Abundance of the chemical elements

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  • Chemistry: Calcium And Magnesium

    abundant elements together 98 percent of the 8 elements form the mass of the earth’s crust, ocean and atmosphere. Two of the most abundant elements of the eight are calcium and magnesium. Calcium and magnesium are located on the periodic table located both in group 2 sharing the same family meaning that they share chemical property’s as well as the same valence electron because of their location and family relation to the period table. The alkaline metals are a reactive group of metals and combine with other elements so easily that they are not found on earth in the form of their free metal. They are seen in nature in the form of ionic compounds like calcium carbonated and this occurs naturally in limestone etc. Alkaline earth metals…

    Words: 1031 - Pages: 5
  • Hydrogen Essay

    The human body is mainly made up of four elemental components: oxygen (65%), Carbon (18%), Hydrogen (10%), and Nitrogen (3%). It is also composed of about 28 other elements including, Potassium, Sodium, and Calcium. Each plays a major role on the daily functions of the human body. Oxygen accounts for roughly about two-thirds of the mass of the human body and is use in cell respiration. Carbon is part of the molecular structure in certain fats, proteins, and carbohydrates; which are essential…

    Words: 925 - Pages: 4
  • Rare Earth Research Paper

    Gadolinium 's element symbol is Gd with an atomic number of sixty four. Its atomic weight is 157.25 AMU. It is grouped with the Lanthanides, it has a melting point of 1313 degrees Celsius and it has a boiling point of 3273 degrees Celsius. Gadolinium is a soft silvery metal that reacts with oxygen and water. In nature the element occurs as a mixture of six stable isotopes gadolinium 158, 160, 156, and 157,155,154,152. The Gadolinium-157 isotope has the highest thermal neutron capture…

    Words: 2253 - Pages: 10
  • Copper Atom Research Paper

    Atoms are what make up what we call “matter.” They are the smallest units of a chemical element, and they consist of protons, neutrons, and electrons. These components form an atom’s subatomic particles. Before discussing the copper atom at length, we must first be able to understand the components that comprise an atom. The first of these components that make up an atom is the proton. The proton is a very important part of an atom, because the atomic number of an atom is equivalent to the…

    Words: 1278 - Pages: 5
  • Composition Of Copper Research Paper

    The Composition of Copper Copper is an element that many people have either felt or seen without realizing it. Pennies, for example, are made of copper. Certain pipes, contraceptives, and wires are other ways copper is used in our daily lives. It 's a great conductor of electricity, antibacterial, and corrosion resistant. However, this raises the question: what exactly are the properties of copper that give it its properties? An element is a chemical substance in its simplest form. An atom is…

    Words: 803 - Pages: 4
  • Gallium Research Paper

    one of those elements that is used in industry every day. Gallium was discovered in Paris at the private laboratory of Paul-Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran (1831-1912) at 3 a.m. on August, 1875. He observed a new violet line in the atomic spectrum of some zinc he had extracted from a sample of zinc blende ore (ZnS) from the Pyrenees. He knew it meant that an unknown element was present. Gallium comes from Gallia, the Latin name for France. Gallium also has origins in the Latin word Gallus.…

    Words: 945 - Pages: 4
  • Beryllium: General Characteristics

    Beryllium General Characteristics According to Hornbostel (1991), Beryllium is a hard, exceptionally, lightweight, gray-white metal, corrosion resistant at ordinary temperatures; chemically it is related to aluminum. Other than titanium, it is the only light metal which has both good strength and a high melting point. Additionally, it is a good electrical conductor, has high modulus of elasticity, exceptionally transmit x-rays and sounds at very high velocities. Moreover, it has the ability to…

    Words: 780 - Pages: 4
  • The Disappearing Spoon Analysis

    lives and the lives of those before us, have been unknowingly (or knowingly) shaped by elements. In The Disappearing Spoon, the author Sam Kean, discusses the wonderful world of the periodic table in depth. Within the first nine chapters of the novel, Kean explains the importance of location on the table, origin and discovery of each element, and its impact on other aspects of human life. Through various tales, the table is pulled apart and analyzed in an ingenious way. To a reader, it is…

    Words: 1183 - Pages: 5
  • Who Is John Murray The Father Of Oceanography

    driving passion to continue to search the ocean for many years to come. During this time (1870-1910) some of the biggest discoveries and advancements in science happened, such as when Dmitri Mendeleev invented the periodic table. Since a boy Mendeleev had been enthusiastic about chemistry and was determined to make a major discovery in it. Originally he had gone to Saint Petersburg to become a teacher. It was later in life after he had gotten his degree in chemistry (also in teaching) that he…

    Words: 1008 - Pages: 5
  • Magnesium Alloy Essay

    steel is an alloy and Iron is an element. Steel is also called as an alloy of iron, with the content of carbon controlled. 4% of carbon in Iron makes it Cast Iron and when the carbon content is less than 2%, the product is steel. Cast Iron is made from pig iron, which is the by-product of smelting of iron from an iron-foundry. Mild steel, which is also known as plain carbon steel, approximately contains 0.05-0.15% of carbon. This makes it malleable and ductile. Mild steel has a relatively low…

    Words: 1122 - Pages: 5
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