Ontology

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  • Difference Between Ontology And Epistemology

    1 The words ontology and epistemology seem like confusing and broad terms, however, an individual makes ontological assumptions and takes epistemological stances throughout their entire life, usually without realizing such. Ontology is "the study of being. It is concerned with 'what is ', with the nature of existence, with the structure of reality as such" (Crotty 1998). Our assumptions about the nature of being, create our epistemology which is defined as "the theory of knowledge embedded in the theoretical perspective and thereby in the methodology" (Crotty 1998). I personally employ the ontological assumption of relativism. This ontological assumption forms my epistemological stance of constructionism. My ontology and epistemology have…

    Words: 937 - Pages: 4
  • Ontology Vs Epistemology

    Ontology is a study of being and its general laws. And ontological aspect in social psychology is about beliefs about how social world works, what the main parts of this world are and how these parts work together. It also can be defined as psychological research, people`s attempts to understand the laws of the mind, to check the validity of the existing knowledge in the field of psychology. Epistemology is a philosophical study about the real knowledge and how this true knowledge can be…

    Words: 980 - Pages: 4
  • Metaphysics: The Similarities Between Cosmology And Ontology

    Metaphysics is concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world. Cosmology and ontology are the two traditional branches of metaphysics. Cosmology seeks to understand the origin, evolution, structure, and ultimate fate of the universe at large, as well as the natural laws that keep it in order. Ontology is the investigation into what types of things there are in the world and what relations these things bear to one another. Ontology deals with questions concerning what…

    Words: 1746 - Pages: 7
  • Heidegger's Meaning Of Being

    Therefore, a study of Dasein is necessary in order to make progress in fundamental ontology, because if we can explicitly formulate the pre-ontological understanding of being, we will be closer to the meaning of Being. Heidegger puts it like this: “… whenever an ontology takes for its theme entities whose character of Being is other than that of Dasein, it has its own foundation and motivation in Dasein's own ontical structure, in which a pre-ontological understanding of Being is comprised as a…

    Words: 1103 - Pages: 5
  • Behaviourism And Functionalism

    The way we as humans think and behave can be (and has been) traced down to two main ontologies: behaviorism and functionalism. Where behaviorism tends to focus on a being’s reaction to a certain stimulus (the way one would react to a sad movie, for example), functionalism can be defined as the focus on a reaction of the reaction. The consequence of a pain (stimulus) and its relation to other mental states is where functionalists tend to concentrate their theories. “Where the behaviorist hoped…

    Words: 1223 - Pages: 5
  • I Am Become Death The Murder Of Worlds Analysis

    massacre and different forms of genocide as natural.” The non-ethics of war justifies the extermination of Vietnamese non-combatants not because it necessarily saw those people as a threat, but rather because it collapsed the distinctions between combatant and non-combatant and placed them within the ontological position of condemned, of the damné. Following the imposition of racial slavery and racial genocide in the age of “discovery,” the (non)subject position of Black and Indigenous bodies…

    Words: 946 - Pages: 4
  • Anslem's Ontological Argument Analysis

    Saint Anslem was a Catholic philosopher who wrote a proof through deduction for the existence of the Christian God. Ontology is the study of what there is, more specifically in this case, the entities that exist and the logic encompassing such thought. Therefore, an ontological argument is an argument that appeals to a being or an essence of a thing. Often, ontological arguments are unclear as to what the answer, or even, question is exactly; thus leaving the arguments open to thought,…

    Words: 867 - Pages: 4
  • Gilbert Ryle Criticism Of Dualism

    Ryle is suggesting you accept his explanation of why dualism commits a category mistake on the grounds of non dualistic ontology! Although he does argue that the original language explaining dualism is wrong. The way Ryle is critiquing dualism is problematic because for one to build a case against dualism based on beliefs external to dualism is inaccurate. Ryle continues to flip flop between internal and external terminology. Ryle objects to using the term “inside” to describe mental happenings…

    Words: 1496 - Pages: 6
  • Three Viewpoints Of Gordijn's E-Business Model Ontologies

    1 Introduction In "e-Business Model Ontologies" [Gordijn, 2004], Gordijn describes reasons for failure of many e-Business projects and proposes the graphical e3 value ontology to tackle these problems. He states that a lot of business project are unsuccessful, because the stakeholders do not succeed to in getting a common understanding of the project and that companies fail in making the value of the project clear to the customer. Gordijn then describes three viewpoints of the e3 value model. He…

    Words: 784 - Pages: 4
  • Ephenomenalism Vs Physicalism

    (Papineau, 2001, p. 8). Thus, any form of dualism is untenable, and by the completeness of physics it is hard to believe that something non-physical might be produced or interact with something physical As a result, can be claimed that that there is no more to consciousness that what results from brain activity or brain states. In other words, the mind must conform to a physicalist ontology, or, as Papineau (1993) maintains, “the mental is ontologically inseparable from the physical”…

    Words: 1064 - Pages: 5
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