Working Memory Capacity

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The purpose of this article is to examine the differences in working memory capacity and long-term memory recall. Working memory capacity is defined as a system for temporarily storing and managing of the information required to carry out complex cognitive tasks such as learning, reasoning, and comprehension. Long-term memory is defined as memory that involves the storage and the recall of information over a long period of time (weeks or months). In this study participants were asked to perform categorical cued and free recall tasks. The individual differences in the processing of recall were interpreted in terms of a hierarchical-search framework. The results are in line with the theory that there is a strong relationship between working memory …show more content…
Although, further research has also shown that when Low-working-memory-capacity individuals were given specific cues to activate smaller potential targets, their recall was the same as the high-working –memory-capacity individuals. The topic is important to explore because researchers have yet to figure out what exactly allows high-working-memory-capacity individuals to search their memories more effectively than low-working-memory-capacity individuals. This subject is interesting, because it provides information that still needs a lot more explanation, and investigating. In the future studies it will be exciting to see if newer information will come about that will explain why some people have a harder time than others when retrieving from long-term memory. The theory of this study is that there is a relationship between working-memory-capacity and recall from long-term memory. This study will attempt to test this theory in a course of conducting two experiments on two different groups recruited from the same eligible pool of …show more content…
The research of this topic is important for a number of reason. First, because we need to investigate organization theory’s relevance to phenomena’s such as individual differences, working memory, and attentional capacities. Second, because recent work has shown evidence that high-WMC individual are more sensitive to manipulations of encoding specificity than low-WMC individuals. Third, we need to know that if manipulating cue overload in a more fine-grained manner will change the differences we see between low-WMC individuals and high-WMC individual’s recall. Fourth, we need to find out if there is possible differences in strategic search and the ability to self-generate effective retrieval cues in a variety of contexts. The topic is interesting because working memory capacity is important to how we learn, how we reason, and how we comprehend information we receive. The articles goal is to examine the reason why there seems to be a relationship between WMC and recall from long-term memory. In order to achieve this goal they examined cued and free recall with lists of categorical words. The researchers of this study thinks that the results of these exams will attempt to explain if there is a relationship between WMC and long-term

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