Congenital heart disease

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    Congenital Heart Disease

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    Congenital heart diseases refers to the structural (anatomical) or physiological defects in the normal functioning of the heart as a result of birth defects that may be diagnosed soon after birth or may take years to produce full blown cardiac insufficiency. Valvular heart defects form the most common variety of congenital cardiac defect that is associated with high morbidity and mortality in adult years if no management options are employed. This is because the metabolic demands of the body increase with growth and development that poses more pressure on the heart leading to cardiac failure or circulatory deficits. With overall prevalence of 26.6%, it was suggested that only 12.1% cases can be detected by clinical evaluation. Among the most…

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    Congenital heart disease, or CHD, is a problem with the heart's structure and function that is present at birth. Congenital heart disease can describe a number of different problems affecting the heart. It is the most common type of birth defect. CHD causes more deaths in the first year of life than any other birth defects. There are many causes of CHD including problems with genes or chromosomes in the child, taking certain medications, drugs, or alcohol during pregnancy,and a viral infection,…

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    Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a defect related to the cardiovascular system. CHD alters the way blood flows into the heart. The irregularity of the heart in people with CHD is developed from birth though symptoms of the condition may not be present until adulthood. During the time of birth the closure of the ductus arteriosus (DA) should occur about 15 hours after birth though functional closure may be delayed for up to 3 months of life. Thus, an open DA is the functional indicator of…

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    heart is the most important organ in the human body. Without the heart life would not be possible, it is responsible for getting neturients and oxygen throught the body by way of the circulatory system. Modern medicine has advanced greatly within the last 30 years and almost all heart diseases can be treated successfully if detected in time. Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a malformation of the large blood vessel near the heart. Congenital heart disease is one of the most common forms of…

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    There are things that increase the chances of a child to have congenital heart disease are; the first conditions Genetics, this is a condition that is inherited from both or one of the baby’s parents and is recognised as a type of congenital disease that runs in the family. Down syndrome is the most known genetic condition that can cause congenital heart disease and the children that are born with down syndrome also born with a range of disabilities which is due to the genetic abnormally, about…

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    - Congenital Heart Defect (patent ductus arterious/pda) - Asthma - GERD – G-tube feeding - Dysphagia - Mixed receptive -expressive language disorder - Allergic to Bactrim - Palatal Talon Cusps - Bilateral Epicanthal folds Subjective findings - Prematurity - Lack maternal pre-natal care - Non- progressive /unproductive labor (delivered via C- Sec) Objective findings - Impaired development in all areas - Poor sense of balance, coordination, and motor planning - Limited endurance to gross motor…

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    Pulse Accuracy

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    (Eichenwald, Perelman, & Pennsylvania, n.d.). The continuous pulse oximetry readings of the newborn will alert the RN of any circulatory issues that need immediate attention. Another benefit of performing continuous pulse oximetry on newborns is the early detection of congenital heart defects (Tin & Lal, 2015). The continuous monitoring allows the early detection of pulmonary atresia, tetralogy of Fallot, tricuspid atresia, anomalous pulmonary venous return (CDC, 2012). The early detection…

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    Pediatric Congenital Heart Conditions There are several pediatric congenital heart conditions that can occur and it is important as practitioners that each can be recognized as not to delay treatment. This article speaks of three different types of congenital heart conditions; the presentation, exam, diagnosis, treatment, and any long term effects for the patients. Patent Ductus Arteriosus In utero the ductus arteriosus connects the aorta and pulmonary artery. It allows blood to flow from the…

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    Pediatrics Essay

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    “They believe in magic, they play pretend, there is fairy dust in their IV bags” (Grey’s Anatomy-Arizona Robbins). Pediatrics is the branch of medicine dealing with children and their diseases. It isn’t about doing your job and leaving. You also have to care and have patience. You have to be able to do your job and make the children feel safe and secure. Pediatrics is the branch of medicine dealing with children and their diseases. There are many branches in pediatrics--such as, pediatric…

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    Atrial septal defects(ASD) is a highly prevalent congenital heart disease [1]. There are four major types of ASD: Ostium Secundum, ostium premium, sinus venous, and coronary sinus [2]. The ostium atrial septal defect is an abnormally large opening in the atrial septum. During the early embryo stages, the atria enlarge, and the septum primum develops with the progression of the embryo. At the final development stages of the embryo and as the heart matures the ostium primum completely shuts;…

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