Symbolism In The Teachings Of Diné People
hogan. When First Man was first created by the Creator and the Holy People (Diyin Diné 'é), he needed a home, which they all worked together to plan. In the construction of the first hogan, the Blessingway ceremony was performed, where the chief hogan songs, one of the two types of hogan songs, were sung. (Wyman 1970, 11-13). In the hogan songs, the five basic foundation poles were built from precious jewels: the east pole (though it was two poles rather than one) was made from white shell, the south of turquoise, the west of abalone shell, and the north of cannel coal (Luomala 1938, 83). The poles were blessed by the chief hogan songs and were given meaning due to their directionality and orientation. In addition, the poles were associated to specific deities: the east pole to Mother Earth, the south to Mountain Woman, the
west to Water Woman, and the north to Corn Woman. During the ceremony, the songs are sung in order and the poles are placed into position starting from the east, moving clockwise (Wyman 1970, 114). The result was a fork-stick hogan, which was a conical hogan created from interlocked poles. The shape of the Gobernador Knob is tapered and creates the shape of the fork-stick hogan, which adds to the legitimacy of the myth as both entities share the same physical attribute.
The shape of the land formation of one of the inner sacred mountains, Huerfano Mountain, links the creation myths to the origins of the round hogan. When Changing Woman was a baby, she…