# Logic

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The rules of Logic specify the meaning of mathematical statements, it is the basis of all mathematical reasoning (Rosen, 2012). Its application in the area of computer science is very vast that even the computer itself defends on it, True or False, 1 or 0, and the presence or absence of bit. The study of Logic will increase your knowledge in formulating logically statements for the reason that program statements and expressions is built from repeated application of logical operators. This module will help you to analyze arguments to determine the truth value of it. Objectives: After completing this module, you should be able to: 1. Define Logic. 2. Appreciate the importance of Logic in mathematics. 3. Identify Propositions. 4. Convert Propositions to propositional variables. 5.…

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better ourselves so that the world may follow suit. There are many different approaches in which we can improve ourselves, but there is one way that holds the most prevalence to me: logic. By further utilizing logic rather than the emotional bias which most of us so easily find, we will be able to change positively. As a result, the world as a whole will become better. Throughout the course of human history, personal biases and emotional attachments have caused many global issues. From the…

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You may have noticed that in the last few chapters the layers were deconstructed with logic, not intuition. That’s because intuition has an inherent problem. It’s unreliable in stressful situations, and it gets progressively worse the more invested you become. Logic on the other hand, is simple, it’s clean, and you can build on it. Try building a bridge with intuition, or gut feel alone, and see how long it stands! Strong, well considered, logic is the foundation of any truth…

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Philosophy offers a framework for assessing claims and ideas. In essence, philosophy is abstract and covers a variety of fields encompassing life. Logic is the structure of the relationship between concepts which one could argue applies to all divisions of the study of philosophy. But for a valid claim, possessing logic is not only necessary, for reasoning also plays a critical role. Logic and reasoning are important concepts that are parallel. According to the Meriam Webster Dictionary,…

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A Crash Course in Formal Logic This video lecture gives a clear explanation on how to distinguish between deductive and inductive logic. Additionally, it offers information on inferences and inferences claims. Before going into full explanation mode, the video first gives a glance over a few concepts that needs to commit to memory. First and foremost, the video explains that logic is the science of argument evaluation. Also, arguments can either be true or false. At this point of the lecture the…

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Rational Thinking According to Popkin and Stroll, logic can be defined as the most fundamental branch of philosophy that “deals with the nature of thinking itself” (237). However, the depth of understanding logic is so much more than ethical speculations and metaphysics. Whether or not something is deemed logical, depends on how consistent and coherent any particular piece of that reasoning is, as logic attempts to distinguish good reasoning from bad reasoning. This then can determine whether…

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Logic or Logos “(In Jungian psychology) the principle of reason and judgment, associated with the animus” predates humans and exists as the primary guiding force of the universe (Logos). Humans have developed a special relationship with logic through the use of reasoning. This reasoning is distinct in humans where we see that the ideas and principles of logic, A is A, A is not B and A cannot be and not be. Scientists have studied what gives humans this ability to think logically and their…

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In “Fallacies of Logic” Irving Shapiro describes the different ways a person, intentionally or unintentionally, can attack their opponent. Fallacies, when used, could be effective tools to confuse and distract opponents. The use of logical fallacies, also known as con, date back to Athens when a school taught students to win arguments using fallacies. The following are the most common fallacies used. Fallacies are easy to agree with and are simple statements with little or irrelevant information…

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Should people act with logic or according to the Bible? Throughout history people have been guided by this ancient book called the Bible. Most people know or have heard of this book and many of them use it as a guide because they basically do not want to go to hell. Hell:a place regarded in various religions as a spiritual realm of evil and suffering. Other people, myself included, like to act and think with logic not with fear. Logic:reasoning conducted or assessed according to strict…

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Name Institution Professor Course Date Logic 1. Valid and invalid arguments A valid logic argument is has a condition that all premises are true meaning the conclusions cannot be false in any way. On the other hand, an invalid argument is the one that offers a possibility of its conclusion being false even if all other premises are true. Differences For the logically valid arguments, adding an extra premise do not have an effect on the conclusions, that is, if the conclusion is validly…

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