Dialectical materialism

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    Dialectical Materialism

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    Marx’s theory of social development is also known as ‘dialectical materialism.’ Marxian materialism implies that ideas, institutions, philosophies, religions, etc., all are determined by real material condition of life and social classes. Marxian materialism simply means that men's economic activities are fundamental and they determine the general way the character of everything else they do. Marx got the idea of ‘dialectics’ from the German philosopher Hegel. According to the dialectical principle there are some ideas called ‘Thesis’ and each idea has an opposite idea called an ‘Antithesis’. The reaction between the thesis and the antithesis results in synthesis or new ideas. In other words, the basic cause of change in all is the struggle…

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    In their 1985 work The Dialectical Biologist, authors Levins and Lewontin make the case for a dialectical-perspective-based approach to scientific inquiry and interpretation. Here we first summarize what is more rigorously referred to as the dialectical materialist (DM) perspective (Clark & York, 2005), then illustrate how science and social epidemiology (SE) fits within the framework developed therein. Next, we compare our own application of the dialectic framework to SE to the approach laid…

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    refers to understanding reality from a materialist viewpoint. This essay serves to explain the main components of Marx’s historical dialectic materialist approach, as well as investigating the criticism associate with it and the views of other dialectical and non-dialectical approaches. Marx’s theory is largely based off of Hegel’s conception of how history develops. He stated that history occurs through dialectics- opposing forces clashing together in order to induce change. In this sense,…

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    Interplay between Hegelian Dialectic and Marx’s Dialectical Materialism G.W.F. Hegel proposed that “dialectic” concerned itself with the process which went into knowing the “whole” of anything. Hegel equated “whole” with “totality”. According to him, only the whole is true. The whole is composed of moments that are partial wholes. The relationship that existed between these partial wholes is of prime importance. The whole contains within itself all the moments that it has overcome. Basically,…

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    Ancient Hawai I Essay

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    The metaphysics of ancient Hawai’i are unique and reflect metaphysics of both dualistic and monistic ways of thinking. As I address that theory in this paper I will be comparing and contrasting the difference in the Western philosophies of Plato to that of old Hawai’i before the coming of the Christians missionaries in 1820. I will also explain the ways in which I found ancient Hawaiians were also similar to Eastern monistic ways of thinking. In both cases, Hawai’i seems to be unique because…

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    delivers a strong point that disproves Descartes’ entire proclamation and that is the concept of neural phenomena. Scientific data has yet to disprove that all human mental phenomena are reliant upon neural phenomena stimulated by our senses. One can never observe the human minds’ functionality without also observing the human brain operating as well. Because this correlational relationship is best illustrated by materialism (physicalism) in regards to the human mind, it is evident that…

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    Essay On Consciousness

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    analyse and describe a complex phenomenon it must be reduced to its fundamental constituents. For example, how Biology can for the most part be explained through physics and chemistry, and chemistry to physics, etc. It is through this that the argument of consciousness being an emergent phenomenon arises. Economist Jeffrey Goldstein theorised emergent phenomena as “the arising novel and coherent structures, patterns, and properties during the process of self-organisation in complex systems”…

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    functionalist’s ontology. As a result, the concept of eliminative materialism must be brought to attention. Before eliminative materialism is further discussed, however, please note the term “folk psychology” should be defined as the popular common thought among a certain people. An eliminative materialist would claim folk psychology to be “an incomplete representation of our inner natures, it is an outright misrepresentation of our internal states” (339). Historically, our common sense and…

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    In fact, those who pursue wealth -- even if they do so successfully -- are generally less happy than those who do not pursue wealth. What is the cause and effect relationship between pursuing wealth and unhappiness? Interestingly, it is not materialism which causes unhappiness directly, but that unhappiness and materialism are mutually reinforcing mechanisms. He notes that people who have experienced true deprivation are those who, later in life, are the most materialistic -- for example,…

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    Youth Attitudes in Response to Materialism that is Promoted by Mass Marketing The age group of 9 to 15, also referred to as tweens, has been highly targeted by companies as a market segment (Goldberg, Gorn, Peracchio, & Bamossy, 2003). As this shift in audience is made, it is important to recognize the psychological effects of mass marketing and consumerism on children. This paper is a summary of a study done that is an demonstration of how materialism influences youth consumer attitudes.…

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