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  • X-Ray Diffraction Lab

    Lab 4: Crystal Structure and X-Ray Diffraction of Materials Introduction The purpose of this experiment is to study the relationship between the geometry of a sample and its diffraction patterns through an exploration of reciprocal space. In this experiment, both a single crystal piece of Si with a (004) reflection plane and a Si powder sample are scanned, as well as the peaks the locations of the diffraction peaks on the single crystal. The collected data is then analyzed to determine the criteria for planes to produce a spike in energy by plotting in reciprocal space. This experiment serves to illustrate the importance of reciprocal space. It also introduces the ideas of glancing incidence and exit. Theory The basis of x-ray diffraction is rooted in understanding the relationship between the geometry of diffraction and the geometry of crystal planes. One of the easiest ways to visualize this is the use of reciprocal space.…

    Words: 1894 - Pages: 8
  • Importance Of Crystal Structure Of Materials

    mechanical, chemical or electrical properties of the chosen materials. In this work, the prepared samples are studied using various techniques given below. • Powder X-ray diffraction(PXRD) • Ultraviolet –Visible spectrometry(UV) • Scanning electron microscopy(SEM) • Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy(EDS) 1.8.1 Powder XRD analysis (PXRD) The structural information of the prepared samples is examined through powder X-ray diffraction. X-ray crystallography is a tool, which is used to identify…

    Words: 1032 - Pages: 5
  • Lefloxacin Cocrystals Lab Report

    The diffraction pattern was scanned over 2 range of 3 to 50o at a scanning rate of 1o/min. The relative degree of crystallinity (RDC) was calculated to determine the degree of drug crystallinity in formulation compared to pure drug, by using the following equation18. (Maulvi et al., 2011) EXM…

    Words: 1027 - Pages: 5
  • Atomic Spectra Lab Report

    This was when there were a series of different light bulbs that had to be observed on, off, and though a diffraction grating. (Sanders, 2). The other part of this section that was not described in Table 5 was the part with the array of LED lights. The observations were made through a diffraction grating as well and the light that was visible was in a continuous fashion. Let’s start with discussing the difference between experimental and calculated values of the wavelengths. In just about every…

    Words: 918 - Pages: 4
  • Kanamycin Sulphate And Rifampicin Essay

    into screw-capped glass scintillation vials and stored in a desiccator containing silica gel at 20 ± 2 ºC and 36 ± 2% relative humidity until used. The process yield of the produced powders was calculated using the following formula. Process yield (%)=(Mass of the powder obtained (mg) )/(Total solid content of each formulation (mg))×100 (1) Estimation of drug content by HPLC analysis Approximately 5 mg of spray-dried powder sample was dissolved in 100 mL of suitable solvent (kanamycin in…

    Words: 2078 - Pages: 9
  • Structure Of Isotinamide

    that the hydrogen bonding behaviour of Isonicotinamide is of interest since different polymorphs exhibited different hydrogen bonding and molecular orientation. This present work however focuses on the qualitative phase identification and crystal structure analysis of Isonicotinamide nucleated from solvent ethanol. Powder X-Ray Diffraction (PXRD) technique has been employed in this identification and analysis. The Cambridge Structure database (CSD) software has been used extensively in this…

    Words: 1274 - Pages: 6
  • Willow Tree Lab Report

    potassium hydrogen bis(acetylsalicylate). The authors of the paper performed a neutron diffraction study of potassium hydrogen bis(acetylsalicylate). The goal of this study was to compare the results of X-ray diffraction and neutron diffraction on potassium hydrogen bis(acetylsalicylate). It was found that neutron diffraction experiments give a more precise outcome overall for the bond distances, bond angles, atom positioning and thermal parameters of molecules compared to X-ray diffraction…

    Words: 1309 - Pages: 5
  • Analysis Of Spray Pyrolysis

    tools. The XRD patterns from the films deposited in the present study were obtained using PANalytical Empyrean X-ray diffractometer in Bragg-Brentano geometry ( and 2 coupled). The K1 wavelength (1.54060 Å) from the Cu anode material was used as an X-ray source. The scan length for diffraction angle (2 ) is ranging between 30° and 110° irrespective of the variation in the Cr- doping concentrations. The thickness of the CdO films was measured by Filmetrics (Model: F20-XT) method. The surface…

    Words: 1381 - Pages: 6
  • Photographic Satellite Essay

    Radio waves will carry data bits at the same rate as the frequency; higher frequencies will yield higher data rates. Frequency determines wavelength and all frequencies are affected by diffraction when passing through openings, higher frequencies will spread less but are unable to travel around objects. To achieve higher rates of data transmission, a higher frequency with a shorter wavelength is needed, such as microwaves, which are measured in centimeters versus meters for radio waves, and…

    Words: 1267 - Pages: 5
  • Electron Microscopy Essay

    screen or photographic film. The image is then generated in greyscale, with the darker areas represent regions of greater absorption of electrons by the specimen while lighter areas correspond to parts of the specimen that absorbed fewer. This is commonly referred to as bright field imaging. The TEM is a dynamic form of imaging, allowing for changes to be applied to benefit the specimen being examined. Among the most common modes are electron energy loss spectroscopy, diffraction contrast, and…

    Words: 892 - Pages: 4
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