Conjunctivitis Case Study

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a) Causes
Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the outermost layer of the white part of the eye and the inner eyelid (Stevens, 2008). Conjunctivitis can be caused from many sources. These include bacteria, viruses and irritations. Irritations can be caused from allergic reactions to various things such as pollen and grass, irritation can also be caused from foreign objects in your eye such as chemicals (Durning, 2013). Unlike irritation, bacterial and viral conjunctivitis are highly contagious. A person may know that they have conjunctivitis when symptoms arrive (Durning, 2013).

b) Symptoms
The symptoms of conjunctivitis consist redness within the white of the eye, eyelid swelling, sensitive to light, excessive tears,
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The infection can include the eyelids, conjunctiva and cornea, and shifts in seriousness, from gentle irritation to locate undermining entanglements (Leonardi & Hall, 2010). Damaged vision and visual deficiency may come about because of perpetual shallow punctate keratitis, tireless epithelial deformities, corneal scarring or diminishing, keratoconus, waterfalls and symblepharon arrangement (Leonardi & Hall, 2010).
A release can aggregate amid rest, with the resultant drying on the lashes making the top hard to open after arousing. Cautioning indications of confusions from conjunctivitis are serious eye torment, diminished vision, or photophobia, all of which more often than not show corneal contribution (Leonardi & Hall,
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Firstly, this is because chloramphenicol could be obtained easily from pharmacies without any prescription needed (Chaplin & Tey, 2017). Furthermore, in the evidence-based perspective, an experimental study was conducted in 2006, a Cochrane systemic review stated that antibiotic treatment is more effective than the placebo treatment in patient with acute bacterial conjunctivitis (Chaplin & Tey, 2017). Everitt, Little and Peter (2006) also conducted a randomised controlled trial of management strategies for acute infective conjunctivitis in general practice. This trial involved 307 adults and children who were affected by this disease. This trial also used intervention such as chloramphenicol eye drops, with 104 participants treated with chloramphenicol eye drops, 94 participants as control group (without antibiotics) and 109 participants with delayed antibiotics. The end result stated that the best way in treating acute conjunctivitis is delayed prescribing of antibiotics (Everitt, Little, & Peter,

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