Mass spectrometry

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  • Mass Spectrometry

    Aim: Discuss the advantages, disadvantages and limitations of mass spectrometry for the analysis of both small molecules and proteins. Background Mass spectrometers. They are a powerful tool used to evaluate analytes such as single atoms, molecules, whole proteins, or the simple peptide chains that make them up. Using the mass to charge ratio (m/z) of these analytes, we can differentiate one or many entities (such as one particular peptide fragment, or a panel of them) from everything else in a complex sample [X1]. This method had truly had a revolutionary impact on science with the sensitivity, resolution and the range of masses able to be measured [X12]. Most mass spectrometers are made up of a few different parts: an ion source (which…

    Words: 1882 - Pages: 8
  • Mass Spectrometry Lab Report

    Introduction: One of the most common mass spectrometry–based proteomic methodologies used to day is the bottom up protein identification. First, the protein has to be digested into peptides using a protease. Then, the peptide will be submitted to the URMC Proteomics Resource and Laboratory for analysis using LC-MS/MS tandem mass spectrometry. In this approach, the peptides will be separated and introduced into a mass spectrometer using reversed phase liquid chromatography (RC-LC). This…

    Words: 824 - Pages: 4
  • Mass Spectrometry Essay

    considered often resulting in over/under diagnosis, error, and lag-time. It would be of great benefit to develop a more effective system to heighten the potential advantages of early diagnosis. Current research involves the use of analytical techniques as diagnostic tools for a variety of chronic illnesses. IR, Raman, and NMR spectroscopy, as well as Mass Spectrometry have been successfully utilized in the detection of brain, bone/joint, and endocrine disorders, as well as genetic disease,…

    Words: 1883 - Pages: 8
  • MDMA Synthesis

    analysis making a suitable sample preparation and extraction process vital. In an attempt to resolve these issues, liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry method is reported for the determination of methamphetamine and amphetamine in human hair with anion exchange solid phase extraction. 2. LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY-TANDEM MASS SPECTROMETRY (LC-MS) Liquid chromatography is the most widely used technique for the analysis of chemical mixtures. In order to separate, identify and quantify…

    Words: 1995 - Pages: 8
  • Trypsin Synthesis Lab Report

    for 30 min at room temperature. Then, trypsin/chymotrypsin- digested samples of KPNB1 obtained from the UV-crosslinking experiments with various concentrations of compound 1 were analyzed by nanoflow liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry. The tandem mass spectra of the trypsin/chymotrypsin-digested KPNB1-compound 1 adducts showed 10 peptides coupled to compound 1 (Table S1, the Supplementary Information). Among these adducts, we found that the amounts of three of the products,…

    Words: 1489 - Pages: 6
  • Essay On Korean Barley Cultivars

    a Beckman DU650 spectrophotometer (Beckman Coulter, Fullerton, USA). Phenolic compounds were isolated using a multiple preparation HPLC system (LC-Forte/R, YMC, Kyoto, Japan) with a reverse phase preparative column (YMC-Actus Triart Prep C18, 20 mm × 250 mm, 10 μm). 1H and 13C NMR data were obtained usingn a Bruker AM 500 (1H NMR at 500 MHz, 13C NMR at 125 MHz) spectrometer (Bruker, Karlsruhe, Germany) using DMSO-d6 with TMS as the internal standard. For the quantification of the isolated…

    Words: 904 - Pages: 4
  • Blood Stream Infection

    The first mass spectrometry technique is the Matrix-assist laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry. It is not yet approved by the FDA as an identification technique but has shown high concordance in clinical laboratories with shortened time of diagnosis. However, there is the need for isolating the microorganisms present in a specimen is a disadvantage for this technique. (Cherkaoui, A., J. Hibbs et al. 2010) (S. Sauer and M. Kliem.…

    Words: 1223 - Pages: 5
  • Chromatographic Separation Of Oligosaccharide Movements

    phase, which is essential for separating charged compounds such as acidic oligosaccharides58. Structural characterization using mass spectrometry High resolution mass spectrometry (MS) and tandem mass spectrometry provide a powerful and highly sensitive analytical tool to obtain the structural information of oligosaccharides. Therefore, they are now accepted as an ideal tool to couple with HPLC for the oligosaccharide characterization in various types of samples. The mass spectrometric…

    Words: 2206 - Pages: 9
  • Mixed Protein Solution For Pancreatic Cancer

    transferring the mixed protein solution to isoelectric tube gel (pH 3-10) and subjecting it to a constant electric current (145mA). After the gel has been allowed to run for about an hour, the isoelectric tube will be rinsed with running buffer and set aside. Next, an SDS gel will be prepared in order to separate the proteins based on mass. This will be done by sandwiching two spacers between two glass plates and placing them within a plastic bag. The plate/bag assembly will then be placed into…

    Words: 1330 - Pages: 6
  • Importance Of Polysaccharides In Apple Pomace

    oligosaccharides will help in management of bioresources, production of industrially important biomolecules, reduction of environmental pollution but will also reveal promising therapeutic utilization of this by-product. Especially, structural elucidation of oligosaccharides from apple pomace enables the understanding and prediction of their biological functions. High resolution mass spectrometry and tandem mass spectrometry provides a powerful and highly sensitive analytical tool to improve…

    Words: 930 - Pages: 4
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