Chemistry: Calcium And Magnesium

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Of the most abundant elements together 98 percent of the 8 elements form the mass of the earth’s crust, ocean and atmosphere. Two of the most abundant elements of the eight are calcium and magnesium. Calcium and magnesium are located on the periodic table located both in group 2 sharing the same family meaning that they share chemical property’s as well as the same valence electron because of their location and family relation to the period table. The alkaline metals are a reactive group of metals and combine with other elements so easily that they are not found on earth in the form of their free metal. They are seen in nature in the form of ionic compounds like calcium carbonated and this occurs naturally in limestone etc. Alkaline earth metals …show more content…
Hydrochloride is a toxic acid when ingested or inhaled and is corrosive to skin and eyes and is best to avoided contact with body tissue. Strontium and barium are compounds that if ingested are highly toxic. Potassium iodate solution is moderate toxic but is a stronger irritant except water which in this case has no safety issues in relation to this lab.
The element’s being used in this lab are aluminum, calcium and magnesium. What was needed was 4 pieces of each chemical and place in a 24 well reaction plate with calcium in column A magnesium in column b and aluminum in column c of the plate the place 20 drops of water to each well. With h20 in calcium, magnesium and aluminum we were to observe in the row for a reaction h20 has on the element in each well with a ph. test. The same was used but instead of water row b was used with HCI and row C was CACL2 and lastly row D was with BACL2 with the same metals just instead of h20 with those element with HCI etc. with 20 drops into each according well across row b, c and d. As for part B of the lab it was the three metals but with mg chlorine and calcium chlorine and strontium chlorine and barium chloride and an unknown chemical into the wells and then add sodium choline through a1 to a5 and b1-b5 sodium sulfate and lastly in row c potassium iodate.once data is collected the unknown well be able to be identified.
…show more content…
This lab also used the chemical of sodium which is salt and when something with sodium were to be dropped into a hot blue flame will change it to a orange red flame color because this is what occurs during a flame test. When chemicals are heated change the color of the flame could be used to identify and find an unknown element by it flame color when heated and compare it to other chemicals flame test to identify the unknown. This connects to the lab because the same process was similarly used to identify the unknown. For example as the mix of chemicals and metals was being performed calcium was the unknown in this lab by looking for chemical and physical property and trends in the periodic

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