Working Memory Model Essay

786 Words 4 Pages
Memory is a fundamental factor in psychology that has been found difficult to explain and measure as it is not tangible or measurable. Three main memory models have been devised which attempt to explain the different aspects of memory, one of which is the Working Memory Model. This model is used to explain short-term memory and its components and is constantly working to encode information we receive and pass it to our Long-term memory. We will be discussing how we use the working memory and its components in an everyday activity such as learning the moves in kickboxing to show how this aspect of memory works to support us.

Baddeley and Hitch (1974) devised the Working Memory Model (WM) which explained the Short-term memory (STM) as being
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You hear the words and your phonological loop encodes them, you understand them, but you don’t know what that particular move involves. The trainer then shows you the ‘jab cross’ move that entails punching your left arm forward and returning it to a guarded position and punching your right arm diagonally across the left arm. All of this is done in approximately 7 seconds, but your Visio-spatial sketchpad can take all of this visual information and encode it. Meanwhile your phonological loop stores the verbal information for you briefly, as the trainer visually shows you how to perform the move. You can now complete the move as you now have a visual encoding of the word. These, new, encoded pieces of information are then passed to the central executive and further encoded (Lieberman, 2004) before transferring this information to long-term storage. This transfer happens via the episodic buffer (Schacter, Gilbert & Wegner, 2012). Conversely, when you go to your training next week, and the trainer asks you to perform the above move, this move will then be recalled from LTM, not STM. The reason for this is that it has already been encoded and understood via the sensory components and the central executive of the STM. The sensory components will, however, continue to encode new moves using the verbal and the visual stimulants supplied at that time. Of course, none of this would be possible without the phonological loop holding the information until the central executive links it to the Visio-spatial sketchpad, via the central executive. You would not be able to make the connection between the word ‘jab cross ', and the visual. Therefore, you would not be able to perform the move, as you would be forever standing, not knowing what the move

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