Page 1 of 7 - About 63 Essays
  • Ckd Research Paper

    Protein Total Level 68 g/L Normal Albumin Level 28 g/L Low (35–55 g/L) ALP 68 U/L Normal GGT 16 U/L Normal ALT 29 U/L Normal AST 22 U/L Normal WCC 10.69 x10^9/L Normal Hb 157 g/L Normal PLT 383 x10^9/L Normal HCT 0.473 Normal MCV 95.0 fL Normal RCC 4.98 x10^12/L Normal MCH 31.5 pg Normal MCHC 332 g/L Normal RDW-SD 44.5 fL Normal RDW-CV 12.8 % Normal MPV 12.3 fL High (7.5-11.5 fL) Neutrophils % 77.7 % Neutrophils Absolute 8.30 x10^9/L High (absolute) (2.5-7.5 x10^9/L) Lymphocytes % 13.8 % Lymphocytes Absolute 1.50 x10^9/L Normal Monocytes % 8.0 % Monocytes Absolute 0.90 x10^9/L High (absolute) (0.2-0.8 x10^9/L) Eosinophils % 0.3 % Eosinophils Absolute 0.03 x10^9/L Low (absolute) (<0.5 x10^9/L) Basophils % 0.2 % Basophils Absolute 0.02 x10^9/L Normal Patient’s microbiology lab test results (Aryal, 2015) The abnormal values we are looking at for this patient are, high urea, low albumin, high MPV (mean platelet volume), high neutrophils absolute, high monocytes absolute and low eosinophils absolute. High urea in the blood or uremia may suggest impaired kidney function. This could be due to acute or chronic kidney disease, damage, or failure. It may also be due to ischemia of the kidneys or diseases that could cause it, such as congestive cardiac failure, shock, stress, severe burns, obstruction of urine flow, or dehydration. In this patient it is more likely that age, medication or shock has cause impaired kidney function, and that caused the increase in urea in the…

    Words: 1253 - Pages: 6
  • Why Math Is Important Essay

    Why is math important? Some people cringe when math is mentioned, but whether they favor it or not, numbers can’t be avoided. Math is present everywhere whether it be cooking, shopping, creating, caring for others or etc. According to the history, counting supposedly started right after the development of language. Egyptians had used Egyptian system around 3000-1600 BC which they wrote 10 as ^ and 13 as III^. This system was adapted by the Romans in their roman numerals. Egyptians also has the…

    Words: 1106 - Pages: 4
  • Physiological Vaccines: A Case Study

    PHYSIOLOGICAL DIMENSION IMMUNE/DEFENSE MECHANISMS Age specific variations of growth and development From the Nursing care of infants and Children, specifies different immunizations that are recommended for adolescents. Adolescents that are 11 to 18 years of age should be administered the tetanus, diphtheria, acellular, and pertussis vaccine. The meningococcal vaccine should be administered to adolescents between the ages of 11 to 12 years old, as well get a booster before the age of 16.…

    Words: 2035 - Pages: 9
  • Comparison Of Vitamin D3 And Retinoic Acid

    The trypan blue and differential fluorescence staining showed that the 30% vitamin D3 and retinoic acid had a higher density of differentiated cells and the gelatin zymography showed that those differentiated cells were monocytes which supported the hypothesis. Since the results have proved that the synergistic effect would be an effective monocytic chemical inducer of HL-60 cells, this method could be using in real life. These results are very important for the advancement of the…

    Words: 809 - Pages: 4
  • Granulocytic Differentiation Of HL-60 Cells

    HL-60 cells are multipotent, which means that they are able to form multiple cell types but are restricted to a specific lineage (Cirtain et al., 2016). HL- 60 cell line has been used as an in vitro system for studying cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the proliferation and differentiation of normal and leukemic cells of the hematopoietic, or white blood cell lineage (Xie et al., 1998). HL-60 cells are invaluable as they are easy to maintain, differentiate and can be used to…

    Words: 1318 - Pages: 6
  • Sclerosis: Structure Of Atheroscle Cells

    proteoglycan . Then oxidation of lipoproteins occur. The modified lipoproteins will induce local cytokines production. These cytokines then induce expression of adhesion molecules. There are several adhesion molecules such as vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1) or CD106, intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and selectins including E-selectin or CD62E and P-selectin or CD62P.3,4,5,6 Leukocyte accumulation occurs early in lesion generation. Once adherent to ECs ,they receive a…

    Words: 962 - Pages: 4
  • Innate Immune System Case Study

    neutrophil contain a substance that is toxic to bacteria and fungi, and it is the most abundant of the phagocytic cells. When basophils come into contact with a pathogen, they release histamine which defends against parasites and is active during an allergic reaction (Janeway, 2001). Eosinophils contain a highly toxic protein substance that is very effective in killing parasites and bacteria. Dendritic cells are present in tissues that have contact with the external environment, namely skin.…

    Words: 1500 - Pages: 6
  • The Innate Immune System

    Infection occurs when pathogens are able to cross the epithelial surfaces of the body and overcome the host’s innate immune system.8 When the pathogen enters the tissues, they are first recognized by macrophages.8 MCP1 promotes monocytes to become macrophages in the tissues.9 Neutrophils will also be recruited to the site of infection.8 IL-8 promotes neutrophils to exit the bloodstream and enter nearby tissues.9 During an infection, inflammation serves to fight the infection.8 TNF-alpha…

    Words: 1340 - Pages: 5
  • Atrophy And Hyperplasia Case Study

    . Leukotrienes are part of a lipid which is released from mast cell membranes, they often act similarly to histamines for they act on smooth muscle contraction, increased vascular permeability. They act in the later stages of the inflammatory response because they are slower and have a longer response than histamines(Huether,p207). Prostalandis are pain inducers they are a long chain of unsaturated fatty acids that come from the enzyme cyclooxygenase(Huether,p207). They are able to surpress…

    Words: 1686 - Pages: 7
  • The Importance Of Innate Immunity

    immune systems first line of responsibility is to keep anything in the body that can cause disease out of it. Viruses, fungi, protein, bacteria and parasites that cause this are called pathogens. If these do get into the body it’s the second line of defenses responsibility to eat and destroy them to keep us from dying. This is where phagocytes come into play. Phagocytes have receptors to anything that is not good for the body. Phagocytes only belong to the innate immune system. Which are a class…

    Words: 1144 - Pages: 5
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