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  • Effects Of Sodium Polyacrylate

    Sodium polyacrylate is a polymer with a unique structure, that chemists are leveraging in a variety of lucrative industrial applications. Sodium polyacrylate possesses a unique chemical property: the ability to absorb incredible amounts of water. It can absorb 300 to 800 times its weight in water (Superabsorbent Polymers). Industrial chemists have taken advantage of the polymer’s special function, and have incorporated it into dozens of different products. In fact, the industry behind superabsorbent polymers is expected to grow to $8.78 billion by 2020 (Superabsorbent Polymer Market 17). This is due to the fact that within the past two decades, the applications of such a polymer have grown exponentially. Sodium polyacrylate operates on the…

    Words: 826 - Pages: 4
  • Essay On Sodium Thiosulphate

    Research Question How does the change in hydrochloric acid concentration affect the rate of reaction between sodium thiosulfate (Na2S2O3(aq)) and hydrochloric acid (HCL(aq))? Background to the Research question Collision Theory Back in 1916, scientists William Lewis and Max Trautz proposed the collision theory, which qualitatively explains how chemical reactions take place and why reaction rates change for various reactions. Chemical reactions involve collisions amongst reactant particles or…

    Words: 1270 - Pages: 6
  • Reaction Between Sodium And Sodium Hydroxide

    very high pH of 12, it can be predicted that sample number 2 is the oven cleaner that contains Sodium Hydroxide. Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) is highly corrosive due to its elements; the presence of oxygen and an electrolyte (Sodium – Na) cause corrosion, the breakdown of a metal resulting from reactions with chemicals in its environment. The oxygen oxidizes with the metal, and the sodium help speed up the corrosion process. The presence of oxygen and electrolytes (Sodium – Na) in sample number 2…

    Words: 1333 - Pages: 6
  • Calorimetric Determination Of Enthalpy Of Sodium Sulfate

    The Calorimetric Determination of Enthalpy and Entropy Changes of the Thermal Decomposition of Sodium Sulphate Decahydrate Abstract Sodium sulphate decahydrate thermally decomposes to anhydrous sodium sulphate at 50⁰ C and cools to form anhydrous sodium sulphate. Using Hess's Law the enthalpy and entropy changes of this process can be determined in order to deduce the spontaneity of the reaction. The transition temperature was determined by melting the hydrated crystals at 50⁰ C and allowing…

    Words: 1185 - Pages: 5
  • Sodium Alginate Essay

    Sodium alginate (SA) is a natural anionic polysaccharide obtained from sea weeds. It contains β-D-mannuronate (M) and α-L-glucuronate (G) residues linked by (1-4)- glycosidic linkages (Fig. 7.1) and arranged in homopolymeric blocks of each type and in heteropolymeric blocks [1]. It is a water soluble polysaccharide and has pKa values of 3.38 for the ‘M’ and 3.65 for ‘G’ units [2]. It can form complexes with positively charged polymers due to its anionic character. It is utilized as emulsifier,…

    Words: 936 - Pages: 4
  • Sodium Iodine Clock Reaction

    This report gives an information which is related to the reaction between acidified potassium iodide and hydrogen peroxide. Before calculating the rate of this reaction, the reaction will be carried out 3 times and values will be got. A special timer will be used to measure the time. It could be expected and argued that each time will be able differ from the others in each reaction and it can be explained by changing the quantity of hydrogen peroxide. At the final, it will be obviously observed…

    Words: 992 - Pages: 4
  • Sodium Acetate Sulfuric Acid

    Chapter 6 Experimental Work ACETATE BY HPLC Method of Analysis Mobile phase: 0.025 mol/L (0.05N) sulfuric Acid. Using a volumetric pipette, add 3 ml of concentrated sulfuric acid to approx. 1500 ml water in 2 liter volumetric flask. Dilute volume with water. Standard Preparations: Accurately weigh 0.240g each std1 and std2 of sodium acetate tri-hydrate W.S. into 100 ml volumetric flask. Then dilute 25 ml to 50 ml with water. Sample Preparation: Dilute with water such that the…

    Words: 871 - Pages: 4
  • Sodium Diethyldithiocarbamate Essay

    Sodium diethyldithiocarbamate, limiting equivalent conductance (Λ0), ion association, activation energy and thermodynamic functions. Introduction: The measurement of electrical conductivities of dilute solutions of salts or complexes is considered to be one of the important methods for studying the ion-pair or multiple- ion association not only in aqueous solutions but also in non-aqueous or mixed ones 1-4. Also, conductivity measurements were used to evaluate the hydration free energy of some…

    Words: 935 - Pages: 4
  • Molar Concentration Of Sodium Hydroxide Solution

    Abstract: The purpose of this experiment was to prepare and standardize a sodium hydroxide solution as well as determine the molar concentration in as strong acid and the percent by mass of acetic acid in vinegar. We used volumetric analysis, also known as titration, in both experiments. The average molar concentration for NaOH was 0.2749 mol/L while the average molar concentration of the acid solution was .2493 mol/L.The average percent by mass of acetic acid in vinegar was found to be 12.3 %…

    Words: 1494 - Pages: 6
  • Synthesis Of Ferric Chloride By Sodium Borohydride

    Synthesis of reactive iron Chemical reduction method of Ferric chloride by sodium borohydride following reaction (Eq.1), was used to synthesize ZVI [14]. 〖2FeCl〗_3+〖6NaBH〗_4+〖18H〗_2 O→〖2Fe〗^0+〖21H〗_2+〖6B(OH)〗_3+6NaCl (1) Ferric chloride hexahydrate solution was prepared by dissolving 5 g of FeCl_3.H_2 O (99.0%, Junsei Chemical Co., Japan) in 125 mL of deoxygenated deionized (DI) water. Moreover, 3.5 g of Sodium borohydride (NaBH_4, 98.0%, Sigma–Aldrich Inc., USA) were dissolved in 125 mL…

    Words: 849 - Pages: 4
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