Page 1 of 2 - About 18 Essays
  • Strengths And Limitations Of Microbiome

    Discussion The research methods in the studies reviewed improved in sophistication and clarity over time from 2011 to 2016. Three of the studies determined that antibiotics resulted in a risk for increased BMI in boys but not in girls (Ajslev et al., 2011; Azad et al., 2014; Murphy, et al., 2014). In general, repeated exposures to antibiotics (Saari et al., 2015; Schwartz et al., 2016; Scott et al., 2016) or broad-spectrum antibiotics (Bailey et al., 2014), in particular macrolides (Saari et al., 2015), were found to be associated with an increase in BMI. Strengths and Limitations Most of the research reviewed controlled for potential confounders on the effect of antibiotics on BMI: mode of delivery, maternal pre-pregnancy weight, maternal smoking, maternal diabetes, birth weight, socioeconomic status, and steroid use. However, the indirect assessment of prescription and BMI data in the earlier studies, i.e. parent report, introduces a possibility of recall bias. Direct measurements and electronic access of prescription records increases data validity. In this regard, the more recently published studies have greater validity than earlier studies as the methodologies have been refined. Broad-spectrum antibiotics and macrolides were implicated more often than narrow-spectrum antibiotics in BMI increase, but the lack of consistent category definitions across the studies limits application of this finding. Recording specific antibiotic classes from health records, as in…

    Words: 966 - Pages: 4
  • Lefloxacin Cocrystals Lab Report

    Levofloxacin cocrystals were prepared by solvent evaporation method. The drug and co formers, stearic acid and sodium saccharin were physically mixed in varying ratios of 1:1, 1:3, 1:5, 1:7 and 1:1 and 2:1 respectively in a glass mortar and the mixtures were dissolved in ethanol as solvent for crystallization. The solvent evaporation was carried in rotary flash evaporator (Laborota 4000, Hiedolph) maintained at 40 ± 2ºC and speed of 30 rpm. The products obtained were dried in a desiccator and…

    Words: 1027 - Pages: 5
  • Emergency Case Study Essay

    His body temperature was 100 degrees F, heart rate 78 beats per minute, and his blood pressure was 96/50 mm Hg. He was weaned of off 50% oxygen through a face mask to a 2 liters of oxygen by a nasal cannula. His electrolyte levels were unremarkable, but his white blood cell count increased to 26.0 x 109/L. The cultures for influenza A and B viruses were negative as well as the blood cultures for bacteria and fungus. The urine test for Legionella antigen was positive. The infectious disease team…

    Words: 722 - Pages: 3
  • Sara Lin Case

    non-pharmaceutical way to relieve pain, such as music therapy and relaxation. EBP/S What should be included in Sara Lin’s education plan related to postoperative incision care? Sara Lin’s education plan related to postoperative incision care must include teaching of infection symptoms and when to notify the practitioner. I will teach the patient how to inspect and care for the wound, as indicated. In addition, I will inform Sara and family members of any activity restrictions, including…

    Words: 566 - Pages: 3
  • Case Study Cellulitis

    During the first two weeks, the patient received ampicillin-sublactam intravenously (1). Ampicillin is a derivative of penicillin. It works by binding to bacterial cell wall and leading to bacterial death. Sublactam works in conjunction with ampicillin by increasing the drug’s resistance to beta-lactamase. Use is indicated in cases of skin and skin structure infections (8). In the four remaining weeks, the patient received levofloxacin orally. Levofloxacin works by inhibiting DNA gyrase in…

    Words: 885 - Pages: 4
  • C Difficile Research Paper

    and topoisomerase II (Hooper 2001). C. difficile is resistant to FQs because of various alterations in areas of the quinolone-resistance determining region, in either the GyrA or the GyrB. These are the specific DNA gyrase subunits that are noted to play a role in resistance to FQs (Dridi et al. 2002). It was noted that there are several specific amino acid substitutions that are linked to the resistance in both GyrA and GyrB. Most of the FQ resistant strains have a substitution of Thr82Ile in…

    Words: 1531 - Pages: 7
  • Uti Case Study

    a CrCl >50 mL/min. *Levofloxacin (Levaquin) 250 mg daily for 3 days Baseline serum creatinine, BUN, & CBC GI symptoms, dizziness, confusion, hypersensitivity, photosensitivity, & tendonitis (BBW) CrCl >50 mL/min no dose adjustment necessary *Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) 250 mg twice daily for 3 days Baseline serum creatinine, BUN, & CBC GI symptoms, dizziness, confusion, hypersensitivity, photosensitivity, & tendonitis (BBW) Geriatrics with normal renal function, no dosage adjustment is…

    Words: 1524 - Pages: 7
  • Medical Case Study: Albuterol

    SC completed home visit with Pa at his apt. The Pa was admitted at Temple from 4/29/2016-4/30/2016 for Exacerbation of CODP. The Pa was prescribed one new medication Levofloxacin 500 mg to treat lung infection and three other forms of albuterol that he already have listed on his medication list in SAMS. According to the discharged paper work the Pa was admitted to the hospital for Exacerbation of CODP due to medication unavailability. The SC asked the Pa if he’s having trouble getting his…

    Words: 826 - Pages: 4
  • Snakebite Envenomation Essay

    There are many controversies on the use of antibiotic therapy. Based on the complexity of infection many authors suggested broad-spectrum rationale along with tetanus and rabies vaccination to decrease the risk of secondary infection and continued until manifestation are clearly disappeared (Kevin R. Kerrigan 1992). Antibiotics not only prevent the manifestation of wound infection but also accelerate the healing of the injury. Antibiotics like Ciprofloxacin, amoxicillin + clavulanate plus…

    Words: 933 - Pages: 4
  • Essay On Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

    This helps in the clinical decision-making to eliminate the chances of bias concerning empirical therapy for patients. For instance, bias may exist when isolates in the analysis are included as patients having multiple cultures usually have stays in the hospital that are longer and are usually likely to experience failure in treatment than patients from single cultures (Pakyz, 2007). There several procedures that were undertaken to identify P. aeruginosa in the course of the three year period.…

    Words: 1102 - Pages: 5
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