Epistemological And Ontological Aspects Of Social Psychology

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Ontology is a study of being and its general laws. And ontological aspect in social psychology is about beliefs about how social world works, what the main parts of this world are and how these parts work together. It also can be defined as psychological research, people`s attempts to understand the laws of the mind, to check the validity of the existing knowledge in the field of psychology. Epistemology is a philosophical study about the real knowledge and how this true knowledge can be obtained. There is a necessity of defining ontological and epistemological directions of experimental social psychology. Arguments about the subject of social-psychological knowledge is topical throughout the last two decades, and by the end of 1980`s the problem …show more content…
The purpose of experimental psychology is the priority of cause and effect conditions for both natural and social phenomena. It can be possible when the elements, interaction of which is studied in controlled experimental conditions. And the researcher`s control over variables allows him to draw conclusions about cause-effect relationships between them. The laboratory experiments focus on the description of the connections between the behavior and its causes. These connections can be distinguished only when the experimenter has full control over individual`s behavior. Modern scientific method hypothetico-deductivism, which is the process of making conclusions from the examination of hypotheses. However, Popper said that even if the results of the experiment coincide with the primordial hypothesis, it does not mean that the hypothesis is proved. Here, Blaikie added induction, which is the process of logical conclusion from observation on the basis of the transition from specific facts to general. The purpose of inductive approach is to identify rules and patterns in the phenomena. And deduction, which is drawing conclusion from general facts to specific. The purpose of this approach is to test hypotheses in such ways, which make them …show more content…
Conformism itself is when individual changes his attitudes, opinions, perceptions and behavior in accordance with those, which prevail in the society or the group to which the individual belongs. Asch started his experiments due to disagreement with famous Turkish social psychologist Muzafer Sherif, who concluded that group discussion during the experiment between the participants affects their assessments and following group`s opinion would always occur despite individual`s conscience. Asch was arguing that if particular individuals face obviously wrong group decision, they will not show any conformity and preserve their independence. Alas, this conclusion has been refuted by his experiment. The conclusion that Asch came was that striving to fit the group may be affected by such psychological factors of human, as an attempt to fit into the team, in which other people are smarter or have more knowledgeable in something. Asch defined that the level of “imitation” can be even stronger in real life where the stimuli are much more varied and

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