Atomic number

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    In 1913, he demonstrated that major properties of an element are determined by the atomic number, not by the atomic weight. Mosely used a device known as an electron gun to fire streams of electrons at different elements. He found out that different elements give off different frequency of X-rays. Mosely calculated these frequencies and discovered that the frequency relating to atomic number gives off reasonable results, while frequencies of the atomic mass is unpromising. Not only he concluded that elements should be classified by its atomic number. He stated that the atomic number must be the number of positive charges on the nucleus, Mosely helped to refine the order of elements in the periodic table and this revealed the flaws in the periodic table. It also helped scientist to utilize the technique of X-ray spectroscopy to analysis and identify new elements. Glenn Theodore Seaborg (1912-1999) In 1941, Seaborg had discovered the first transuranium element (neptunium). Following the next few years, he had identified nine more new elements including plutonium. In addition to…

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    The basis of Mendeleev’s periodic table was categorizing the elements according to their physical and chemical characteristics with regard to their atomic weights. Mendeleev was the first to come up with a structure for the periodic table with columns and rows. There were other scientists who have worked on tabulating information of the elements even before Mendeleev, however, he was the first scientist to come up with a periodic trend to predict the properties of elements which were not…

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    Copper Atom Research Paper

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    that comprise an atom. The first of these components that make up an atom is the proton. The proton is a very important part of an atom, because the atomic number of an atom is equivalent to the number of protons that that atom has. Additionally, the mass of an atom is equal to the sum of the number of protons and the number of neutrons of that atom. The number of electrons that an atom has is also equal to the number of protons that that atom has.…

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    of matter which cannot be broken down any further .an atom consist of sub atomic particles which are protons, neutrons and electrons .I will be looking at specifically the atom lead. Every element in the Periodic Table has been given a letter symbol , the symbol for lead is Pb.i will now describe the sub atomic particle in lead .protons are in the nucleus of the atom , All atoms of the same element have the same number of protons. This number…

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    In this Beanium lab, the objective was to make sense of the numbers used to calculate average atomic mass. By separating, counting, and weighing beans we were able to create the numbers used to calculate the weight of one bean. From there, we could use the total number of beans to produce the percent abundance for each type of bean. These were the numbers that we had to produce in order to understand how and why there are many types of isotopes for each element. In doing this lab, we can think…

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    The Periodic Table

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    Discovery and Organization of the Periodic Table In order to understand the periodic table, a basic knowledge in the terminology would be very helpful. A periodic table a chart organizing elements by atomic numbers and chemical properties into groups and periods. The periodic table was created in order to easily find and classify the different elements that are known. Elements are pure substances composed of just one type of atom that cannot be broken down into anything simpler by ordinary…

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    other electrons from the atom rushed to fill the gap. This caused collisions, which was able to produce an X-ray wave. Using his observations, Moseley was able to conclude that there was a relationship between the number of protons, the wavelength of the X-ray, and the atomic number. Before this, atomic numbers were used without any particular meaning, just to represent the order of elements on the periodic table. Now, because of Moseley, people understand that the atomic number corresponds to…

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    Chlorine is an element that consists of 17 protons, an average of 18.5 neutrons and 17 electrons. It has an atomic number of 17, and an average nuclear charge of 35.5. There are 2 isotopes of chlorine that are 35Cl and 37Cl. 35Cl has an atomic mass of 35 and a natural abundance of 75%. 37Cl has an atomic mass of 37 and a natural abundance of 25%. The average atomic mass or nuclear charge equates to 35.5. Both of the isotopes have the same atomic number. (BBC Bitesize. Atoms and the periodic…

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    Tb3 +

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    Terbium is located in the sixth period and the lanthanide series. Because it was located in the lanthanide series, I had to research how to build the f-block orbitals. The f-block orbital is the most challenging orbital to build because it had so many complex components; it consisted of six lobes, and two rings. On my element, Terbium, I had to represent the 5p, 4f, and 6s orbitals on my quantum model. The most challenging part of building the quantum model was figuring out the shape of the…

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    Henry Moseley when he was setting up the new periodic table. One big difference in the two was the amount of elements included in the table. Mendeleeve’s had about 60 different elements and today’s periodic table has around 120 different elements. They were also organised differently. Mendeleeve’s was ordered by the atomic mass and today’s is ordered by the atomic number. The modern periodic table is organised into columns and rows by what type of element they are, Mendeleeve did not have…

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