Genres And Figures Of Speech Essay
Genres and Figures of Speech
Overwhelming for many, the Bible presents challenges as one begins to read it. Written by multiple authors, and inspired by God, it displays a variety of genres and figures of speech sprinkled throughout for the reader to experience. Becoming familiar with several of the different genres and figures of speech within the Bible, a person’s understanding of it will increase.
One of two major types of legal material present in the Old Testament, apodictic law deals in matters of moral and religious concerns, explicit in defining right and wrong. Referred to as the “absolute law,” it addresses the audience in second person using direct commands. Two well-known types of apodictic law are prohibition and admonition (Klein, Blomberg, & Hubbard, Jr., 1993). Prohibition directly commands in a negative fashion, for example, “You shall not commit adultery” (Exodus 20:14, NIV). Admonition is a positive command such as “Honor your father and mother” (Exodus 20:12). Two additional subgenres are participle law and the law of retaliation (Klein, et al., 1993). Participle law deals with capital crimes, Exodus21:15 is a typical example. In this example, the participle is “anyone who,” while the penalty is set with the main verb, “put to death” (Klein, et al., 1993, p. 343). The law of retaliation pertains to crimes involving bodily injury and penalty. Deuteronomy 19:21 clearly depicts that the penalty fits the crime, “eye for eye, tooth for…