Dialectic Of Enlightenment

814 Words 4 Pages
Reason has failed to be the social locus of the human species. Instead, the psychological mechanism of social grouping has become the predominant means of social intercourse. John Teehan, in his article entitled “Islam, Violence and the Religious Mind”, clarifies the meaning of social grouping by making a distinction between ingroups and outgroups; the social capacity to create mental categories (groups) has evolved as an adaptive trait to ensure social bondage, to the effect that the human species becomes dominant. An equally important feature of social grouping is that placement of people within these categories is preconscious (false consciousness), meaning that the process is not a product of reason. Moreover, a contained set of these mental …show more content…
The promulgation of ideology is what leads the social state to irrational barbarism. The Enlightenment project has failed because reason (being used for organization) services social grouping; therefore, the paradoxical phrases in Dialectic of Enlightenment are used to create relational tension between reason, truth (valid belief), and social grouping (ideological belief). Through this conflict, rationality becomes irrational, and truth becomes false, as reason itself becomes ideological. Dialectic of Enlightenment gives a fragmentary account of how reason is being infected by its use for domination. In the chapter on Odysseus, Adorno and Horkheimer make an important distinction between the self and the other, namely, that a hierarchical structure is imposed on nature that allows for its domination by Odysseus (35-62). In …show more content…
Islam is just as fascist and totalitarian as Nazism, since violence is used to enforce it. The blasphemy laws in the Qu’ran command the punishments of apostates, and the satire produced by CH qualifies as blasphemy. The distinction between Muslim and apostate is the same irrational social grouping that allows radical Islamists to justify their violence against the other. It is therefore the case that society has not progressed in accordance with the Enlightenment, since ideology dominates society, and consequently the social state remains barbaric. There were two different commentaries given about the terrorist attack: the first tried to defer the cause of the attack to ideologies other than Islam (politics or economics), and the second identified as the cause and critiqued the ideology of Islam. The first of these commentators deflect critique of Islam by appealing to ideologies that distort social reality, whereas the second appeal to critique as a means of undermining ideological control. Critique against ideology is necessary to emerge from the barbaric state; it is possible to overpower the preconscious tendency of social grouping by the conscious effort of making society more dialectical. Because dialectical forms, placed on the grand stage of society, use reason for producing truth, and not merely organization of the species,

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