Working memory

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  • Verbal Working Memory Study

    Article 1: The Contribution of Verbal Working Memory to Deaf Children’s Oral and Written Production Barbara Arfé, Cristina Rossi, and Silvia Sicoli In the past, many studies have been made for the oral and written capabilities of deaf children. But this journal focuses on the same factors but with their working memory. The children who participated in this study were severely or profoundly deaf and aged from eight to thirteen years old. In specific, they focused on the verbal working memory because this affects their language performances. Previous studies focused on their oral language and written capabilities with exercises such as sentence comprehension or spelling. But here they decided to examine their memory by inspecting the deaf children’s…

    Words: 1531 - Pages: 7
  • Working Memory Abilities

    There has been different research that proposed to explain how working memory capacity and different processing strategies enhance or interfere with memory performance. Although the literature cover different research, this review will focus in encoding and retrieval process of information, and the importance of working memory capacity. There is an important relation between individual differences in Working Memory Capacity (WMC) and retrieving information from long-term memory (LTM). In this…

    Words: 2433 - Pages: 10
  • Working Memory Capacity

    the differences in working memory capacity and long-term memory recall. Working memory capacity is defined as a system for temporarily storing and managing of the information required to carry out complex cognitive tasks such as learning, reasoning, and comprehension. Long-term memory is defined as memory that involves the storage and the recall of information over a long period of time (weeks or months). In this study participants were asked to perform categorical cued and free recall tasks.…

    Words: 1433 - Pages: 6
  • Negative Consequences Of Working Memory (WM)

    Working Memory (WM) Working memory is defined as a kind of mental “workbench” where individuals manipulate and assemble information when they make decisions, solve problems, comprehend written and spoken language (Baddely, 2012). And is central in a wide range of cognitive abilities. WM and Bilingualism The primary process of executive function includes cognitive control like inhibition and shifting in working memory. This involves the ability to override a habitual but incorrect response…

    Words: 827 - Pages: 4
  • Short-Term Memory: The Working Memory Model

    Memory is a fundamental factor in psychology that has been found difficult to explain and measure as it is not tangible or measurable. Three main memory models have been devised which attempt to explain the different aspects of memory, one of which is the Working Memory Model. This model is used to explain short-term memory and its components and is constantly working to encode information we receive and pass it to our Long-term memory. We will be discussing how we use the working memory and…

    Words: 786 - Pages: 4
  • Baddeley Working Memory Model

    Baddeley created the working memory model as a way of explaining short term memory. He proposed that it consisted of 3 subsections, a central executive, a phonological loop and a visuo-spatial sketchpad, these subsystems are then further fractionated. Logie (1995) proposed that the visuo-spatial sketchpad is divided into two components; a visual cache and an inner scribe. The inner scribe contains information on movement and spatial awareness. Whereas the visual cache stores information about…

    Words: 1000 - Pages: 4
  • Working Memory Literature Review

    According to Gould, (2010). different studies have shown the negative effects of drug use on working memory: Morphine has been shown to impair working memory (Friswell et al.,2008); polydrug users who preferred cocaine or heroin, continued to have cognitive impairments, including working memory, up to five months into abstinence (VerdejoGarcía, and Pérez-García, 2007); methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy) caused working memory impairment even two and a half years after cessation of use…

    Words: 1782 - Pages: 8
  • The Effects Of Stress On Working Memory

    Memory is a process of encoding, storing, and retrieving information. It is the total sum of who we are and what we know. It is also absolutely crucial in everything we do and affects how well we do it. A large variety of studies have already been conducted on memory and show that there are different types of memory. In their study, Luo and Craik (2008) looked at the effects of age on memory and found that aging contributes to increasing difficulty to complete complex memory tasks. There’s a…

    Words: 1164 - Pages: 5
  • Long Term Memory And Working Memory

    Susan, a 45-year-old woman, wife and mother of two has been having memory difficulties and impaired movement of the right side of her body. With no indication as to what caused these difficulties Susan may be experiencing problems with motivation, learning and different types of memory. The different types of memory Susan may be having difficulty with include long term memory (LTM), short term memory (STM) and working memory, all of which can have an impact on how therapy is conducted and how…

    Words: 2288 - Pages: 10
  • Baddeley Working Memory Analysis

    The crux of the question is to critically evaluate the concept of working memory, that lies at the heart of the Baddeley and Hitch Model (1974) and assess its application in everyday life. The concept of working memory originated from the unitary short-term memory store projected by Atkinson and Shiffrin (Baddeley, 2003). Working memory allows for the storage, retaining of information for a specified period of time and manipulating that information for performance of cognitive activities. A…

    Words: 1135 - Pages: 5
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