1996 to market the product as a treatment for Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy (Pelham et al., 1999).
The composition of Adderall is identical to the original Obetrol form. It is comprised of four active ingredients, which each account for twenty five percent of the drug’s composition. The active ingredients in Adderall are: dextroamphetamine saccharate, amphetamine aspartate monohydrate, dextroamphetamine sulfate, and amphetamine sulfate (Phelan, 2006). The mixture of these four amphetamine based salts is what gives Adderall its stimulant properties and makes it a good treatment for ADHD. ADHD is a chronic neurological disorder that is characterized by over activity, impulsivity, and an inability to focus (National Institute of Mental Health, n.d.). The stimulant effects of Adderall restore the balance of the naturally occurring chemicals, dopamine and norepinephrine, in the brain, thus increasing focus and minimizing hyperactivity in individuals with ADHD (Ellinwood, King, & Lee 1995).
Mechanism of Adderall
As stated above, Adderall is a racemic mixture of amphetamines and dextroamphetamines (Pelham et al., 1999). Amphetamines are characterized as dopamine releasers that elevate levels of dopamine in the synaptic cleft, the space between neurons at a nerve synapse, by four distinct mechanisms. The primary mechanism involves amphetamine acting as a substrate for dopamine transporters. The transporters are responsible for pumping dopamine out…
but cope with what their child is going through. This book also allows parents and physicians to find alternatives to treating ADD and ADHD that avoids drugs all together.
For my research purposes, I will be focusing mostly on the chapter “Are Drugs the Answer?” On page 283. Here, the author describes the type of medications used to treat children with ADD and ADHD and the medication’s side effects. The author continues on to encourage drugs as to be the “Last resort” when treating children…
• Do you have any pain? (If so, I would use the O.L.D C.A.R.T. to determine his pain assessment). What was the amount medicine given to your son last night and today? Did he take other drugs such as acetaminophen products (Tylenol)?
• It appears that Brandon is tired and has a wet cough. How long has he been expressing this symptom? Does he have a past history of Asthma, liver disease, glaucoma, chronic bronchitis?
• Do he have any allergies to any medications?
• Were any other medications…
After reading Roger’s vignette, it is apparent that he has moderate stimulant use disorder, with the use of amphetamine-type substances (APA, 2013; Roberts & Louie, 2015). The symptoms that Roger presents in the vignette are hyperactivity and restlessness from childhood, high blood pressure, nausea, use if crystal meth and dextroamphetamine, crashing when stimulants wear off, switching from snorting to smoking meth, failed business and marriage, behavioral problems in school, low energy,…
Adderall, like most of the material substances of this world, was created with good intentions, but the nature of the human race has yet again defiled another effort to assist those in need. Adderall, regarded as a prominent drug in the treatment of ADHD, narcolepsy, and sometimes depression, has developed into what is now known as a ‘study-drug’, which has not only ravaged its way through college campuses damaging the mental and physical health of college students but also has created a black…
cases are diagnosed in the United States per year. The exact cause of narcolepsy has gone unknown for years. However, some researchers have discovered that it may involve genetic components and inconsistent triggering in the brain. It causes sleep attacks, degeneration of muscle tone and hallucinations. Narcolepsy begins to affect people between the ages of six to over sixty. Some of the symptoms include EDS, hallucinations, and sleep paralysis. EDS is Excessive Daytime Sleepiness which the mood…
The patient is a 59 year-old male with a 12/31/09 date of injury. A specific injury occurred while performing executive chef duties. Diagnosis was depression.
12/24/15 DWC Form RFA for Sertraline 100 mg, Mirtazapine 15 mg and Adderall 5 mg.
12/17/15 Notice of denial for medications: dextroamphetamine-amphetamine 5 mg # 30, Sertraline HCL 100 mg # 60 and Mirtazapine 15 mg # 30.
12/04/15 request for additional information for medications: dextroamphetamine-amphetamine 5 mg # 30, Sertraline…
doctor will more likely question parents about the mental health in their family. Also they will tell parents to watch over the person who may have ADHD. People can also be diagnosed with ADHD by answering a questionnaire test that weighs out the symptoms the person is having to see if their symptoms lean towards ADHD or not. They as well do psychological tests which measures a sample of behavior.
Finding the correct treatments for ADHD can either include medications or behavioral therapies.…
in 2007 to 11% in 2011
ADHD diagnosis rates increased approx. 3% ea. Year
13.25 of boys get diagnosed while only 5.6& of girls get diagnosed
Average age of diagnosis is 7
Lack of focus
Tendency to make careless mistakes
Have a hard time paying attention to detail
Have trouble staying on topic while talking
Has trouble listening to others
Forgetful of daily activities
Fidget and squirm when seated
Get up frequently to walk or run
Therefore, amphetamines are not widely used and suggested in the medical field. However, there are still some medications available in the U.S. that contains amphetamines, such as Dextroamphetamine, Levoamphetamine, Lisdexamphetamine, Methamphetamine, Adderall, Adderall XR, and Dexedrine. These are amphetamines is inclusive of many of the amphetamines or amphetamine containing drugs that are marketed under various brand names throughout the U.S. amphetamines are legal if they are used by the…