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  • Strengths And Limitations Of Microbiome

    Discussion The research methods in the studies reviewed improved in sophistication and clarity over time from 2011 to 2016. Three of the studies determined that antibiotics resulted in a risk for increased BMI in boys but not in girls (Ajslev et al., 2011; Azad et al., 2014; Murphy, et al., 2014). In general, repeated exposures to antibiotics (Saari et al., 2015; Schwartz et al., 2016; Scott et al., 2016) or broad-spectrum antibiotics (Bailey et al., 2014), in particular macrolides (Saari et al., 2015), were found to be associated with an increase in BMI. Strengths and Limitations Most of the research reviewed controlled for potential confounders on the effect of antibiotics on BMI: mode of delivery, maternal pre-pregnancy weight, maternal smoking, maternal diabetes, birth weight, socioeconomic status, and steroid use. However, the indirect assessment of prescription and BMI data in the earlier studies, i.e. parent report, introduces a possibility of recall bias. Direct measurements and electronic access of prescription records increases data validity. In this regard, the more recently published studies have greater validity than earlier studies as the methodologies have been refined. Broad-spectrum antibiotics and macrolides were implicated more often than narrow-spectrum antibiotics in BMI increase, but the lack of consistent category definitions across the studies limits application of this finding. Recording specific antibiotic classes from health records, as in…

    Words: 966 - Pages: 4
  • Analysis Of Bacteri Major Mechanisms Of Antibiotic Resistance

    β-lactam antibiotics including ampicillin, ceftiofur and ceftriaxone (Aarestrup et al., 2004). In Salmonella, resistance to tetracycline is encoded by the tet genes. Most of the tet genes code for efflux pumps and several others code for ribosomal protection proteins. The majority of tet genes in bacteria are present on the mobile genetic elements such as plasmids, transposons, conjugative trasnposons and integrons (Chopra & Roberts, 2001). Antimicrobial resistance in Salmonella to…

    Words: 1844 - Pages: 7
  • Essay On Conjunctivitis

    evidence based approach to treating the topic Chloramphenicol is the commonest anti-toxin used to treat conjunctivitis. It is the minimum costly visual antibacterial and is accessible from drug stores without a solution for the treatment of intense bacterial conjunctivitis in grown-ups, more seasoned individuals furthermore, youngsters matured two years and over (Chaplin & Tey, 2017). g) In your opinion, which approach (between most expensive and least expensive) would you recommend and why –…

    Words: 1027 - Pages: 5
  • Experimental Analysis: Clostridium Diasporogenes

    B. cereus and slightly inhibit the growth of C. albicans. Chili powder and salt did not inhibit the growth of any bacteria. b. The purpose of the production of antibiotics by fungi and bacteria is to kill or inhibit the growth of other organisms. By inhibiting other bacteria from growing and surviving, the bacteria that produce the antibiotics are able to use up more of the limited sources that are found in their environments. They are then able to survive and reproduce better than if there was…

    Words: 1008 - Pages: 5
  • Antimicrobial Agents Against Microorganisms

    microorganisms to the disinfectant, 0.1ml of bacteria was transferred in intervals of 1min, 2min, 5min, 10min and 15 into separate tubes of tryptic soy broth, labelled with time of exposure and respective bacteria and mixed well. A further three tubes marked with the microorganisms name and one with disinfectant were inoculated as control and incubated at 35°C for a period of 48 hours. Antibiotics Disc Diffusion tests were carried out to gauge the sensitivity of the microorganisms against…

    Words: 2232 - Pages: 9
  • Acinetobacter Baumannii Research Paper

    involved in Iraq and Afghanistan war [8]. It is also the main reason to cause respiratory tract infection in Northern Australia and Asia [8]. B.2. Treatments of A. baumannii Infections Many classes of antibiotics have been used to treat A, baumannii infections including penicillins, Carbapenems, cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, Tetracyclines Chloramphenicol and aztreonam. Each antibiotic has its own way and mechanism to work against A. baumannii. There are three common mechanism of…

    Words: 1119 - Pages: 5
  • Antibiotic Sensitivity Report

    Transfer the bacteria to a Mueller Hinton Agar plate using a streaking method to cover the entire plate in a lawn of bacteria. Be sure to evenly streak across the agar and then rotate it 90 degrees streaking across the plate again, this will ensure even coverage. • Cover the plate with a lid and take to the professor so the antibiotic disks can be dispensed • After six disks are applied to the agar plate, it is then incubated at 37 degrees Celsius for 18 to 24 hours allowing for antibiotic…

    Words: 904 - Pages: 4
  • Public Health Changes During The American Industrial Revolution

    the Industrial Revolution were Tuberculosis, Typhus, and Typhoid. Cholera and Typhoid were similar to each other. Tuberculosis was passed on by inhaling a cough of a person who was already infected with it. One way of avoiding it was by staying away from places that had poor sanitation, which was hard to do because everything that was around had poor sanitation. Stats have proven that Tuberculosis was the “greatest killers” in the cities. Tuberculosis killed one-third of the people who died…

    Words: 1378 - Pages: 6
  • Antibiotics: The Inventions That Changed Society

    This is stated in the quote which reads, “Antibiotics, such as streptomycin, chloramphenicol, and tetracycline, provided the first effective means to treat chronic infections, such as tuberculosis or typhoid fever, resulting in a growing belief among medical scientists that infectious disease could now be controlled” (Salem Press). These drugs were all used to effectively cure these life threatening and deadly diseases. This then created hope for the future as scientists now believed they had…

    Words: 1282 - Pages: 6
  • Koala Population

    safe and it can be used to save the species from possible extinction. Recently, healthy and unhealthy koalas were vaccinated with a membrane-based protein that was also derived from Chlamydiae pecorum. The vaccination plays a major role in porin, attachment and structural ability. The vaccination was a great success. It proved that it induces certain immune system that provides protection against ongoing infection and possible future infections. There is no doubt that vaccination is the best…

    Words: 2335 - Pages: 10
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