Franks marched to…

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    Muslim forces defeated the Crusaders which ended the Second Crusade. Nur al-Din would go on to add Damascus to his expanding empire in 1154. After a number of attempts by the Crusaders of Jerusalem to capture Egypt, Nur al-Din’s forces (led by the general Shirkuh and his nephew Saladin) seized Cairo in 1169 and forced the Crusader army to evacuate . After Shirku’s death, Saladin assumed control and began a major campaign against the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem. His army practically destroyed…

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    To keep control over the crusader states, like Edessa, some European lords were slaved. The Holy Order of Knights attacked back, when a Crusader state was stormed, the two most powerful monarchs involved were Emperor Conrad III and King Louis VII. Most of the Crusaders ended up going home and the plan was unsuccessful because the Emperor and the King both wanted to take over Damascus instead of protecting Edessa. The few Crusaders who stayed, helped defend Jerusalem. The Sixth Crusade This…

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    alliance with Emperor Manuel and invaded Egypt again, Shirkuh and Nur ad-Din forced them out and Nur ad-Din gained full control of Egypt. Shirkuh was was named vizier, and was later succeeded by his nephew Saladin. Upon Nur ad-Din’s death his young son succeeded. Although Saladin declared himself to be a vassal of As-Salih Ismail al-Malik, it was only a matter of time before he married Nur ad-Din’s widow, defeated any other claimants to the throne, and in 1185 took power in Syria and founded…

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    Pope Gregory VIII issued a Crusade bull calling for fasting and penitence. Three rulers answered the call, the first being William II of Sicily. It was at the suggestion of William that Richard I (The Lion-Heart) of England and Phillip II of France met and signed an agreement outlining their mutual goals of the Crusade. Richard’s first success was the defeat and capture of Comnenus and the conquering of Cyprus. Richard and Phillip than successfully took Acre. However due to disputes between…

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    The Third Crusades

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    leader of the Christians, while Saladin was perceived as the sultan of the Muslim people. These men were known as some of the best Medieval leaders of their time, instigating both of their names to be mentioned repeatedly in the history of the Crusades for centuries to come. King Richard I, also known as Richard the Lionheart, was born on September 8, 1157 in…

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    3rd Crusades

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    The two kings met in the city of Messina and on June 8th Richard began his seige on the city of Acre (Madden). However once the Crusaders intered the city Richard and Philip had a dispute that split the Crusade (Madden). Philip decided that he had fulfiled his Crusaders vow and abandoned the Crusade (Madden). This left Richard entirely in charge of the Crusade. A mounth after Richard arrived at the seige of Acre the garrison surrendered (Madden). This directly violated the Muslim leader…

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