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    Ckd Research Paper

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    Protein Total Level 68 g/L Normal Albumin Level 28 g/L Low (35–55 g/L) ALP 68 U/L Normal GGT 16 U/L Normal ALT 29 U/L Normal AST 22 U/L Normal WCC 10.69 x10^9/L Normal Hb 157 g/L Normal PLT 383 x10^9/L Normal HCT 0.473 Normal MCV 95.0 fL Normal RCC 4.98 x10^12/L Normal MCH 31.5 pg Normal MCHC 332 g/L Normal RDW-SD 44.5 fL Normal RDW-CV 12.8 % Normal MPV 12.3 fL High (7.5-11.5 fL) Neutrophils % 77.7 % Neutrophils Absolute 8.30 x10^9/L High (absolute) (2.5-7.5 x10^9/L) Lymphocytes % 13.8 % Lymphocytes Absolute 1.50 x10^9/L Normal Monocytes % 8.0 % Monocytes Absolute 0.90 x10^9/L High (absolute) (0.2-0.8 x10^9/L) Eosinophils % 0.3 % Eosinophils Absolute 0.03 x10^9/L Low (absolute) (<0.5 x10^9/L) Basophils % 0.2 % Basophils Absolute 0.02 x10^9/L Normal Patient’s microbiology lab test results (Aryal, 2015) The abnormal values we are looking at for this patient are, high urea, low albumin, high MPV (mean platelet volume), high neutrophils absolute, high monocytes absolute and low eosinophils absolute. High urea in the blood or uremia may suggest impaired kidney function. This could be due to acute or chronic kidney disease, damage, or failure. It may also be due to ischemia of the kidneys or diseases that could cause it, such as congestive cardiac failure, shock, stress, severe burns, obstruction of urine flow, or dehydration. In this patient it is more likely that age, medication or shock has cause impaired kidney function, and that caused the increase in urea in the…

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    Why is math important? Some people cringe when math is mentioned, but whether they favor it or not, numbers can’t be avoided. Math is present everywhere whether it be cooking, shopping, creating, caring for others or etc. According to the history, counting supposedly started right after the development of language. Egyptians had used Egyptian system around 3000-1600 BC which they wrote 10 as ^ and 13 as III^. This system was adapted by the Romans in their roman numerals. Egyptians also has the…

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    PHYSIOLOGICAL DIMENSION IMMUNE/DEFENSE MECHANISMS Age specific variations of growth and development From the Nursing care of infants and Children, specifies different immunizations that are recommended for adolescents. Adolescents that are 11 to 18 years of age should be administered the tetanus, diphtheria, acellular, and pertussis vaccine. The meningococcal vaccine should be administered to adolescents between the ages of 11 to 12 years old, as well get a booster before the age of 16.…

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    CD40L is one of the members of TNF family. It is expressed on antigen presenting cells, hematopoietic progenitor cells and epithelial cells [1g]. It plays a key role in the production of IL-12 and IL-10 by macrophages and monocytes. CD40 is required for immune suppression by myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSC) and expansion of Treg cells [1g]. sCD40L is present in very high levels in patients suffering from colon cancer, prostate cancer and breast cancer [1i]. sCD40L promotes cancer…

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    The stems cells that come stem from here are stimulated with various factors. Myeloid progenitor stem cells stimulated with erythropoietin gives rise to red blood cells. Stimulation with interleukin 5 gives rise to eosinophils, stimulation with thrombopoeiten gives rise to megakaryocytes which gives rise to platelets. The others are basophils, neutrophils, monocytes, and dendritic cells. Each of these…

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    HL-60 cells are multipotent, which means that they are able to form multiple cell types but are restricted to a specific lineage (Cirtain et al., 2016). HL- 60 cell line has been used as an in vitro system for studying cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the proliferation and differentiation of normal and leukemic cells of the hematopoietic, or white blood cell lineage (Xie et al., 1998). HL-60 cells are invaluable as they are easy to maintain, differentiate and can be used to…

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    The trypan blue and differential fluorescence staining showed that the 30% vitamin D3 and retinoic acid had a higher density of differentiated cells and the gelatin zymography showed that those differentiated cells were monocytes which supported the hypothesis. Since the results have proved that the synergistic effect would be an effective monocytic chemical inducer of HL-60 cells, this method could be using in real life. These results are very important for the advancement of the…

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    Atherogenesis Lab Report

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    Mechanism Atherogenesis is the developmental process of athermanous plaques. It is characterized by a remodeling of arteries leading to sub endothelial accumulation of fatty substances called plaques. The buildup of an athermanous plaque is a slow process, developed over a period of several years through a complex series of cellular events occurring within the arterial wall and in response to a variety of local vascular circulating factors. One recent hypothesis , leukocyte, such as momocyte or…

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    neutrophil contain a substance that is toxic to bacteria and fungi, and it is the most abundant of the phagocytic cells. When basophils come into contact with a pathogen, they release histamine which defends against parasites and is active during an allergic reaction (Janeway, 2001). Eosinophils contain a highly toxic protein substance that is very effective in killing parasites and bacteria. Dendritic cells are present in tissues that have contact with the external environment, namely skin.…

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    thickening in the arterial wall called an Atheroma (or "fibro-fatty plaque"). Atheroma narrows the lumen of arteries and weakens the vessel wall. Atherosclerosis begins in childhood and slowly progresses throughout life. Typically, it produces symptomatic clinical disease during the fifth and sixth decades of life. The atheromatous plaque is a raised lesion within the intima of arteries composed of a core of cholesterol, necrotic cellular debris and inflammatory cells. This is covered by a…

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