Manichean Texts

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Manichean Texts of the Silk Road Tun-Huang was a major destination along the Silk Road. The caves of the thousand Buddhas contained many important manuscripts and pieces of art which have been used by historians to learn about the cultures of the Silk Road. Among these were three Manichean texts written in Chinese. These are the Hymnscroll, the Compendium of the Doctrines of Mani, and the Traité Pelliot. These are significant because they are some of the only written documents we have of the Manicheans so they are important to historians in researching the Manichean people. They are also important because they were recovered by major explorers in the 1900s. Now they sit in important museums all over the world. The three Manichean texts from …show more content…
Manichaeism was a religion that became popular in some regions of Persia in the first century. It was founded my Mani, whose story is told in the Compendium of the Doctrines of Mani. This religion was unique for its time because it was formulated on the use of reason instead of belief like most of the other religions that were prominent at this time. Because of this aspect the Manicheans were persecuted by the Persians, Romans, and Turks who did not agree with the religions practices. Manichaeism is a combination of Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, Christianity, and also contains some aspects of Babylonian mythology. It is believed that this is because of the Persian proximity to all of these cultures. Manichaeism had a short but prosperous existence. Manichaeism spread quickly and spread far but was extinguished by the larger religions of the time. The three Manichean texts found in the caves of the thousand Buddhas are some of the only texts historians have of the Manicheans. This is extremely important because without the Hymnscroll, the Compendium of the doctrines of Mani, and the Traité Pelliot there would not be much documentation of the Manichean …show more content…
The Hymnscroll, the Compendium of the Doctrines of Mani, and the Traité Pelliot are the three Manichean texts written in Chinese that were found in the caves of the thousand Buddhas. These documents are significant because they are some of the only written documents we have of the Manicheans. After they were discovered by European explorers in the 1900s, they now sit in important museums all over the world. These texts are all extremely important to the study of the history of the Silk Road. They are some of the most important objects that can be studied from the Silk

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