Cellulose

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  • Cellulose Case Study

    Extracellular or bacterial cellulose (BC) synthesized by nonpathogenic aerobic bacteria in a culture medium containing carbon and nitrogen sources can be promising biodegradable nanofibers for composite materials because of their excellent mechanical properties [1]. Although BC is chemically identical to plant-based cellulose, it exists in extremely pure form and does not contain any hemicellulose, lignin, pectin or wax materials [2]. In addition, it has higher crystallinity, degree of polymerization, specific surface area, and significantly higher mechanical properties compared to the plant-based cellulose [3,4]. It has some other unique properties, such as low density, low thermal expansion as well as high optical transparency [1,5]. As a…

    Words: 2188 - Pages: 9
  • Hard Capsule Essay

    2.0 Literature Review This literature review section will describe the fundamental or important topic of this study. 2.1 Hard capsule Capsule, tablet, syrup is among the type of oral administration drug delivery carrier. The capsule is a solid dosage form of drug delivery, which derived from degradable polymer film. The capsules can be divided into hard and soft capsule types. The capsules can be segmented by source of raw materials, and end users. The segmentation by source of raw…

    Words: 1135 - Pages: 5
  • Arabidopsis Experiment

    Arabidopsis cell wall mutants INTRODUCTION & AIMS Plant cell walls are highly dynamic structure which is made up of polysaccharide such as cellulose. In plant cell, cellulose is synthesised at the plasma membrane by the enzyme cellulose synthase (CesA) which forms rosette structure with 18 CesA proteins in total. Mutating any of these CesA proteins is thought to interfere with the normal production of cellulose in plant. As cellulose is an important component of cell wall and is essential for…

    Words: 2258 - Pages: 10
  • Importance Of Polysaccharides In Apple Pomace

    utilization. The apple pomace mainly consists of insoluble carbohydrates such as cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. It also contains numerous phytochemicals, such as simple sugars (glucose, fructose and sucrose), pectin, natural antioxidants such as flavanols (catechin, epicatechin, procyanidins), flavonols, hydroxycinnamates and dihydrochalcones, as well as small amount of proteins, minerals, and vitamins4, 8-9. More than 1.3 million tons of apple pomace are produced per year and about $10…

    Words: 930 - Pages: 4
  • Concepts Of Lignocellulosic-Based Biomass

    Lignocellulosic-based biomass Unlike starch, lignocellulosic biomass is a plant-based material composed of lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose. This class of biomass includes wood and fibrous materials from organic sources, agricultural wastes, organic municipal wastes, and organic industrial wastes [18]. Agricultural wastes contribute as the major lignocellulosic resources investigated for biofuel production. Among them are oil palm biomass [19,20], corn stalk [21], rice straw [22], wheat…

    Words: 1428 - Pages: 6
  • Textile Finishing Advantages And Disadvantages

    The introduction of cross-linking imparts dimensional stability and elasticity to the fibrous material and makes it crease resistant and crease recoverable. The most commonly used cross linking agents are nothing but Resins. The resins react with the –OH groups of cellulose forming Cross links which is durable and hence increases the Crease Recovery thereby dimensional stability of the fabric. Resin finishing gives some advantages and some disadvantages to the fibrous material. Advantages: 1.…

    Words: 2107 - Pages: 9
  • The Importance Of Animal Nutrition

    Carbohydrates are really quite similar to proteins when it comes to understanding digestibility. Certain carbohydrates found in the feed will affect the digestibility of the feeds. Additionally, monogastric animals are still far more effected by the digestibility of the feed than ruminants are. Ruminants are able to digest the carbohydrates hemicellulose and cellulose where as monogastric animals simply are not able to. This is, once again, due to the presence of microorganisms in the rumen that…

    Words: 828 - Pages: 4
  • A Summary Of Moso Bamboo

    Two bacterial strains of C. felsineum were selected as their high pectinolytic activity. The cultured bacteria was transferred into 17 L capacity jar and anaerogen was placed to create anaerobiosis. The jar was then placed at 37 ⁰C for 96 h. For each retting, 100 g dry bast samples (replicate 4) was placed in 9 L plastic tanks. The fiber ratio and water was 1:50 and left for 7 days at 30 ⁰C. For chemical retting, 2% of NaOH solution was prepared. Bast sample and NaOH were placed in glass…

    Words: 818 - Pages: 4
  • Effects Of Cellulose

    Cellulose is a linear polysaccharide that consists of glucose residues with β-1, 4-glycosidic linked in the main chain and is the most common natural renewable biopolymer. Its degradation is made by the hydrolytic action of the cellulase, a multiple enzymatic system. Cellulase due to its massive applicability has been used in various industrial processes such as biofuels like bioethanol, lactic acid and single cell protein, through saccharification lignocellulosics or hydrolysis of cellulosic…

    Words: 800 - Pages: 4
  • Structure Of Cellulose

    cellulose. The protists and prokaryotes can hydrolyze the cellulose, which the cow or termite can then use. Lipids A. Fats- A fat is made of a fatty acid and a glycerol. A fatty acid is a long carbon chain with a carboxyl group on the end. It is made up of C-H bonds. Glycerol is an alcohol. Fats are used for energy storage. Fats can store two times as much energy as polysaccharides. Animals use fat instead of starch because fats can store more energy with less space. The adipose cell humans use…

    Words: 1051 - Pages: 4
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