Page 1 of 48 - About 472 Essays
  • Hydrocarbons In Fossil Fuels

    derived from animal and plant remains from more than 300 million years ago (U.S. Department of Energy 2013). These remains were then coated with combinations of clay and rock called sediment (Energy Quest 2012). Sedimentary rock effectively protected the hydrocarbons in fossil fuels because it is inorganic and does not contain any carbon (NMOGA 2015). This applies pressure to the plants and animals as well as heating temperatures ranging 150-300 degrees Fahrenheit (NMOGA 2015). After millions of years the deceased plants and animals transform from their organic state to hydrocarbons (NMOGA 2015).…

    Words: 1417 - Pages: 6
  • Petroleum Geology Essay

    The study of movements, formation, and occurrence in hydrocarbon fuels is petroleum geology. Without geologists in this field, we would not be able to locate or extract oil from the earth. Petroleum geology has seven elements that are crucial for evaluation. Each element has a role in sedimentary basins. (was thinking of deleting this paragraph, took it from your outline) Crude oil, which is known as Petroleum, is essentially a fossil fuel. The fossil fuel is created over millions of years by…

    Words: 1072 - Pages: 4
  • Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery Case Study

    CHAPTER 1: BACKGROUND 1.1 ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY Oil production is differentiated into three stages: primary, secondary and tertiary, which is also known as Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR). Primary oil recovery is restricted to hydrocarbons that naturally produced to the surface, or those that utilization artificial lifts, for example, pump jacks. The secondary recovery utilizes water and gas injection, dislodging the oil and driving it to the surface. US Department of Energy stated that by using…

    Words: 1503 - Pages: 7
  • Analysis Of Froth Treatment: Oil Sands Bitumen Recovery

    Sands Bitumen Recovery Introduction This description will give you an understanding of the fundamentals behind the Bitumen Froth Treatment process, as performed at Naphthenic Froth Treatment (NFT) operating sites. Bitumen is the valuable hydrocarbon component of the ore formation which begins in the ground, and is extracted by the Mining department. Prior to entering the Froth Treatment facility, the Bitumen Froth is created by mixing the ore with hot water for hydrotransport. Froth is the main…

    Words: 843 - Pages: 4
  • Reservoir Drive Mechanismss

    the reservoir toward borehole where the pressure drops. The mechanism only exists and persist only when aquifer better or equal in quality than the reservoir hence having larger volume that reservoir (Brooks & Omoigui, 2012). In addition, aquifer water has to communicate with the surface recharge for a good assimilation report. The water drive shows effectiveness in oil reservoir compared in the gas reservoir. In circumstances where in field’s aquifer water is smaller or have lower quality, it…

    Words: 825 - Pages: 4
  • Benzene And Leukemia Case Study

    Benzene and leukemia Melonie Brown Columbia Southern University Introduction Benzene is a hydrocarbon that is highly flammable. The hydrocarbon is used in many industrial processes. Statistics indicate that it is among the top 20 chemicals that are widely used in different industries across the world. The substance has wide application in oil and gas industry. As a matter of fact, it is used in making various types of lubricants. Benzene can be formed through natural processes such volcano…

    Words: 1006 - Pages: 5
  • The Physical And Chemical Characteristics Of Crude Oil

    Crude oil is a complex mixture of various organic compounds, comprising of different hydrocarbons and heteroatomic compounds (Simanzhenkov and Idem, 2003). In addition to carbon and hydrogen, petroleum might contain sulphur, oxygen and nitrogen, and metals such as nickel, vanadium, iron, and copper. Crude oil physical and chemical compositions vary with location, depth and age (Rahimi and Gentzis, 2006). Physical composition of crude oil varies from black liquids of high viscosity to…

    Words: 821 - Pages: 4
  • 6 Force Majeure Essay

    6.1 Legal clauses The PSC provides an elaborate mechanism for the control and supervision of of the activities relating to the exploration, discovery, development and production of crude oil/natural gas and associated hydrocarbons from the relevant field. It distributes title over the crude oil/natural gas and associated hydrocarbons between the government and each of the consortium members. The various clauses are being described below under various sub heads. 6.1.1 Rights granted by PSC The…

    Words: 3461 - Pages: 14
  • The Pros And Cons Of Crude Oil

    There are many different ways to refine the crude oil to get to the end product. Crude oil is basically fossil fuel that has been formed from dead animals and plants from millions of years ago. Engineers go through a process of locating where oil may be by using sonar. When they believe they have found an area that has this fossil fuel, they begin by drilling a hole and then pump the crude oil out to either a barge or into a pipe that goes directly to land. Once the crude oil makes it to the…

    Words: 832 - Pages: 4
  • Polyethylene Case Study

    P&G brought in Polypropylene to replace Polyethylene for the back sheet from the chemical industry. Two American chemists working for Phillips Petroleum of the Netherlands, Paul Hogan and Robert Banks, invented the material in 1950’s. Polypropylene is similar to its ancestor, polyethylene, and shares polyethylene's low cost, but it is much more robust and can be blow moulded. More importantly, it provides a cloth like look and a softer and natural feel that mothers demanded. It provided the…

    Words: 779 - Pages: 4
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