Halogen

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    Introduction Interhalogen compounds are molecules containing two or more different halogen atoms. The general formula for interhalogen consists of XYn, where n is equal to 1,3,5 or 7 and the central halogen, X, being less electronegative than halogen Y results in the formation of polarized covalent bonds. This experiment consisted of using experimental techniques to synthesize and decompose highly reactive, thus unstable, interhalogens that seemingly violate the octet rule. Synthesis reaction: KClO3 + I2 + 6HCl → KCl + 2ICl3 + 3H2O Decomposition reaction: I2Cl6 → 2ICl + 2Cl2 The halogens used within this experiment consisted of Iodine and Chlorine to produce an oxidizing reagent Iodine trichloride. Due to electron orbitals and their interactions…

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    Introduction: In this laboratory, free-radical halogenation was used in order to brominate compounds such as toluene, ethylbenzene, isopropylbenzene and t-butylbenzene (structures as seen below). Free-radical halogenation consists of a halogen, connected through sigma bonding, breaking and interacting with the side chain of the aromatic compound. The three steps in the process of halogenation take place in the presence of light and are labeled as initiation, propagation and termination.…

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    Astatine Research Paper

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    Contrary to the title, the discovery of astatine was anything but a momentary process. Many scientists discovered different astatine isotopes, atoms with the same number of protons but differing numbers of neutrons, but were unable to either reproduce their results or keep the isotope in existence for any useful amount of time. After decades of possible discovery and rediscovery, astatine was officially included in the periodic table of elements with the abbreviation At and an atomic number of…

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    able to be see during responses after dark, and would also far less visible to others during the daytime. Headlights come in a few different styles. The three compaired here will be Halogen, Xenon, and LED headlights. They will be compaired on their economics, effectiveness, and overall safety. Halogen bulbs are the most popular headlight in use today, mainly because they are cheap. Halogen is a term used to describe a group of five very dangerous chemicals. Every bulb has a thin piece of metal…

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    Experiment 5: Anions and Redox Reactions Introduction (a) Objectives General: To examine the importance of potassium permanganate as an oxidising agent and the strong powers of halogens in oxidation. Part 1 Determining the colour associated with a certain halogen by adding a sample of the halogen to cyclohexane and recording the colours observed. Part 2 Identifying a halogen referring to the colours recorded in part 1, by reacting the halogen with a halide and observing the colour present.…

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    with aqueous alkali and water which contains dissolved silver nitrate. Halogenoalkanes are alkanes which have one or more hydrogen atoms replaced by halogen atoms such as fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br) and iodine (I) which are the elements in group 7 in periodic table. Halogenoalkanes have the general formula, RX, whereby R is an alkyl or substituted alkyl group and X is any of the halogen atom. Besides, halogenoalkanes can also be classified into three categories according to what is…

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    reactivity increases. However, group 7 are halogens which are reactive, but they are metal. They are also different from group one as their reactivity decreases as you go down. Also, the elements becomes darker as you go down the group. Chemical reactions of group 1: The group 1 alkali metals are very reactive when put in water, as it produces hydrogen gas and alkaline solution (alkali metal hydroxide). The alkali metals reacts very fast and violent with water, as when you place the metals…

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    Ref: Saunders N. 2000, Creative Chemistry You have seen that the Group 1 alkali metal elements increase in reactivity as you go down the group. Sodium is less reactive than potassium, which is less reactive than rubidium (which you weren’t allowed to observe directly!) Today, you will use displacement reactions to work out the order of reactivity of the Group 17 halogen elements using chlorine, bromine and iodine. Hypothesis: The higher on the periodic table the more reactive the element…

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    Fluorine Research Paper

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    Fluorine is an element on the periodic table. Fluorine atomic number is 9. Fluorine is a chemical that looks pale and yellow. The atomic weight is 18.9984032 and the density is 0.001696 grams per cubic centimeter. Fluorine is a non-medal the period number is 2 its group number is 17 and the halogen. Fluorine is a gas. Fluorine was discovered by Henri Moissanin 1886. Ferdinand Frederick Henri Moissan was a French chemist who won the 1906 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work in isolating…

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    What are group one elements? Group one elements are alkali metals. The physical properties of group one elements are that they are shiny and the alkali metals are very soft. Lithium is the hardest alkali metal and they become softer as you go down the group. The chemical properties of group one is that they’re very reactive when mixed with water or when in contact with the air. Each element in group one has one electron in their outermost shell. Also, group one elements get more reactive as you…

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