Marxist theory

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  • Overview Of The Theory Of Ideological Hegemony

    In this sense it can surmised as movements from above providing guidance and orientation to those on the bottom having them accept the current state of affairs as “natural” by which the state could be able mediate and provide an avenue for their grievances tying into the first essay mentioned in the above. Though Gramsci’s analysis was more concerned with the political realm, he would also note the cultural effects of hegemony by noting the ideological apparatus on how the dominant intellectuals sell their visions. In relation to the state, Gramsci’s theory of hegemony would come to illustrate the purpose of intellectuals “guiding” the common man into abandoning his native tongue and speaking the national language, as noted in his description on how formal Italian spread after unification by the use of the Tuscan dialect that would supersede the other regional dialects by the way of formal schooling that consolidated the Italian nation (Gramsci 1985: 165-7; see also Ibid 167-71). In that sense it can be surmised that cultural hegemony has the same organizational skills as political hegemony, as it is known through the use of what scholars call an ideological state apparatus in which the ruling class forms a monopoly on the pedagogical instruments of state power for the purpose of molding the…

    Words: 968 - Pages: 4
  • Hegemony Is A Process Of Coercion And Consent

    make this occur. If one considers the basic meaning of the term hegemony, it would not be enough to explain how in today’s society, we function through economic, social and political factors combined – which are all maintained through the equal balance of cooperation and compromise, mainly implemented through democratic, political systems. On the contrary, there are many examples of instances throughout history where the distinctions between the dominant ideology and those subjugated by them,…

    Words: 1509 - Pages: 7
  • Dominant Ideology Essay

    George Orwell once wrote “Who controls the past, controls the future. Who controls the present, controls the past" (Zinn 89). The notable quote holds a lot of wisdom, and a message of exercising caution when it comes to history. Dominant ideologies and views of history have had calamitous consequences when gone unchallenged by society. Marchak discusses who creates and controls the dominant ideology in contemporary society, as they are the ones ‘who control the present’. As the dominant ideology…

    Words: 1774 - Pages: 8
  • Culture Industry Argument

    The culture industry argument, established by Theodor Adorno and Max Horkheimer, is a critique of mass media, which refers to the industrialization of culture, where the masses are not the only source of mass culture; capitalism serves the masses, and treats them like commodities for their own benefit (McAnany & Wilkinson, 1996). Adorno and Horkheimer chose to call it culture industry, rather than mass media, because they believed that in mass media, masses had some influence upon the creation…

    Words: 1804 - Pages: 8
  • Conflict: Realism: Marxist And Realist Theory

    CRITICAL: MARXIST & ANARCHIST THEORY While realist theory holds the accumulation of power to be at the heart of conflict, Marxist tradition applies this principle in the economic domain; it regards capitalist-dependent economies and desire for fiscal advantage as providing the driving force behind global conflict. Lenin describes a race for resources as creating conditions for future warfare “The more capitalism is developed, the more strongly the shortage of raw materials is felt, the more…

    Words: 708 - Pages: 3
  • Strain Theory And The Marxist Theory Of Crime And Deviance

    This supports item A as it states 'a set of rules laid down by the state in the interest of the ruling class'. This is reflected in crime statistics; the most common offenders are young, black males between the ages of 15-21. A counter argument to this is the idea of Strain Theory developed by Robert Merton. Traditional Marxism argues that it is increased aggression and individualistic nature of the capitalist society that inspires individuals to commit crime, however Merton comments that it…

    Words: 726 - Pages: 3
  • Marxist Ideology: The Fanatical Theory Of Marx And Engels

    Ideology has been described as a ‘sense of abstract, impractical or fanatical theory’, originally described as a term philosophy of mind; the current everyday use of term refers to belief system that someone holds onto. It is often associated with the work of Marx and Engels, and their assessment of society’s outlook between material conditions and relationships, better known as Marxist Ideology. (Raymond, 1985, 154-155) This Marxist ideological sense, has had tremendous influence in fields of…

    Words: 837 - Pages: 4
  • Marx Alienation

    The final form of alienation Marxist discusses is that of the estrangement from one’s surroundings or one’s nature. Marx argues that individuals can get caught up in the tedious tasks of daily life and end up never contributing significantly to the natural order and world that directly surrounds this day-to-day lifestyle (Czank, 319-321). For Marx and for Bryson, building a relationship with the environment you are in is perhaps just as valuable and significant as doing so with its people.…

    Words: 807 - Pages: 4
  • Compare And Contrast Pluralism And Structural Marxism

    that society is built upon “conflicts of interest”, in which the Bourgeoisie (those who own and control means of production) are in conflict with the Proletariat (those who simply sell their labor power) (Hagan, 2008, p.193). Structural Marxists view the state in a capitalist mode of production in which the state acts on “behalf of capital” and provides the means of “reproducing class relations and class domination” (Comack, 2014, p. 29). The nature of the capitalist state is such that it must…

    Words: 2453 - Pages: 10
  • The Relationship Between Marxist Theory And Modern Times By Charles Chaplin

    “Modern Times” or How to Support Capitalism This paper investigates the relationship between Marxist theories and Modern Times (1936) by Charles Chaplin, and argues that the main character challenges the Marxist notions of value and commodity and deliberately chooses not to fit into the industrialized world that is portrayed in the film. Modern times is set during the Great Depression Era, which begins in 1929 with the crash of the New York Stock Market and lasts for about ten years until 1939.…

    Words: 1949 - Pages: 8
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