Diabetes Mellitus Type I Diabetes
Diabetes mellitus type I, Type I diabetes, T1D, insulin dependent diabetes, or juvenile diabetes is an autoimmune disease, a form of diabetes mellitus where the body`s immune system mistakenly identifies the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas as foreign cells, hence, it attacks, and destroys them. As a consequence, the pancreas stops producing insulin, thus the body is unable to generate or use, and properly store glucose (a form of sugar that helps to create energy) in an efficient way. Therefore, glucose builds up in the bloodstream prompting levels of blood sugar to rise dangerously, which could damage eyes, kidneys, nerves, and the heart; if untreated diabetes type I can lead to coma or death. Ultimately, this type of diabetes usually develops in children and teenagers, but it can emerge at any age.
The cause of Type I diabetes is unknown, but there are several factors that can cause or trigger the condition: genetic predispositions, environmental factors, trauma and infections. Furthermore, a person with Type I diabetes has a pancreas that has lost the ability of producing and using, or controlling glucose levels in the blood stream. Consequently, the lack of insulin in the body leads to high levels of glucose in the blood and urine, which means that the boy has lost a defense mechanism to auto regulate sugar levels, however, in order for a person suffering this condition to maintain or enforce homeostasis, the individual…