Atrophy

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  • Overview Of Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)

    Spinal Muscular Atrophy, or SMA, was discovered in the 80’s by two doctors. Early in the 1980’s Doctors Werdnig and Hoffman talked of a disorder of progressive muscular weakness starting in babies, leading to early death. The disease was characterized as a loss of anterior horn cell. The lower motor neuron degeneration has been confirmed to be caused by a loss of anterior horn cells in the cranial nerve nuclei and spinal cord. The entire body is affected from Spinal Muscular Atrophy. SMA affects the control of muscle movement. Spinal Muscular Atrophy robs people of their ability to walk, eat, swallow, breathe, and in some cases the ability to sit or speak. In a familiar case a boy was robbed not only of his ability to walk, eat, and breathe,…

    Words: 1117 - Pages: 5
  • Selective Androgen Receptor Modulator Research Paper

    Introduction A selective androgen receptor modulator (SARM) in (INSERTCITY, INSERTSTATE) is a natural alternative to steroid bodybuilding shots that have high levels of testosterone in them. It can be taken in a capsule form for easy consumption, but sometimes it is also given in the form of an injection. And it is a completely legal supplement that doesn 't require a doctor 's approval to buy it. Products containing it have high levels of androgen that link androgen receptors together. So in…

    Words: 1909 - Pages: 8
  • Atrophy And Hyperplasia Case Study

    1. Describe the following cellular adaptations: atrophy, hypertrophy, hyperplasia, dysplasia (atypical hyperplasia), and metaplasia. Atrophy is when a cell adapts due to decreased trophic influences, the cell function is decreased and nutrition is decreased, this process decreases the cell size because it looses its subcellular organelles and substances often causing organs to decrease in size and function. Hypertrophy is the opposite of atrophy and causes the cells to enlarge and therefore…

    Words: 1686 - Pages: 7
  • HCSMA Case Studies

    Case Study: Hereditary Canine Spinal Muscular Atrophy Genetic Background Hereditary canine spinal muscular atrophy (HCSMA) is proven to be an autosomal-dominate disease that affects most noticeably the Brittany spaniel (Pinter MJ, Waldeck RF, Wallace N, & Cork LC, Motor Unit Behavior in Canine Motor Neuron Disease, 1995). HCSMA originated as a spontaneous mutation in the Survivor Motor Neutron gene found in the purebred Brittany spaniel population (Ericsson. A & Rubin. C, 2012). Due to the…

    Words: 1889 - Pages: 8
  • Nursing Case Study Ptsd

    of this case study has to deal with the atrophy to the right fronto-insular of the patient. Any damage to the frontal lobe will have an impact on the personality of the patient. The study that looks at the role of the right fronto-insular cortex (rFIC) looks at different studies that have focused on this region. The study exclaims that “a recent lesion study in humans has shown that the rFIC has an important role in cognitive control related to task switching” as well as “lesions in the anterior…

    Words: 1278 - Pages: 6
  • Muscle Contraction Case Study Essay

    A 35-year-old male presents with the sudden onset of weakness in his right upper extremity following a fall in which he landed on his right shoulder. These symptoms began about one month prior to his visit. On examination there is weakness and atrophy (wasting) of the deltoid and biceps muscle. No atrophy is noted elsewhere. No fasciculations are noted. Muscle tone at the elbow with extension at the elbow (stretching the biceps muscle) is reduced although normal elsewhere. Tapping the biceps…

    Words: 1545 - Pages: 6
  • Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

    This reduction is caused by several types of atrophy in the brain: cortical, hippocampal, and pituitary gland (Costanza, et al., 2011). Cortical atrophy is the atrophy of the posterior cerebral cortex. This causes disruptions in visual processing. Hippocampal atrophy causes memory loss and disorientation. Atrophy of the pituitary gland, also called hypopituitarism, is when the pituitary gland does not produce adequate amounts of hormones. Without adequate amounts of hormones, the body’s normal…

    Words: 1206 - Pages: 5
  • Mommy Makeover Research Paper

    the Breasts and Abdomen or Tummy. Following the cessation of breast feeding the Breast Gland (Mammary Gland) atrophies and becomes smaller and sags down on the chest wall. In addition, the skin of the abdomen becomes loose and sags downward and can develop stretch marks. In addition, in many people there is excess fat under the Tummy skin and Flank area. These changes can persist even after weight loss and conditioning through diet, exercise and working out. Mammary Ptosis is the formal word…

    Words: 1228 - Pages: 5
  • Personal Narrative: Unshakable Family

    at the hospital but I had to make it to a volleyball tryout that I was already late for. At this point, I wasn 't really sure what to think. I wasn 't sure if this was just another clumsy episode or if this was something that was more serious. This was all I could focus on throughout my tryout. I prayed about this more than once throughout my practice. After it was over, I quickly checked my phone, a missed call blinked on my phone. I frantically called my mom to find out what the doctor had…

    Words: 1475 - Pages: 6
  • Korsakoff Syndrome Analysis

    The long-term effect of drinking can cause Korsakoff syndrome, which is the deficiency of thiamine (Oudman, E. 2014). The Korsakoff s syndrome is also known for its effect on the brain’s memory, individuals with this syndrome do have anterograde amnesia, and they cannot store new information to memory. The deficiency in the body because of the chronic misuse of alcohol has done damage to the diencephalon part of the brain. This brain cells are killed in areas of the diencephalon, thalamus and…

    Words: 1151 - Pages: 5
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