Kingdom of Jerusalem

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    Israel in relation to its Arabic neighbors. Politically, economically, and religiously disconnected from its territorial surroundings, with heavy reliance on Western powers for security and growth, Israel almost parallels the experience of the Christian Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem. Though despite being territorially surrounded by, and economically and militarily inferior to, its Arabic and orthodox neighbors—mainly the Byzantines to the north in Anatolia, the Fatimid Caliphate to the south in the Nile river basin, and the Seljuk Empire to the east—the new kingdom enjoyed relative success and stability throughout the twelfth century. This phenomenon lays at the heart of my proposed research.…

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    The Crusades were a series of wars fought between Christians and Muslims over the holy land of Jerusalem. There were many crusades, but the first three are the most remembered. The outcomes of these wars were varied. The Christians won the first, the Muslims won the second, and the third was ended in a peace treaty. In the First Crusade, the Byzantines were being harmed by the Turks. The Byzantines called for the help of the Catholic Church. For Pope Urban II to get supporters to go to war, he…

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    CRUSADES AND THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN The crusade is the group of wars which was undertaken by Christians of the western European which was done to control from the Muslim. These wars was held between 11th, 12th and the 13th century. This history is mostly about the wars and the political situations between the kingdoms. In the movie Kingdom of Heaven (2005) presents the drama related to the history of the crusades which started in an ancient time. This story is about the crusades of the kings and…

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    The First Crusades

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    The Crusades From 1095 to 1291, Christians from the western part of Europe embarked on eight separate attacks against the Muslims in the Middle East. These attacks became known as Crusades and the main goal of the battles were to take the Holy Land and Jerusalem from Muslim rule and give it to the Christians in Europe. While many Crusades were launched against the Muslims, few were actually successful. The First Crusade started because the Muslim group known as the Seljuk Turks took over…

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    Seljuk Turks Essay

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    Turks moved from Central Asia to Middle West in the eleventh CE century. One of the tribes called the Seljuk Turks, occupied Persia and then moved west slowly. Battle of Manzikert in 1071 CE is where the Seljuk Turks met Byzantine emperor and his army. The Byzantine emperor was killed, and army was destroyed. After taken over Byzantine the Seljuk Turks moved into Anatolia. Moving south again the were able to occupy the Holy Land. Religion played a role in the origins of the Crusades or…

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    As a result the Emperor Alexias went to ask Pope Urban the second for protection against the Muslims. Pope Urban looked at this as a way to gain land for the Christian faith and accepted, he gave a speech calling all Christians to join forces to claim Jerusalem and the Holy Land. To further motivate people the Pope promised any past sins would be cleansed if they were to join the crusades. This brought many volunteers that had no experience, Peter the hermit took advantage this and created the…

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    To keep control over the crusader states, like Edessa, some European lords were slaved. The Holy Order of Knights attacked back, when a Crusader state was stormed, the two most powerful monarchs involved were Emperor Conrad III and King Louis VII. Most of the Crusaders ended up going home and the plan was unsuccessful because the Emperor and the King both wanted to take over Damascus instead of protecting Edessa. The few Crusaders who stayed, helped defend Jerusalem. The Sixth Crusade This…

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    In 1096, Pope Urban II decreed that the crusaders had to give Alexius I, emperor of the Byzantine Empire the lands that they seized. During the siege of Antioch, Alexius I abandoned the crusaders to defend themselves against infidels, therefore, after the fall of Jerusalem, the crusaders did not obey Urban II’s order because they felt betrayed by Alexius I. In 1099, after the crusaders celebrated their victory, they concluded that they had to repopulate the city, appoint a rule, and expand…

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    having slaughtered hundreds of men, women, and children in their invasion of the city of Jerusalem in 1099, the Christians set up several Christian states. Muslims in the region vowed to wage jihad, or Holy War, to regain control over the region. Many of the Crusaders simply went home, since they had completed their task. To govern the conquered territory, those who remained established four ‘Crusader states’ in Jerusalem, Edessa, Antioch and Tripoli. Muslim forces began gaining ground in their…

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    Crusade in the Middle East The definition of crusade is pilgrimage journey. The Crusades that were hurled on the holy land in 1095 at the convention of Clermont from Urban II speech to siege and defeat of Jerusalem in 1099 by the Crusaders (Kohler, 2013). This crusade commenced a new phase of affiliation among the West and the Near East. The first Crusade represented the war against the Muslim to aid Byzantines to take back control over the Holy Land. Many innocent people were…

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