The Effects of Temperature on Cellular Membranes
Kean University: Biology 1300 Section 3
Partners: Paoline Medina, Jennifer Yuen,
Christian Gonzalez, D’wan McCrary, Nicole Piscatelli
November 12, 2015
The cell membrane is an essential structure of any cell. It’s the structure that protects and support the cell. To determine whether this structure can withstand hot or cold environment, a beet specimen is put to test. Six consistent cylindrical beet will each be placed into different temperatures ranging from
-5℃ to 70℃. When a beet cell has been damage, betacyanin, will leak out of the cell to turn the water that surrounds it red. A beet cell will exhibit some damages to their cell…
up of cells. “Cells are small compartments that hold the biological equipment necessary to keep an organism alive and successful.” (“Cells are the Starting Point,” 2016) There are two types of cells called eukaryotic and prokaryotic. In order for the cell to survive, it requires environmental materials to create metabolism and to dispose of waste products within the cell. “All cells have an outer plasma membrane that regulates not only what enters the cell, but also how much of any given…
that the cell is the basic unit of life.
The cell provides structure for the body, takes in nutrients from food, convert those nutrients to energy and carries out specialized functions. The cell is composed of many parts, all with different functions. The cell is made up of two major parts which include the nucleus and the cytoplasm. The nucleus is surrounded by a nuclear envelope, which can also be referred to as the nuclear membrane which is a bilayer membrane that encloses the contents of…
Cholesterol is a lipid with a unique structure consisting of four linked hydrocarbon rings forming the bulky steroid structure. There is a hydrocarbon tail linked to one end of the steroid and a hydroxyl group linked to the other end. The hydroxyl group is able to form hydrogen bonds with nearby carbonyl oxygen of phospholipid and sphingolipid headgroups.Cholesterol is referred as an amphipathic molecule, that it contains its hydrophilic and hydrophobic parts. Cholesterol is usually synthesized…
A. The cell membrane is made up of phospholipids, cholesterol, proteins, and carbohydrates. The phospholipids and cholesterol both help create the roof of the cell membrane and they both regulate the fluidity of the cell membrane. The proteins in the cell membrane help provide a structural function, transport function, and signaling function all within the membrane (Yeagle, 1989). The carbohydrates are on the external side of the cell membrane. Also the carbohydrates provide a signaling function…
In order to maintain homeostasis, cells must produce energy by allowing the necessary nutrients into the organelles while eliminating wastes that could be harmful to them. The cell membrane is also known as the phospholipid bilayer because of the fact that there are two layers formed by phospholipid molecules. The phospholipid has a phosphate and a lipid portion. "The phospholipids lie with their hydrophilic heads at the membrane surface and their hydrophobic tails on…
The cell membrane provides a boundary between the intracellular environment and the extracellular environment. The membrane is selectively permeable only allowing some substances to pass through while some can’t.
The cell membrane consists of two phospholipid bilayers. Each layer has an electrically charged, hydrophilic head, while the tail is an uncharged hydrophobic. The electrically charged head of these layers face toward the water as the uncharged tails face each other. This…
inside a cell, such as a normal pH, salinity, and ion concentration, to keep the cell healthy. There are several parts of the cell that play a role in homeostasis, but one of the more prominent ones is the phospholipid bilayer membrane. The cell membrane surrounds the cell, and therefore plays a large role in keeping the internal conditions of the cells constant.
As mentioned earlier, the phospholipid bilayer cell membrane is crucial in keeping the internal conditions of the cell constant. This…
The Cell Membrane is one of the most important
parts of the cell. If not for the cell membrane it
would be extremely easy for things to invade the
cell; this is because on of the cell membranes job
is to control what come in and out of the cell (i.e.
ions, viruses, etc). Also the cell membrane is
what helps hold the cell and all of its organelles
Endoplasmic Reticulum (AKA the ER), smooth and
rough whats the difference? The smooth ER does not
have any ribosomes while the rough ER is covered in…
INTRODUCTION TO THE CELL
The cell is defined as the smallest unit of life. It is originated from a Latin word cella meaning ‘small room’ a word used by Hooke (in the year 1665 while observing a cell with the microscope he built by himself) to describe the cells. The cell is considered as a living thing because it has the ability to metabolize, grow and reproduce. Before the invention of microscope, it was difficult to talk about cells as they were tiny and so not visible with the naked eyes but…