Diabetic retinopathy

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    About 66% of type 1 diabetics have some form of neuropathy. [4] Diabetic neuropathy occurs in the peripheral nervous system which affects the afferent and efferent pathways of both the autonomic and somatic nervous systems. Neuropathies in the autonomic nervous system can negatively affect every body system. Complications such as incontinence, impotence, decreased tolerance to exercise and gastroparesis. This will interfere with the body’s constant functions to maintain homeostasis. Hyperglycemia causes depletion of nerve endings and well as induced oxidative stress which activates large amounts of protein kinase C. This is linked to substantial vascular damage, which will restrict blood flow in the nerves. The most common form of neuropathy in diabetics is distal symmetrical polyneuropathy. Large fiber neuropathy is painless paresthesia with inhibited touch and pressure sensations, loss of ankle reflex and other classifications. This is the result of slow nerve conduction. This type of neuropathy impairs daily activities which will eventually decrease one’s quality of life. Small fiber neuropathy is associated with a pain and burning sensation, as well an inhibition of pain and temperature sensations. This is also known as autonomic neuropathy. This type of neuropathy results in mortality. Neuropathies progress as diabetes progresses. Like most long term chronic complications from type 1 diabetes, this can be alleviated with blood…

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    All You Need To Know About Diabetic Retinopathy Evidently, people living with diabetes may have to deal with several health complications ranging from mild to severe. These complications can either be long-term or short-term, and can impact on the patient's overall health. Basically, different parts of the patient's body can be affected including the eyes, heart, kidneys and nerves. However, according to a recent study by the National Eye Institute, diabetic retinopathy has become one of the…

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    microvascular complications such as diabetic retinopathy (DR) in the diabetic population are linked to the duration of the disease. Diabetic retinopathy occurs both in type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nearly all type 1 and 75% of type 2 DM will develop DR after 15 year duration of diabetes.(25) During the first two decades of disease, nearly all patients with type 1 diabetes and >60% of patients with type 2 diabetes have retinopathy.(26) It is estimated that 15 to 25% of the diabetic…

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    Diabetic Retinopathy Paper

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    How to Reduce the Incidences of Diabetic Retinopathy The issue that was being researched was reducing diabetic retinopathy through controlling blood sugars, medication compliance, and regular eye exams. Educating diabetic patients on the importance of taking care of their diabetes is a crucial part in the process to prevent long term effects of diabetic retinopathy. The population being researched is adults 18 to 75 years of age, with Type 1 diabetes (T1D) and Type 2 diabetes (T2D). Patients had…

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    history, basic patient information, and list of medications currently being taken. Next, both groups will take a survey to see what they already know and do not know about diabetes and management. Then the intervention group will start to implement the new ways to care for their diabetes, which they will be closely monitored in an inpatient facility. This study will take one year to complete to ensure that the participants do intake, educational program, receive and implement treatment plan, do…

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    ABSTRACT Diabetic retinopathy (DR) remains a major complication of diabetes and the leading cause of blindness among adults worldwide. DR is a progressive disease affecting both type I and type II diabetic patients at any stage of the disease, and targets the macrovascular and microvascular systems of the retina. DR results from multiple biochemical, molecular and pathophysiological changes to the retinal vasculature which affect both microcirculatory functions and ultimately photoreceptor…

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    Methods Evaluating the effectiveness of a proposed solution assesses the extent of program objectives being met, which demonstrates the changes in knowledge, attitude, skills, perception and behavior of the nursing professionals regarding diabetes mellitus, and changes in the health status of diabetic patients in a nursing home (Julia, Jacobs, Jones, Gabella, Spring & Brownson, 2012). All the four types of evaluation methods will be used to achieve the project objectives. Firstly, a formative…

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    Diabetes is a disease that affects a roughly 1.25 million Americans. The number of American’s with diabetes continues to expand with roughly 1.7 million new Americans being diagnosed each year. Roughly twenty-five percent of the 1.7 million newly diagnosed diabetics every year are people over the age of sixty-five (diabetics.org, 2014). Over the next fifteen years, as the baby boomer generation begins reaching the age of sixty-five and older, the percentage of elderly diagnosed diabetics will…

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    hours shift. Clean the wound and apply dressing as order. Dressings should be change according to the doctor’s order to avoid any skin breakdown (Perry & Potter, 2014, 442). Use of the foot pump to increase circulation and maintain pressure. Foot pumps help to stimulate the circulation of the leg as if the patient were walking normal. Administrating pain medication prior to dressing changes as needed. Pain medication should be given 30 minutes before any procedure and before the inset…

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    Introduction Diabetic foot ulcers are rated as one of the principal causes of diabetes mellitus hospitalization in the US and worldwide. Diabetic foot disease causes complications which account for huge medical expenses. For instance, in the UK, it is reported that NHS spends five million pounds annually on diabetes foot ulcers. Studies show that 100 patients lose their lower limb of their foot as a result of diabetic foot disorders (Nicholas, 2013). Diabetic foot ulcers result into amputations.…

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