Dialectic of Enlightenment

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    The promulgation of ideology is what leads the social state to irrational barbarism. The Enlightenment project has failed because reason (being used for organization) services social grouping; therefore, the paradoxical phrases in Dialectic of Enlightenment are used to create relational tension between reason, truth (valid belief), and social grouping (ideological belief). Through this conflict, rationality becomes irrational, and truth becomes false, as reason itself becomes ideological. Dialectic of Enlightenment gives a fragmentary account of how reason is being infected by its use for domination. In the chapter on Odysseus, Adorno and Horkheimer make an important distinction between the self and the other, namely, that a hierarchical structure is imposed on nature that allows for its domination by Odysseus (35-62). In…

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    In 2001, Michael Haneke directed a film called, The Piano Teacher. Haneke’s view, as conveyed to the viewer, is not to rail against pornography, per se, but to rail against its impact as generated by a capitalist-patriarchal society. This stems from a similar modality of thinking introduced by Linda Williams in 1989, in which she “...moves beyond the impasse of the anti-porn/anti-censorship debate to analyze what hard-core film pornography is and does…” (Slade 656). Haneke’s method is…

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    The cultural industry is described by Adorno and Horkheimer (1977) as the standardisation of culture and cultural goods, attained through the manipulation of consumers, pseudo-individualism and commercial marketing in order to accomplish an economic and social status. Within Adorno and Horkheimer’s theory, there are three major concepts that have increased the development of the cultural industry and the behaviour of consumers, this involves discussing the transformation of use value to…

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    In Benjamin’s piece, I was reminded of many of the lectures we have had throughout the lecture. The apparatus mentioned throughout the piece, in both cultural and camera lense forms, reminds me of Leni Riefenstahl. Professor Beebout spoke about how her innovative techniques changed cinema, but her association with the Nazi party casts a large shadow over her contributions. She added to the machine of fascism by creating this larger than life image of Hitler and the “superior race” rather than…

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    In 2001, Michael Haneke directed a film called, The Piano Teacher. Haneke’s attitude, as conveyed to the spectator, is not to rail against pornography, per se, but to rail against its impact as generated by a capitalist patriarchy. This stems from a similar modality introduced by Linda Williams1 in which she “...moves beyond the impasse of the anti-porn/anti-censorship debate to analyze what hard-core film pornography is and does” (Slade 656). Haneke’s method portrays a patriarchal approach…

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    Huge department stores such as Macy’s stand for almost everything that Theodore Adorno and Max Horkheimer despise. Arguably, department stores minimize a person’s capability to act and think in a logical and self-governing manner. Adorno argues that “standardization develops due to the ability of the ‘people in power’ to regulate the manufacturing of cultural goods in order to try and gage and control what people like and want to buy to increase how much profit they make. Furthermore, he states…

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    Question 1: In The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as mass deception, Adorno and Horkheimer are observing the culture industry. The culture industry is the entire system of production and circulation that establishes mass, mainstream, and popular culture. In this essay, the authors illustrate more precisely the relationship between culture industry and reality by explaining that “[r]eal life is becoming indistinguishable from the movies. The sound film, […], leaves no room for imagination or…

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    The culture industry itself is self-named, an industry primarily based on values of an assembly line. The culture industry continues the governing of human beings under the appearance of freedom, as the goal of the culture industry is to reproduce the values of capitalist culture by producing false pleasures. Similar to the movie, Bob Roberts, is a deceitful businessman but like many others, he projects an image of himself as being fair, reasonable and righteous. In the movie residents believe…

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    The culture industry argument, established by Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer, is a critique of mass media, which refers to the industrialization of culture, where the masses are not the only source of mass culture; capitalism serves the masses, and treats them like commodities for their own benefit (McAnany & Wilkinson, 1996). Adorno and Horkheimer chose to call it culture industry, rather than mass media, because they believed that in mass media, masses had some influence upon the creation…

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    1 CHAPTER 1INTRODUCTIONThe culture industry’s cycle of assumptions is the interaction between the director(culture industry), the author (hip hop artist), and the audience (White consumer). Together thethree combine to create ideological outcomes that reflect and reinforce historically negativeWhite racial attitudes. Interrogating all three aspects of the cycle assists in understanding thecomplexities of the culture industry’s racial representations and White racial attitudes as well…

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