Diabetes insipidus

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    a. This patient could have diabetes insipidus, which is a disorder of insufficient ADH activity. This can lead to frequent urination, and in this patient’s case frequent drinking. Diabetes insipidus has two forms, neurogenic or central DI or nephrogenic DI. Neurogenic DI is caused by inadequate secretion of ADH. It occurs when there is an interference with the ADH synthesis, transport, or release. It is most often associated with complications of closed head injuries. Neurogenic DI is also caused by hereditary disorders that affect ADH genes or damage to the pituitary gland. Nephrogenic DI is characterized by the improper response of the renal tubules to ADH. Acquired nephrogenic DI is closely associated with drugs and disorders that cause…

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    The article I chose for this week pertains to chapter thirteen pathological conditions of the pituitary gland “ Diabetes Insipidus”. The reason I chose this article was because I was curious about this disease and wanted to know about it. Diabetes insipidus has nothing to do with the amount of sugar in the blood, but an increase of urine output. Diabetes insipidus comes in different forms central and nephrogenic. They are both very similar in that the kidneys will not be able to store water…

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    Diabetes Insipidus Essay

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    "Central diabetes insipidus is caused by reduced secretion of antidiuretic hormone (ADH)"(Greco, 2013). It doesn't happen very often in most animals. Those that are affected urinate and drink large amounts of water often. It causes pets to be unable to hold water. There are two types of Diabetes Insipidus. The first, Neurogenic, is caused by low/no production of ADH, which helps the body absorb water from the kidneys. The second, Nephrogenic, is due to the kidney not reacting to the ADH. Due to…

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    several possibilities, and doctors would need to run tests to pinpoint the exact cause, but these symptoms sound like the three-year old could have diabetes insipidus, which is a condition that causes excessive thirst and increased urination. Sometimes you may hear doctors refer to diabetes insipidus as DI. While part of its name is 'diabetes, ' it isn 't the type of diabetes you 're probably thinking about. And while some of the symptoms are similar, its causes are quite different, so when…

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    The familial form of neurohypophysis diabetes insipidus is caused by mutations in the AVP gene. This gene provides instructions for making a hormone called vasopressin or antidiuretic hormone (ADH). This hormone, which is produced and stored in the brain, helps control the body's water balance. The kidneys filter the blood to remove waste and excess fluid, which are stored in the bladder as urine. ADH controls the balance between fluid intake and urine excretion. Normally, when a person's fluid…

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    Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus (NDI) Case Study Epidemiology and Mechanisms of the disease The Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus is firstly a rare disease to get or it can be inherited and the rate of getting it is 1 in 20 million which shows how rare this condition is. The cause is that the body has low levels of Arginine Vasopressin (AVP) and Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) which then cause the kidneys unable to concentrate the urine which is called polyuria which leads to excessive amount of urine…

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    1. A 35-year-old male has come to see you because he is urinating, by his estimate, about 8L/day. He is constantly thirsty and drinks as much cold water as he can every day. His sleep is disrupted because of the need to urinate throughout the night. During your assessment, you learn he had several concussions playing college sports. He was recently involved in a car accident in which the airbag deployed and knocked him out. You test his urine and the specific gravity is 1.002. Stat labs reveal…

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    Diabetes insipidus (DI) is an uncommon disease that has the characteristic feature that an individual’s kidneys are passing an irregular volume of dilute urine that is insipid (without flavor). In 1794, Johann Peter Frank described the abnormal production of urine that was neither sweet nor linked to kidney disease (J.P. Frank et al., 1842). The discovery by Frank clarified the difference between diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus (high levels of sugar in the blood and urine), which at…

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    tsp for little dogs and 1-2 tbsp for larger dogs every 10 minutes for some hours. Do not give your dog free access to liquids as he may take too much in one drink which can lead to vomiting, and will result to more electrolytes loss. However, if you notice that your dog is already vomiting or on the verge of vomiting, bring him to the vet right away. Dehydration is already severe and can lead to fatality. • Underlying medical problem. There are many medical problems which can lead to excessive…

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    Hypernatremia Case Study

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    NEPHROGENIC DIABETES INSIPIDUS ASSOCIATED WITH RHABDOMYOLISIS Introduction Diabetes insipidus (DI) presents with hypernatremia and consequent hyperosmolality in individuals with an impaired thirst mechanism or no free access to water. Hyperosmolality was found to be associated with rhabdomyolisis, a disease consist of elevated serum creatinine kinase (CPK) and myoglobinuria. Fluid resuscitation is the mainstay of the treatment to prevent life-threatening complications including acute…

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