Monism

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  • Ancient Hawai I Essay

    the metaphysics of ancient Hawaiians unique and reflect metaphysics of both dualistic and monistic ways of thinking? First of all, the metaphysics of old Hawai’i were unique in that they believed that mana was the universal energy that connected everything and everyone in a universal process. Neither Plato’s metaphysics nor Aristotle’s metaphysics have a similar universal primordial force in Western ways of thinking and this is because they are relatively substance oriented, not process oriented. On the other, Eastern philosophy thinking has Qi, which is the Yijing’s view of primordial energy-stuff but it too is not quite the same concept as mana. Another way ancient Hawaiian metaphysics are unique is that they exhibit both traits of monism and traits of dualism in a single universe; this is shown in how they adopted the belief in a geocentric world, which they lived alongside the gods. This is different than that of Plato, which believed in two distinct separate realms, which were not interconnected. This is unique because the Hawaiians believed that the gods took many different forms in their world, everything from volcanoes, mountains, animals and even the notion that Ali’i were gods in humans form. The final reason I will express as to why ancient Hawaiians were unique in their metaphysical thinking is in the way the god’s could take other forms in their world much like animism. In ancient Hawai’i they believed that animals, plants, and other inanimate objects…

    Words: 2139 - Pages: 9
  • Monism Vs Dualism Essay

    Pre-Socratic philosophers developed the doctrines of monism, dualism, and pluralism, which are different ways, to answer the same question. The question monism, dualism, and pluralism tries to answer is what is the nature of reality, meaning what is the basic substance(s) or processes upon which everything, including the universe, is depended on? Thales was a monist that tries to answer the question by stating that water is the substance that everything depends on. Pythagoras was a dualist that…

    Words: 939 - Pages: 4
  • Spinoza's Theory Of Substance Monism

    In Part One of The Ethics, Spinoza establishes his substance monism and proves that God, as an infinite being, is the sole substance in the universe. The task that follows in Part Two is to explicate the character of everything else which flows from the nature of God. In Proposition 7, he outlines what has since been termed the “parallelism” doctrine (Heide 02 Mar). He faces the challenge of explaining why why ideas and bodies appear to be so consistently coordinated, given that they are modes…

    Words: 1580 - Pages: 7
  • Anthropology And The Monism-Dualism Debate

    The Bible states in 2 Timothy 3:16 “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness”. Therefore, I believe what the Bible states and my perspective falls in line with what God says regarding us as being one. Our soul cannot be separated from our body any more than our being able to live if our heart was ripped out of our chest. As humans we are intricately designed beyond what any scientist or doctor…

    Words: 1788 - Pages: 8
  • Difference Between Monism And Dualism

    angered, the body is the first thing to respond, which can cause the hands to clench into fists, blood-veins to become constricted and more visible, and facial appearances to change. While Berkeley would only go so far as to say that the mind is capable of perceiving an emotion of anger through visual perception, Descartes would likely go further than that and agree that the mind and the body, while separate, still communicate emotions in a very similar matter. Putting this into a context that…

    Words: 1352 - Pages: 6
  • Rene Descartes: The Argument Of Substance Dualism

    Substance dualism is the ontological view that there exists two sorts of substances; mental and physical (material and immaterial). The existence of the substances are fundamentally distinct and exist independently of each other. If the soul can survive the death of the body, then there is the possibility of an after-life. Plato and Descartes are notorious for substance dualism which is also known as mind-body dualism, the believe that the soul is able to live on without the presence of the…

    Words: 915 - Pages: 4
  • Substance Dualism By Rene Descartes

    Rene Descartes proposes a variant of substance dualism that maintains the equal and distinct existence of physical and mental substances. Descartes (1641) discusses that bodies are physical substances because they extend outward and occupy spatial regions while the human mind is a mental substance because it cannot extend through space (P.165). Descartes also notes fundamental differences on their activities; the human body is passive because it cannot think while the mind can handle complex…

    Words: 1558 - Pages: 7
  • Examples Of Substance Dualism

    In this paper I will explain and argue for substance dualism. Substance Dualism states that “Minds & Bodies are two different sorts of basic Substances.” Substances are things that are capable of independent existence, and that support properties or qualities. Properties are ways that substances can be, and thus can exist only by being present in a substance and cannot exist independently (Van Gulick). One substance can have different properties. “For example subatomic particles such as…

    Words: 1307 - Pages: 5
  • Monism And Dualism In Ariel's Little Mermaid

    One can view the mind-body problem to differentiate his or her mental and physical perspective. An individual can address his or her perspective as a monist, dualist or functionalist. Monism is a philosophical approach of the universe being ultimately one thing or substance. (26) For instance, a monist would be a belief that there is only one God. Furthermore, dualists hold the belief that the mind and body have two opposite principles. (28) An example of dualism would be evil vs. good. In…

    Words: 980 - Pages: 4
  • Cartesian Substance Dualism

    Dualism: Cartesian Substance Dualism Substance dualism is the thesis that there are substances of two fundamentally and irreducibly distinct kinds in this world, namely mind and bodies. Dualism of this form contrasts with monism which is defined as all thing in the world are substances of one kind either only mind or only body. According to the Cartesian substance dualism, minds are not identical with material things, minds could exist even if no material thing existed. Mind is thought to be…

    Words: 1655 - Pages: 7
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